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Bacillus A nthracis. By: Vishal Patel. Scientific Classification. Domain: Bacteria Phylum: Firmicutes Class: Bacilli Order: Bacillales Family: Bacillaceae Genus: Bacillus Species: B. anthracis. Structure . R od-shaped bacterium W idth of 1-1.2µm Length of 3-5µm.

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bacillus a nthracis

Bacillus Anthracis

By: Vishal Patel

scientific classification
Scientific Classification
  • Domain: Bacteria
  • Phylum: Firmicutes
  • Class: Bacilli
  • Order: Bacillales
  • Family: Bacillaceae
  • Genus: Bacillus
  • Species: B. anthracis
structure
Structure
  • Rod-shaped bacterium
  • Width of 1-1.2µm
  • Length of 3-5µm
characteristics
Characteristics
  • Gram-positive spore-forming
  • Aerobic or anaerobic conditions
history
History
  • CasimirDavaine discovered B. anthracis in sick people
  • AloysPollender credited
health related issues
Health-Related Issues
  • Three forms of anthrax disease
  • Cutaneous: the most common form (95%), causes a localized inflammatory black necrotic lesion (eschar)
  • Pulmonary: highly fatal and characterized by sudden massive chest edema followed by cardiovascular shock
  • Gastrointestinal: rare but also fatal (causes death to 25%) type results from ingestion of spores
treatments
Treatments
  • Treated with β-lactam antibiotics such as penicillin, and others which are active against Gram-positive bacteria
  • Penicillin-resistant B. anthracis can be treated with fluoroquinolones such as ciprofloxacin or tetracycline antibiotics such as doxycycline
works citied
Works Citied
  • http://www.websters-online-dictionary.org/definitions/Bacillus%20Anthracis?cx=partner-pub-0939450753529744%3Av0qd01-tdlq&cof=FORID%3A9&ie=UTF-8&q=Bacillus%20Anthracis&sa=Search#931
  • http://www.textbookofbacteriology.net/Anthrax.html
  • http://microbewiki.kenyon.edu/index.php/Bacillus_anthracis