ethnicity race and immigration in the us n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Ethnicity, Race and Immigration in the US PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Ethnicity, Race and Immigration in the US

Ethnicity, Race and Immigration in the US

180 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

Ethnicity, Race and Immigration in the US

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Ethnicity, Race and Immigration in the US

  2. Changing ethnic composition of new immigrant populations • The Classic era: 1901-1930 • Shifting from Northern Europeans to Southern and Eastern Europeans • 1924 National Origins Act • Total immigration 18,638,000 79.6% from Europe, 16.2% from Americas • New Regime beginning in 1971 • Dramatic shift away from European immigration and toward America’s

  3. End of European Immigration and Beginning of New Regime • Tools for understanding immigration: Push/Pull factors • End of classical era and the end of World War II • Marshall Plan • Cold War • Economic growth in Europe • Beginning of new regime: growth of Asian Immigration • Aftermath of Vietnam War and Asian Immigration

  4. Economic growth in the US and labor demands • Post War boom in US required a large labor pool. • No quotas on Latin American immigration until 1965 • Amendments to Immigration and Nationality Act • Most of US labor demands following World War II met by Latin Americans.

  5. Factors Affecting Assimilation • Stratified Economy • Limited upward mobility • No generation hiatus • Language similarities of new immigrants • Enclaves of immigration • Chain migration

  6. Race and Ethnicity • Race: a socially constructed marker of difference • Race in the US: a form of group identification • Why do we think in terms of race and not class? • Ethnicity: Cultural counterpart to race. Group identification in terms of language, religion, family structure, diet….

  7. Break Time!!!! Be back in 5 minutes

  8. Current Debates about Immigration • Blaming social problems on immigrates, particularly illegal immigrants, has become a powerful political tool. • Tom Tancredo, representation from Colorado Springs • What are the common complaints against illegal immigrants?

  9. Complaints refuted • Drive down wages of Native born Americans? • Minimum wage is set by government, this level is political not economic • Illegal immigrants do not complete with Native born Americans for jobs. • Costing Taxpayers money? • Illegal immigrants pay taxes and use few government services • they pay social security that they can never use: extremely important as baby boomer generation ages. • Terrorism? • Illegal immigrants have not been responsible for a terrorist attack in America

  10. If commonly cited complaints are unfounded, why is there so much resistance to immigration? • Immigration has become deeply political in US • Politicians can use immigration as a way of diverting attention away from growing class differences in the US. • Play on entrenched racist and xenophobic tendencies among Americans. • Rarely is immigration looked at in the context of US policies creating push factors in Latin America: NAFTA and agriculture

  11. Economics of Undocumented Labor Force • Labeling and Power • Okies and illegals • Keeping people in undocumented status allows American businesses to lower costs of production • Keep wages down • Deny benefits • Job insecurity and a highly compliant workforce

  12. Conclusion • Though common complaints against immigration are not supported with evidence, immigration has become a deeply political issue. • This benefits politicians and business owners • Reinforces ethnic and racial differences in the US • Prevents the rise of a collective class consciousness