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Distance and Displacement,. Questions for Consideration. What is frame of reference? What is distance? How is displacement different from distance?. Frame of Reference. Coordinate frame within which to measure position, motion, or other properties of an object. OR...

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questions for consideration
Questions for Consideration
  • What is frame of reference?
  • What is distance?
  • How is displacement different from distance?
frame of reference
Frame of Reference
  • Coordinate frame within which to measure position, motion, or other properties of an object.
  • OR...
  • Observational frame tied to the motion of an observer.
  • In Newtonian physics, all motion must be defined in terms of a reference frame.
  • Relative Motion
reference frame
Reference Frame
  • Is the speed of the ball different relative to the pitcher, the truck driver, and the jet pilot? Why or why not?
distance

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Distance
  • Distance (d) – how far an object actually travels after leaving its POINT of ORIGIN.
    • Does not depend on direction.
  • Imagine an ant crawling along a ruler.
  • What distance did the ant travel?
    • d = 3 cm
distance1

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Distance
  • Distance does not depend on direction.
  • Here’s our intrepid ant explorer again.
  • Now what distance did the ant travel?
    • d = 3 cm
  • Does his direction change the answer?
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Distance
  • Distance does not depend on direction.
  • Let’s follow the ant again.
  • What distance did the ant walk this time?
  • d = 7 cm
displacement
Displacement
  • Displacement (x) – difference between an object’s final position and its starting position or POINT of ORIGIN.
    • Does depend on direction.
  • Displacement = final position – initial position
  • x = xfinal – xinitial
  • In order to define displacement, we need directions.
  • Examples of directions:
    • + and –
    • N, S, E, W
    • Angles
displacement vs distance
Displacement vs. Distance
  • Example of distance:
    • The ant walked 3 cm.
  • Example of displacement:
    • The ant walked 3 cm EAST.
  • An object’s distance traveled and its displacement aren’t always the same!
displacement1

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Displacement
  • Let’s revisit our ant, and this time we’ll find his displacement.
  • Distance: 3 cm
  • Displacement: +3 cm
    • The positive gives the ant a direction!
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Displacement
  • Find the ant’s displacement again.
    • Remember, displacement has direction!
  • Distance: 3 cm
  • Displacement: -3 cm
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Displacement
  • Find the distance and displacement of the ant.
  • Distance: 7 cm
  • Displacement: +3 cm
displacement vs distance1
Displacement vs. Distance
  • An athlete runs around a track that is 100 meters long three times, then stops.
    • What is the athlete’s distance and displacement?
  • Distance = 300 m
  • Displacement = 0 m
  • Why?
dis city
Dis-City
  • Create a rectangular city with four roads.
    • Opposite streets should be the same length(km)
  • Create at least eight buildings with names.
  • Add distances between each building spaced around your road.
  • Add direction
  • Create 2 questions per person.
    • Each should have answers for distance and displacemen.t
    • At least one question should have Pythagorean theorem.
slide15

Switch Cities and questions with another group and solve.

  • Groups come together and review questions.
  • Any questions for the quiz.
scalar and vector quantities
Scalar and Vector Quantities
  • Scalar Quantity – has magnitude but not direction.
    • Distance and speed are scalar quantities.
  • Vector Quantity – has magnitude and direction.
    • Displacement and velocity are vector quantities.
essential question
Essential Question
  • What is speed?
  • What is velocity?
  • What are scalar and vector quantities?
speed
Speed
  • Speed (s) – Rate at which an object is moving.
  • speed = distance / time
  • s = d/t
  • Like distance, speed does not depend on direction.
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Speed
  • A car drives 100 meters in 5 seconds.
  • What is the car’s average speed?
    • s = d/t
    • s = (100 m) / (5 s) = 20 m/s

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Speed
  • A rocket is traveling at 10 km/s. How long does it take the rocket to travel 30 km?
speed3
Speed
  • A racecar is traveling at 85.0 m/s. How far does the car travel in 30.0 s?
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Speed
  • Since the negative implies direction and speed does not assign direction, speed can only be positive or zero.
velocity
Velocity
  • Velocity (v) = speed with direction.
  • velocity = displacement / time
  • v = d / t
pulling it all together

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Pulling It All Together
  • Back to our ant explorer!
    • Distance traveled: 7 cm
    • Displacement: +3 cm
    • Average speed: (7 cm) / (5 s) = 1.4 cm/s
    • Average velocity: (+3 cm) / (5 s) = +0.6 cm/s

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