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Unit Eleven Scenic Spots Introduction 景点介绍. Unit Objectives (单元目标). After learning this unit, you should ——understand what and how to introduce scenic spots; ——master the basic words and expressions about scenic spots introduction;

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Unit eleven scenic spots introduction

Unit Eleven Scenic Spots Introduction 景点介绍

Unit objectives
Unit Objectives (单元目标)

  • After learning this unit, you should

  • ——understand what and how to introduce scenic spots;

  • ——master the basic words and expressions about scenic spots introduction;

  • ——find ways to improve your writing skills about on-the-way introduction;

  • ——be familiar with some domestic scenic spots.

Background knowledge
Background Knowledge 背景知识

  • Tourist Attractions

  • Tourist attractions refer to those objects and events, existing both in nature and human society, which are of interest to tourists and pull them to travel. The tourism industry can take advantage of tourist attractions to produce benefits for society and the environment. Tourist attractions include natural resources such as weather, landscapes and other natural sites as well as human resources like historical relics, culture and the customs. In China, tourist attractions often mean the same as tourism resources. The definition of tourism resources indicates that the natural and human factors which attract tourists may become tourism resources.

Practice materials
Practice Materials 实训材料

  • Listening

  • Dialogue 1

  • a. Listen to Dialogue One and decide whether each of the following sentences is true (T) or false (F).

  • 1. T The tour guide is a native in Pingyao.

  • 2. F There are about 700 stores and shops in the bazaar, but most of them decline.

  • 3. F Jack doesn’t like forest.

  • 4. F Rishengchang Exchange Shop is a famous souvenir shop.

  • 5. F Pingyao is famous for the banking business.

Dialogue 1
Dialogue 1

  • b. Listen to the dialogue and answer these questions.

  • 1. Why does Jack travel with the tour guide instead of walking around by himself?

  • Because he wants to know more about the Chinese culture and the guide can give him more information about this ancient city.

  • 2. What is available in those curiosity shops.?

  • There is a dazzling array of art wares: antiques, furniture, ancient coins, Chinese paintings, jade ware, lacquer ware and traditional folk clothing, etc.

  • 3. What would have Jack bought if he had enough money, according to himself?

  • If he had enough money, he would have bought one of the compounds, not the souvenirs only.

  • 4. What was earliest bank that appeared in China?

  • Rishengchang Exchange Shop.

  • 5. Where is Rishengchang Exchange Shop located?

  • Rishengchang is located at No. 105 in Nandajie Street.

Dialogue 11
Dialogue 1

  • c. Listen to the dialogue again and supply the missing words.

  • 1. But you’re a backpacker, why not walk around Pingyao city by yourself?

  • 2. It is one of the best places where you can explore the ancient Chinese culture.

  • 3. It seems to me they are all curiosity shops.

  • 4. The traditional buildings here are really attractive.

  • 5. Pingyao used to be the financial center of China.


  • A: 嗨,彼得,我很乐意给你做导游啊。不过,你是个背包客,干嘛不自个儿游平遥呢?

  • B: 哦,我想更多了解中国文化,而不仅仅是拍拍照。我相信你肯定能给我介绍更多关于平遥的历史。

  • A: 哈哈,那你可找对人了。我在这里住了20多年了。我们现在走在南大街上。这里也叫明清街。这是了解中国古代文化最好的地方啦。

  • B: 太棒了。我喜欢这些传统的中国建筑,不喜欢城市里林立的高楼。看,街边一排排是什么商店啊?

  • A: 这里是集市,有700多家店铺呢。大多数老店至今仍然生意兴隆啊。

  • B: 店铺里都卖些什么?好像都是些古玩店啊。

  • A: 有让人眼花缭乱的艺术品呢:古董,家具,古钱,中国字画,玉器,漆器,还有传统民族服装等等。如果愿意的话,你可以买点纪念品啊。

  • B: 我是想买的,不过,还是先观光吧。这些古建筑实在太引人入胜啦。如果我有足够的钱,我要买座房子,而不仅仅是纪念品呢。看那边,什么商店这么雄伟啊?

