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Pennsylvania Department of Education Bureau of Special Education Section 504 Training. Jean B. Inskip July 30, 2014. Let’s Get Started!. How do I respond? Physician’s diagnosis requires a Section 504 service agreement Exited from special education requires a Section 504 service agreement

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pennsylvania department of education bureau of special education section 504 training

Pennsylvania Department of EducationBureau of Special Education Section 504 Training

Jean B. Inskip

July 30, 2014

let s get started
Let’s Get Started!
  • How do I respond?
    • Physician’s diagnosis requires a Section 504 service agreement
    • Exited from special education requires a Section 504 service agreement
    • Parent withdraws consent for special education required a Section 504 service agreement
    • Parent disagreement with a Section 504 evaluation requires an independent educational evaluation at public expense
    • Parent elects not to attend the Section 504 meeting requires rescheduling the meeting at parental convenience.
the acts federal
The ActsFederal
  • Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
  • Title II of The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA)
  • The Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act of 2008 (ADAAA)
  • IDEA
the regulations state
The RegulationsState
  • Pennsylvania School Code of 1949
  • Pennsylvania Nurse Practice Act
  • Pennsylvania Practical Nurse Act
  • Department of Health Guidelines Regarding Administration of Medications (22 Pa Code, 12.41 Student Services)
  • Chapter 15
what is section 504
What is Section 504?

Section 504 is a part of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 that prohibits discrimination based upon disability. Section 504 is an anti-discrimination, civil rights statute that requires the needs of students with disabilities to be met as adequately as the needs of the non-disabled.

what do the regulations say
What do the regulations say?
  • Local Educational Agencies (School District and Charter Schools)that receiving federal financial assistance must comply with the implementation regulations at 34 CFR Part 104.
  • “No qualified handicapped person shall, on the basis of handicap, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or otherwise be subjected to discrimination under any program of activity which receives Federal financial assistance. 34 C.F.R. §104.4(a)].
who is covered under section 504
Who is covered under Section 504?
  • To be covered under Section 504, a student must be a “qualified” handicapped person as per state and federal law, and must have a disability) [34 C.F.R. §104.3(k)(2)]
3 pronged guideline
3 Pronged Guideline
  • Definition of disability
    • Prong 3 broken into three parts
      • Physical or mental impairment
      • Substantially limits
      • Major life activity
title ii of the amendments act of 2008
Title II ofThe Amendments Act of 2008
  • Congress directed that the definition of a disability be “construed broadly and that the determination of whether an individual has a disability should not demand extensive analysis”
title ii of the amendments act of 20081
Title II ofThe Amendments Act of 2008

Significant Changes to K-12 Section 504

  • Expansion of Major Life Activities
  • Treatment of impairment if it is episodic or in remission
  • Mitigating measures rule
  • New definition of Substantial Limitation
what is a major life activity
What is a “major life activity”?
  • Reading*
  • Seeing
  • Sleeping
  • Speaking*
  • Standing
  • Thinking
  • Walking
  • Working

* Added in ADA Amendments of 2008

  • Bending
  • Breathing
  • Caring for one’s self
  • Communicating*
  • Concentrating*
  • Eating
  • Hearing
  • Learning
  • Lifting
  • Performing manual tasks

Major life activities shall include:

The operation of major bodily functions

  • Bladder
  • Bowel
  • Brain
  • Circulatory
  • Digestive
  • Endocrine
  • Immune system
  • Neurological
  • Normal cell growth
  • Respiratory
  • Reproductive functions
episodic or in remission
Episodic or in Remission
  • ADAAA says, “An impairment that is episodic or in remission is a disability if it would substantially limit a major life activity when active.”

seasonal allergies


seizure disorder

mitigating measures
Mitigating Measures

What are they?

  • Something that limits the impact of the impairment
  • Something usually provided by the parent
  • Something that a student must use in the school setting

i.e. medication, equipment, materials

what about these
What about these?
  • Temporary disability–an impairment of less than 6 months
  • Health Plans-mitigating measures?
  • Impairments that consistently meet the criteria for a Section 504?
substantial limits
Substantial Limits
  • Definition:

“…Significantly restricted as to the condition manner or duration under which an individual can perform a particular major life activity as compared to the condition, manner , or duration under which the average person in the general population can perform in the same major life activity….”

