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Diffusion & Osmosis. Diffusion. The movement of molecules from an area in which they are highly concentrated to an area in which they are less concentrated. Diffusion. Osmosis. The diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane . Osmosis is a type of Passive Transport.

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Presentation Transcript
diffusion
Diffusion

The movement of molecules from an area in which they are highly concentrated to an area in which they are less concentrated.

osmosis
Osmosis
  • The diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane.
  • Osmosis is a type of Passive Transport.
  • Osmosis requires NO ENERGY.
slide5

Osmosis

  • Hypertonic- a solution that causes a cell to shrink because of Osmosis.
  • Hypotonic- a solution that causes a cell to swell because of Osmosis.
  • Isotonic- a solution that causes no change in the size of the cell
osmosis6
Osmosis
  • In this picture a red blood cell is put in a glass of distilled water. Because there is a higher concentration of water outside the cell, water enters the cell by OSMOSIS.  In this case too much water enters and the cell swells to the point of bursting open. 
selectively permeable
Selectively Permeable
  • A membrane that allows only certain materials to cross it
  • Materials pass through pores in the membrane
summary
Summary
  • Diffusion is the movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to an area of lesser concentration.
  • Osmosis is the movement of water thru a semi permeable membrane.
  • Active transport requires energy. (molecules move from an area of lesser to higher concentration)
  • Passive transport needs NO ENERGY! (molecules move from an area of higher to lesser concentration).
why are osmosis diffusion important
Why are osmosis & diffusion important?
  • All living things have certain requirements they must satisfy in order to remain alive – maintain homeostasis
  • These include exchanging gases (usually CO2 and O2), taking in water, minerals, and food, and eliminating wastes.
  • These tasks happen at the cellular level.
  • Molecules move through the cell membrane by diffusion
  • A balance, or EQUILIBRIUM, must be maintained.