  • A: 哦,是银行。你知道中国最早的银行是什么时候出现的吗?你想知道它是什么样儿的吗?进了这家银行你就知道答案啦――日升昌票号。平遥曾经是中国的金融中心,清朝时,全国有51家银行,其中22家就在平遥,其中,位于南大街105号的日升昌票号是最著名的。

  • B: 了不起!

Dialogue 2
Dialogue 2

  • a. Listen to Dialogue One and decide whether each of the following sentences is true (T) or false (F).

  • 1. T The complex of Rishengchang Exchange Shop is of great value.

  • 2. F The bank continues to thrive to this day.

  • 3. F Tongxinggong Armed Escort Company Museum is a Qing styled complex.

  • 4. T The armed escort firms played an important role in the development of Chinese commerce.

  • 5. T Jack is more interested in the Chinese architecture in Pingyao.

Dialogue 21
Dialogue 2

  • b. Listen to the dialogue and answer these questions.

  • 1. What happened to the bank one century ago?

  • The bank became bankrupt a century ago.

  • 2. Why was Rishengchang Exchange Shop very important?

  • Because it was the original bank in China.

  • 3. Why did the people establish the escort firm in Pingyao?

  • The business was prosperous in Shanxi Province during the mid 19th century. The merchants employed the services of professionally organized armed escorts to safeguard their property.

  • 4. What is Pingyao popular for?

  • Pingyao is popular for the ancient towns.

  • 5. Where is the Qiao’s Compound?

  • It is some 20 kilometers north of Pingyao.

Dialogue 22
Dialogue 2

  • c. Listen to the dialogue again and supply the missing words.

  • 1. This bank looks like a Chinese classic garden.

  • 2. Unfortunately, the bank became bankrupt a century ago.

  • 3. The banker must be an upstart.

  • 4. Why did the people establish the escort firm here?

  • 5. It is not far away from here, some 20 kilometers north of Pingyao.


  • 导游继续给杰克介绍平遥的银行业和保安公司――同兴公镖局。

  • B:哦,令人惊讶!这座银行看起来像是中国古代园林啊。我想这座建筑的价值应该远远大于银行的储蓄吧。这套建筑肯定值很多钱。

  • A:你说对了。可惜,这家银行在一百年前破产了。不管怎么说,这家票号还是非常重要的,因为它是中国银行的起源啊。

  • B:它的确是座中国风格宏伟的银行。那是什么店啊?真是座雅致、漂亮的房子。

  • A:实际上,那不是商店,而是家博物馆,称作同兴公镖局博物馆,是明朝风格的建筑。要了解镖局历史以及它在中国商业发展过程中所起的重要作用,这是最好的地方了。

  • B:人们为什么要在这里建镖局呢?

  • A:就像你们国家的保安公司吧,很多银行家都需要安保服务。19世纪中期,山西省的商业非常繁荣。商人雇请镖局为他们的财产提供职业的安保服务。

  • B:不过我对这个没什么兴趣。我想看看平遥的中国式建筑。听说平遥的这些古镇很受欢迎。

  • A:好的。那我就带你去看一家著名的大院――乔家大院吧。离这里不远,在平遥以北大概20公里。想去吗?

  • B:很乐意啊。


  • Gulangyu Island

Gulangyu island
Gulangyu Island

  • a. Answer the following questions according to the Passage.

  • 1. What is Gulangyu Island renowned for?

  • It is renowned for its delicate natural beauty, ancient relics and varied architecture and enjoys a laudatory tile “Garden on the Sea”.

  • 2. What are the factors that contribute to the atmosphere of a fairyland on Gulangyu Island?

  • The residents live in a relaxing, healthy and placid lifestyle; overlapping peaks foil the blue water, white clouds, green trees and bright flowers; the air is refreshing; free from noise and pollution, it is particularly quiet. All these render an atmosphere of a fairyland.

  • 3. Why is Gulangyu Island attractive for architecture students?

  • Gulangyu Island is filled with different architectural styles, making it a veritable “Architecture Museum”, which is attractive for architecture students.

Gulangyu island1
Gulangyu Island

  • b. Translate the expressions into Chinese or English.

