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Religion and Volunteering. Marc A. Musick The University of Texas at Austin. World Values Survey, 1999-2001. Adults aged 18+ in 60 countries Response rates range from 25% to 95% Several countries used here Canada Germany Spain United States. Unpaid Voluntary Work - Service.

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Religion and Volunteering

Marc A. Musick

The University of Texas at Austin


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World Values Survey, 1999-2001

  • Adults aged 18+ in 60 countries

  • Response rates range from 25% to 95%

  • Several countries used here

    • Canada

    • Germany

    • Spain

    • United States


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Unpaid Voluntary Work - Service

  • Social welfare service for elderly and others

  • Education, arts, music, or cultural activities

  • Youth work

  • Sports or recreation

  • Voluntary organizations concerned with health


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Unpaid Voluntary Work - Activism

  • Labor unions

  • Political parties or groups

  • Local community action

  • Third world development or human rights

  • Conservation, environment, animal rights

  • Professional associations

  • Women’s groups

  • Peace movement






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Explanations

  • Values

  • Opportunity structures

  • Role modeling


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Values

  • Religious traditions teach values consistent with helping others

  • Regular attendance reinforces values

    • Religious messages

    • Fellowship with fellow believers


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Friend, if you want to experience a new level of God’s joy, if you want Him to pour out His blessing and favor in your life, then you’re going to have to get your mind off yourself. You must learn to be a giver and not a taker…We were not made to function as self-involved people, thinking only of ourselves. No, God created us to be givers.

Joel Osteen

Your Best Life Now


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True happiness is found in unselfish love, a love which increases in proportion as it is shared… Infinite sharing is the law of God’s inner life. He has made the sharing of ourselves the law of our own being, so that it is in loving others that we best love ourselves. In disinterested activity we best fulfill our own capacities to act and to be.

Thomas Merton

No Man is an Island


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To be able under all circumstances to practice five things constitutes perfect virtue; these five things are gravity, generosity of soul, sincerity, earnestness and kindness.

Confucius

The best way to find yourself is to lose yourself in the service of others.

Mahatma Gandhi


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Volunteering and Compassion constitutes perfect virtue; these five things are gravity, generosity of soul, sincerity, earnestness and kindness.


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Opportunity Structures constitutes perfect virtue; these five things are gravity, generosity of soul, sincerity, earnestness and kindness.

  • Various volunteering opportunities available in the church

  • Exposure to fellow congregants provides other opportunities to volunteer


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Religious Volunteering Tasks constitutes perfect virtue; these five things are gravity, generosity of soul, sincerity, earnestness and kindness.


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Asked to Volunteer constitutes perfect virtue; these five things are gravity, generosity of soul, sincerity, earnestness and kindness.


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Role Modeling constitutes perfect virtue; these five things are gravity, generosity of soul, sincerity, earnestness and kindness.

  • People look to others for examples of behavior

  • Referents are people who are generally respected or upheld in the community

  • Churches often serve as a source of referents


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Important to Others constitutes perfect virtue; these five things are gravity, generosity of soul, sincerity, earnestness and kindness.


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Conclusions constitutes perfect virtue; these five things are gravity, generosity of soul, sincerity, earnestness and kindness.

  • Adults who attend services more often

    • More likely to volunteer in the US

    • More likely to volunteer outside of the US

    • Effects are weaker for secular volunteering forms

    • Exact mechanism is unclear and is likely a combination of factors


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