evaluations parent initiated
EvaluationsParent Initiated
  • Request including
    • Child should be identified as a protected handicapped student, no longer be, request a modification
    • Include relevant medical records
    • Reasons why
    • Related aids, services, or accommodations requested
    • Specific modifications
evaluation timeline parent initiated
Evaluation TimelineParent Initiated
  • The district shall within 25 school days
    • Send written response
    • Native language
    • Mode of communication
    • Request granted/denied
    • Denied/notice to parents
    • Right to meet with school officials
    • Procedural safeguards
evaluations district initiated
EvaluationsDistrict Initiated
  • Request for consent sent in writing
  • Identify the procedures and types of tests
  • Inform parents of their rights
what is required for an evaluation
What is Required for an Evaluation?
  • The district should
    • Establish standards and procedures for the evaluation and placement, including
      • Tests and other evaluation material
      • Information from a variety of sources including aptitude and achievement tests, teacher recommendations, physical condition, social or cultural background and adaptive behavior
      • Medical reports related to physical/mental impairment
      • Parent information
must haves
Must haves

District should have

  • policies and procedures
  • current and updated forms
  • a Section 504 coordinator who is up-to-date
  • informative sessions with teachers and staff
must haves con t
Must Haves, con’t

Evaluations: District should

  • receive written parental consent
  • provide the parent with procedural safe guards
  • establish a group of persons who know the child
  • look at a “variety of sources”
  • native language, if necessary
what about reevaluations
What about Reevaluations?
  • Procedures should include provisions for periodic reevaluations of students
  • No timeline for conducting reevaluations is included in law
  • BUT suggested-”…procedure consistent with the Education for the Handicapped Act is one means of meeting this requirement.”
what about a student who has a disability but does not need related services
What about a student who has a disability but does not need related services?
  • District must conduct an evaluation
  • Neither the Amendments Act or Section 504 obligates a district to provide aids that the student does not need
  • The student is still a student with a disability
the service agreement
The Service Agreement
  • 22 PA Code Chapter 15-15.7
    • In writing-no oral agreements
    • Beginning date-ending date-modification date
    • Related aids, services accommodations
  • BEC Implementation of Chapter 15
    • Identifies the duties of the LEA
    • Sample forms
more service agreement
More Service Agreement
  • Both the LEA and the parents must sign off on the agreement plan
  • Reevaluations may be conducted “consistent with the Education for the Handicapped Act …” as a way of meeting this requirement.
what is not required
What is NOT Required
  • Parent’s consent is required for the initial evaluation but not for the reevaluation.
  • Section 504 does not require that the evaluation be conducted by a team but by a group of persons knowledgeable about the child, evaluation data, and placement options.
  • Section 504 gives no statement regarding a group meeting to determine disability or placement however does require that a group of persons make the placement decisions.
parental revocation of consent for special education services
Parental Revocation of Consent for Special Education Services
  • 34 CFR 300.300(b)(4) A parent may revoke consent in writing for his or her child’s receipt of special education services after the parents’ child was initially provided special education and related services…..”
  • A student is not entitled to a Section 504/Chapter 15 service agreement for services, accommodations or modifications if parents revoke consent for special education programs and services.
parents and district disagree
Parents and District Disagree
  • Either party can use procedural safeguards to resolve dispute
    • File a written request for assistance
    • Department will investigate and respond with in 60 calendar days
    • Informal conference within 10 school days
    • Formal due process hearing
independent evaluations
Independent Evaluations
  • Under Section 504
  • Districts are not required to fund independent evaluations

OCR indicated…Districts should consider independent evaluations provided by parents when interpreting evaluation data. “The results of an outside independent evaluation may be one of many sources to consider. Multi-disciplinary * committees must draw from a variety of sources in the evaluation process so that the possibility of error is minimized.”

*Group of persons…..

hot topics
Hot Topics
  • Issues with service dogs
  • Increased role of the school nurse
  • Increased needs for training, communications and policies
  • Rethinking eligibility i.e. mitigating measures
  • Pennsylvania Guidelines for Management of Food Allergies
service animal
Service Animal
  • A dog trained to do work or perform tasks for the benefit of an individual with a disability.

Only can ask two questions

  • What is the specific task that the dog will do?
  • Is the dog necessary?
role of the school nurse
Role of the School Nurse
  • Invite them to be a member of the group that determines disability and service agreement
  • Make sure there are procedures on administering medications
  • Be careful in the delegation of duties
communications and policies
Communications and Policies
  • Complicated plans lead to comprehensive communications
  • Stakeholders should be
    • Aware of procedures
    • Trained as necessary
    • Familiar with the service agreement
rethink eligibility
Rethink Eligibility

Review the information from ADA Amendments Act of 2008

Understand your child find requirements

Make sure parents are aware of their rights

the forms
The Forms
  • District-Initiated Evaluation As a ADA Protected Disabled Student
  • Annual Notice to Parents
  • Procedural Safeguards
  • Service Agreement
questions and answers
Questions and Answers

Jean B. Inskip