  • 1. permanent residents 永久居民

  • 永久的幸福 permanent happiness

  • a permanent job 固定职业

  • 永久地址 permanent address

  • permanent assets 固定资产

  • 常设委员会 a permanent committee

  • five permanent members 5个为常任理事国

  • 永久性军事基地 a permanent military base

  • 2. delicate natural beauty 精致的自然美景

  • 精密的仪器 delicate instruments

  • a delicate violin passage 优雅的小提琴乐章

  • 精致的瓷器 delicate china

  • a critic‘s delicate perception 一个评论家敏锐的洞察力

  • 精细的手术 a delicate operation

  • delicate questions 微妙的问题

  • 精致的花边 delicate lace

Gulangyu island2
Gulangyu Island

  • 3. source of inspiration 灵感之源

  • 互相支持,互相鼓励 mutual support and inspiration

  • a fount of inspiration 灵感之源

  • 从大自然中获得灵感 draw inspiration from nature

  • have a sudden inspiration 灵机一动

  • 从......得到启示 get inspiration from

  • give the inspiration to 启发; 鼓舞

  • 从实验中得到启示 get inspiration from the experiment

  • 4. the cradle of musicians 音乐家的摇篮

  • 文明的发源地 cradle of civilization

  • in the cradle 在幼年时代; 在最初的时侯

  • 自幼, 自在襁褓时 from the cradle

  • stifle in the cradle 防患于未然

  • 从生到死 from the cradle to the grave

  • the cradle of the deep 海洋

  • 看着长大 watch over the cradle

Gulangyu island3
Gulangyu Island

  • c. Choose an appropriate word or phrase to fill in each blank to make each sentence meaningful, and change its form where necessary.

  • 1. My daughter likes to describe her fantastic dreams to me.

  • 2. I'm not a permanent employee; I'm working here on a fixed-term contract.

  • 3. The gift itself may be light as a goose feather, but sent from afar, it conveys deep feeling.

  • 4. It is dangerous to walk the back alley alone in the night.

  • 5. His fatness renders him unable to bend down.

  • 6. The river wanders through some beautiful country.

  • 7. The headmaster decided to make an example of the pupil and expel him from the school.

  • 8. The airplane ascended higher and higher.

  • 9. A sudden smile illuminated her face.

  • 10. Don't believe him; he is just boasting.

Gulangyu island4
Gulangyu Island

  • d. Translate the following sentences into English with words or phrases given in the brackets.

  • 1. 这座纪念碑是纪念为国牺牲的士兵而建立的。(in honor of)

  • The monument was erected in honor of the soldiers who died for the country.

  • 2. 这房间的几种颜色彼此不协调。(in harmony with)

  • The colors in the room aren't in harmony with each other.

  • 3. 我们从直升飞机上俯瞰到城镇全景。(a bird’s-eye view)

  • From the helicopter we obtained a bird’s-eye view of the town.

  • 4. 她是一位很有造诣的歌唱家。(accomplished)

  • She’s an accomplished singer.

  • 5. 从峰巅俯瞰,阿尔卑斯山壮丽的景色尽收眼底。(panorama)

  • From the summit there is a superb panorama of the Alps.

Writing on the way introduction
Writing On-the-way Introduction

  • On-the-way introduction is an important part of guiding service. It may take hours for tourists to arrive at the destination. A tour guide should try to arouse the interest of the tourists who may feel boring because of the long journey en route. So on-the-way introduction is one of the best ways to keep tourists in high spirits and aspiring for the tourist site. The following two aspects should be observed while making on-the-way introduction:

  • A general introduction of the destination so as to create a good image or the mental picture in the mind of tourists.

  • Briefly introduce the location, distance and the expected arrival time of the destination.

  • Describe the cities or scenic spots en route when tourists pass.

  • Briefly explain the travel schedule for the present day or the next day upon arrival.

On the way introduction
On-the-way Introduction

  • Writing Practice

  • Make an on-the-way introduction to a scenic spot which you are familiar with.

