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Extractive Industries Rent Distribution in Perú. Carlos Monge Revenue Watch Institute Latin America Regional Office London, March 2013. Diverse Mechanisms for Rent Management. Diverse Criteria for Rent Distribution. Canon Concept. History of Canon Legislation.

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Extractive Industries Rent Distribution in Perú


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extractive industries rent distribution in per

Extractive Industries RentDistribution in Perú

Carlos MongeRevenueWatchInstituteLatinAmerica Regional Office

London, March 2013

slide8

New ContributionsfromMining Sector

  • SpecialTax and SpecialContribution
  • Variable ratesdependingonoperativegain (incometaxdeductible)
  • Allpaymentsgoto central government
  • Lessincometax = lessresourcesfor sub nationalgovernments
resource concentrtion in few subnational governments
ResourceConcentrtion in FewSubnationalGovernments

6 municipalitiesconcentrate 12.6% of allmining canon resourcestransferedto local governments

*datos para el 2012

the 4 municipalities receiving the most canon resources have over 6 mil per c pita soles
The 4 municipalitiesreceivingthemost canon resourceshaveover 6 mil per cápita soles

*datos para el 2012

local impact of extractive investments and rent
Local Impact of ExtractiveInvestments and Rent

Limited Local Content

Cholo Disease

Extractiverentisinvested in physicalinfrastructure

Sub nationalgovernmentsincreasedailywagesan d distortthe local labourmarkets

Other more sustainable and more inclusive activities (such as agriculture) loosecapacityto compete

Extractivesgeneratedrent can makerenewable natural resourcesbasedproductiveactivitiesunsustainable

  • Largeextractiveinvestmentshirelittle local labour
  • Largeextractiveinvestmentsaquiresmallammounts of local goods and services
  • Rural populations compete withlargescaleinvestmentsforurbangoods and services
  • Largeextractiveinvestmentscoexistwith rural poverty and mightworsenit