Gambling on Campus An Emerging Issue
The Bigger Issue • Gambling is available to our students 24 hours a days a week. • Easy access into credit cards + bank accounts • Student Loan Money • All NEOCUHO have State Lotteries • 11 Legal Casinos in NEOCUHO’s area • 6 Canadian Casinos within a days drive from most locations • Over $60 billion wagered online in 2006
The Bigger IssueDo Our Students Gamble? • McGill Center for Youth Gambling and High Risk Behaviors • Studies report gambling participation rates in college students ranging between 65%-74% • 69% of NCAA male athletes and 47% of female athletes report participation in gambling activities. • Popularity among college age men • 12.5% gamble weekly Annenberg Public Policy Report 2005 • % doubled in 1 year • Nearly 10% of all college men are at risk or pathological gambling addiction (McGill, 2006) • 26% of men gamble in online card games at least once a month and 4% once a week or more (Marotta & Hausotter, 2006)
The Bigger Issue: The R.I.T. Student • 229 students participated in an online survey in March of 2007 • 31% played Texas Hold’em or other card games for money, 2 % said several times a week • 8.3% played Texas Hold’em or other card games for money online, almost 2.6% played daily • 14% wagered on college or professional sports, less than 3% wagered several times per month • 26% played lotto or other state games, 3% played several times per month.
The Bigger Issue So is it a Fad? • 2 of the 5 subjects in Click Click say they quit online poker because they got board with it • 2 of the 5 say that if the Internet disappeared today they would either go to a casino tonight or call every friend they knew looking for a game • All started playing for money online since entering college, none have played more than 2 years online, most 1 year.
The Bigger Issue The Canisius College Student • 3 displayed characteristics of problem gamblers • Texas Hold’em is game of choice • 3 wagered less than $20 per session • 2 wagered between $150-$300 a night ($300 was an acceptable loss of money in one sitting) • Small Qualitative Study: How does this affect us? • Real Students, real stories, real tragedy
Cable Television’s Dirty Secret • Media Influence • All five of the subject in Click Click stated that Texas Hold’em was their number one choice, two stated, “it’s the one on TV the most” • Random Sample of ESPN’s three main channels (ESPN, ESPN2, ESPNClassic) from Wed. 3pm - Thurs. 3am • 36 total hours of programming • 7 hours of Poker shows • 4 ½ hours of Sports Center • 3 hours of Racing • 2 hours of Baseball • 1 hour of NFL, NCAA Men’s Volleyball, MLS Soccer and American Gladiators, GO NITRO! • ESPN: Our Nation’s Sports Leader devotes 20% of its Programming on a random Weeknight to Poker (http://sports.espn.go.com/espntv/espnGuide)
Cable Television’s Dirty Secret • Random 24 period of television programming • 28 individual poker programs on major cable networks • 17 showing on an ESPN network • 10 showing on a FOX network • 1 showing on the Game Show Network • 38 total programs nation wide Information from pokerTVguide.com Why is there a pokerTVguide.com in the first place?
Cable Television’s Dirty Secret • Advertisements for .net poker sites sponsored by .com poker sites. • How Gamma for his Bank Roll back • Internet gambling grosses $12 Billion in 2006 (Zuckerbrod, USA Today, 2006) • Young men are the #1 demographic for Sports Television
Will “We” be ready for Them? • Adolescents are beginning to participate in gambling activities at younger ages, a recent study reports 10-12 years as the age of initial onset (McGill) • Studies indicate that 40-68% of youth participate in gambling activities with their family members (McGill) • ESPN has broadcast the World Series of Poker extensively since 2003. (Wikipedia) • Cooperate sponsorship and viewer ratings continue to be strong.
Policy EstablishmentA look at the R.I.T. Policy Process • Major Institution Questions? • What does this cover? • Who does this impact? • Who enforces this? • Legal Questions • Verbiage? • “Zero Tolerance”
Policy EstablishmentA look at the R.I.T. Policy Process • Draft #1 • Gambling: for money or other items of value at R.I.T. or R.I.T. sponsored events is prohibited, except as permitted by law. Such prohibited activities include, but are not limited to the following: • Betting on, wagering or sports pools for any R.I.T. athletic event. • Soliciting or accepting a bribe to influence the outcome of any R.I.T. athletic event • R.I.T.-sponsored casino nights • R.I.T.-sponsored Poker tournaments • R.I.T.-sponsored trips to any known gambling facility • Bingo events and Raffles may be permitted with prior approval of the Center for Campus Life. Any event involving approved gambling activities must be registered through the Event Registration system (EVR); prevention and education materials and resources must be made available to all participants.
Policy EstablishmentA look at the R.I.T. Policy Process • Draft 5 • Gambling: Any activity in which a person bets or risks something of value, on a future outcome that is not within his or her control or influence, or a sporting event, or a game of skill or chance is gambling. • At R.I.T., gambling is strictly prohibited. R.I.T. recognized organization cannot host gambling events not host any trips to know gambling facilities. Under certain circumstances bingo events and raffles may be permitted, but only with the prior written approval of the Center for Campus Life and registration through the Events Registration system (EVR).
Policy EstablishmentA look at the R.I.T. Policy Process • R.I.T. Gambling Policy • Gambling: Possession of gambling devices, operation of lotteries and or the promotion of gambling is prohibited.
What Can We Do? • Short Term Goals • Research! • Stuart Brown’s Chapter in Gambling on Campus • Programs • Create and implement educational programming regarding Gambling • Choose alternative programs other than casino nights, poker tournaments, etc… • Feel the Pulse • Is gambling an issue? • Ask the student, the Resident Advisors, student leaders, disciplinary problems
What Can We Do? • Evaluate your Gambling Policy • Does it say what you want it too?
Questions? • Please pass up your Lotto Cards! • Thank you