  • Suggested answer:

    Impressive Li River Trip

  • (the second section: from Ox Gorge to Water-Dropping Village)

  • Ladies and gentlemen, in the first section of our impressive Li River trip we have enjoyed Elephant-Trunk Hill, Rooster Fighting Hill, Pagoda Hill, Forest of Odd Shaped Peaks, Daxu Ancient Town, and Ox Gorge.

  • Now, let’s begin our the second section, which is from Ox Gorge to Water-Dropping Village. Many charming sceneries are awaiting you

  • Look, what name will you give to that hill? Crown? Good! A crown-like crag earns the hill its name. What makes the hill a worthy stop for both river cruise tourists and those arrive from Guilin City by bus tour is its twelve kilometer long water-eroded cave. It is a wonderland of various stalactite, stone pillars and rock formations in the cave.

  • Not very far from the Crown Cave on the western bank, a huge rock descends into the river and cuts off a footpath by the water edge. Villagers have to take a ferry to reach the other side and continue the way. So, this spot gets its name Half-Side Ferry (for usually ferry means to transport people by boat across a body of water and reach the opposite bank)

On the way introduction1
On-the-way Introduction

  • Down stream from Yangdi to Xingping, the river passes an endless procession of distinct peaks and bamboo groves and the stunning landscape. This part is the highlight of the cruise. Pinnacled peaks pop up and surprise visitors at each bend of the river. Water buffalos patrol on the fields; ducks paddle in the waters; peasants reap paddies in front of village houses; fishermen use the cormorants to catch the fish and return them to the boat and kids go home singing songs. All these create an idyllic and beautiful scene of the life removed from concrete cities.

  • A reputed attraction is Mural Hill, a 100-meter-high cliff face, which has been weathered and has stratified rock surface in various shades of colors. It is rumored that the colors present nine horses and a person who can identify them out is considered smart. Are you smart enough? How many horses can you find? Now have a try!

  • Fisherman and their cormorants are also attractions along the Li River. Cormorants are good sized birds who enjoy diving underwater in search of fish. When the birds catch a fish they return to the boat and the fisherman removes the fish from their throat and places it in the basket. The secret is that the fisherman places a cord around the bird's neck to keep the bird from swallowing the fish.

  • Can you see buffalos gazing along the river bank or patrolling on the fields? They seem to be indispensable friends of peasants, especially for kids.

On the way introduction2
On-the-way Introduction

  • Boating downstream southward from the Mural Hill about 500 meters, peaks become steep and the river become wide and quiet. A huge yellow flagstone lying under the limpid waters can easily be seen. It is like a cloth piece and people called it Yellow Cloth Shoal. There are seven green peaks standing nearby. A legend goes that the seven peaks are fairy girls from the heaven who took baths in the river. Enthralled by the charming scene, they stayed here and become into the peaks. With verdant bamboos, the green peaks under the blue sky reflected on the quiet waters create a spectacular scene. Sometimes, people doubt they see boats floating on hill tops. Many Chinese paintings and poems present this charming scene and tourists run out of their films for it.

  • The river takes a big turn at Xingping and endowed with beautiful and poetic scenery. It has been reproduced in many Chinese landscape paintings. Even the newly-issued 20 RMB note has the scenery on its back. A photographer once said: “Shots from any perspective for this place turn to be impressive and stunning”.

  • A village on the river bank is worthy a visit. Chinese call it a village because of the fact that nowadays it is inhabited by villagers. Actually, it is an age-old castle complex survived from over 500 years ago. Although some courtyard buildings have weathered through ages, the simple but elegant flying-eaves, roofs with colorful paintings, lattice windows and unique timber structures present the folk residence from the Ming and Qing Dynasties. The villagers have the same surname of Zhao, so it is rumored that they are descendents of the imperial family in the Song Dynasty. Both Dr. Sun Yet-sun, the pioneer of China's democratic revolution and US president Colinton paid a visit to the village on their visits to Li River. The third section of our impressive Li River trip goes from Water-Dropping Village to Yangshuo where you can see Snail Hill, Green Lotus Peak (Bilian Peak), and Schoolboy Hill (Shutong Hill). The scenery is equally beautiful….