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Midway Design Review

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  1. Midway Design Review Multispectral Camera System Advisor: Prof. Mario Parente Team Parente #13 Simon Belkin Audrey C. Finken Matthew Walczak

  2. Presentation Overview • PDR Feedback • Refined Application • Constructing Camera System • Testing Components • Budget • Updated Timeline • Demo • Deliverables for CDR

  3. PDR Feedback • Get a precision enclosure for camera system. • Determine an application for our camera system. • Check the web for connections of camera to the filter wheel assembly. • Get into the lab.

  4. PDR Feedback - solutions • An enclosure system was not needed. C-Mount adapters provided a completely enclosed optical path. • Refined application of camera system: Agriculture imaging. • Utilized internet research in all aspects of multispectral camera design. • Utilized lab space for system integration.

  5. Refined Application – Potential Uses • Determine crop conditions. • Visualize stress & yield improvement. • Grain evaluation & sorting. • Evaluate forest canopy and soil conditions. • Vegetation and vineyard analysis. • Weed infestation & disease detection.

  6. Building the System – Camera

  7. Building the System – Camera Issue

  8. Building the System – Ray Tracing

  9. Camera & Lens Demo Resistor Image Captured; Notice Extreme Magnification Camera System with Resistor in Position to Image

  10. Camera & Lens Demo Tip of a Small Screwdriver Showing Magnification Our Lens and Tube System. Tubes Lead to Magnification

  11. Filter Wheel • We did testing on the filters provided to us. Through the use of a spectrometer, dark room, and a white light source, we were able to identify the different wavelength spectrums of these filters. • The graphs produced by the spectroscopic software shows the wavelength ranges of the filters.

  12. Filters Filter wavelength: 440-455nm Filter wavelength: 505-525nm

  13. Filters Cont. Filter wavelength: Clear filter Filter wavelength: 420-440nm

  14. Building the System – Stepper Motor • Our stepper motor consists of a 2 stationary coils and these are turned on and pull a rotary magnet towards the coil. This action turns a shaft.  • But you must turn the coils on and off at the right moment to create rotary movement. This requires an external circuit consisting of pulses and these pulses must contain voltage and current to deliver energy to the stepper motor. 

  15. Test and Evaluation Stepper Motor Hall Effect Sensor (not in used) Pin-Out

  16. Basic Test for Stepper Motor • This was a basic test to check that the Stepper motor work. By turning the motor manually we provided feedback voltage which lit the LEDs. • Similarly we used a Back EMF test in which you short two leads together and if the motor was difficult to move the connections were from the same phase.

  17. Issues with Filter/Stepper Motor • The main issue with the Filter wheel was the stepper motor. • We tried using different ways to excite the stepper motor to get it to turn however, we were unsuccessful. • We have prove through different methods the pin out and that the stepper motor is functional.

  18. Additional Testing • As an alternate we tried using a Arduino for testing purposes. Having found possible set ups for a 4 wire stepper motor we tried basic code that would excite one pin at a time while setting the other to low to test our stepper motor. • This however also proved inconclusive.

  19. Using Various Arduino Code to Test • As an alternate we also tried using an L298 as recommended by some sources we found. This device would act as H-Bridge (a circuit that enables a voltage to be a applied across a load in either direction). Similarly without result. • Another group also recommended using a ULN2803A Darlington Array (which takes current amplified by the first transistor is amplified further by the second one) with a basic Arduino code. Similarly with out results.

  20. Building the System – Raspberry Pi • Credit size Linux machine • SD card for storage • Ethernet Port • General Programming Input Output • To control stepper motor • Low cost

  21. Control of the Stepper motor using RPi • Coding on RPi • python • Use of a stepper driver • EasyDriver stepper from SparkFun • to prevent damage to filter wheel due to high current supplied from the RPi. • Allow an easier control of stepping

  22. Image of connections 5V

  23. Issues with Microcontroller • RPi • Arrival of stepper driver caused delay • Misconnection of RPi • Switched to Arduino board • Stepper motor didn’t turn • Couldn’t pinpoint source of error

  24. Building the System – Issues found • Requested parts had been delayed in the ordering process. (Set us back in time). • Optical path needed more components to correct an issue. (Set us back in time and money). • Connections – can’t connect to monitors in SDP lab • Filter wheel and stepper motor driver issue.

  25. Analysis of Project progress • Have all the components for the optics. Integrate system is in progress. • Control of the filter wheel turning with and without Rpi • Camera is able to work on the RPi

  26. MDR goals • Control of filter wheel motor • Integrate the system • In progress just missing an equipment • Camera able to take pictures

  27. Budget

  28. Filters We Have and Need • 1) 420-440nm {‘filter 6’} • 2) 440-455nm {‘filter 2’} • 3) 510-520nm {‘filter 5’} • 4) 400-650nm {‘IR-Cut filter’} • 5) Need additional in range 450-510nm • 6) Need additional filters in range of 700-1000nm

  29. Deliverables for CDR • Have the system built and be able to take pictures • We would have a solution to deal with aberrations • Full control of stepper motor

  30. Updated Timeline

  31. Conclusion We spent a lot of time researching and gathering info this semester and we also encountered difficulties and delays that prevented us from meeting our MDR goals. But we have learned from our experience/mistakes and will be better prepared next semester and meet our set goals.

  32. Thank you for your Time! – Questions?