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Exchange of good practice . Gender training material for pre-schools in Denmark Cecilie Nørgaard , Independent expert/Gender- and Educational Sociologist. Lithuania, 27.2.2013. http:// www.youtube.com / watch?v =iNgy5zDtW-s. Introduction The children's book The methodological material.

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exchange of good practice

Exchange of good practice

Gender training material for pre-schools in Denmark

Cecilie Nørgaard, Independent expert/Gender- and Educational Sociologist. Lithuania, 27.2.2013

key points

Gender is also constructed (sociocultural perspective)

  • Equal is not the same as one
  • More cultural accepted space for gender diversity
Key points
motivation goals

The project is based on the ideology that it is desirable to give girls and boys equal opportunities to develop their personal skills regardless of their biological sex.

  • To give children equal opportunities to choose what and with whom they want to play.
  • Adults must leave entrenched expectations of girls and boys and meet the child where the child are and also present the child to a wide range of possibilities to choose from.
  • The project wants to inspire educators and others working with children to integrate gender perspectives in their daily work – e.g. as part of the educational curricula.
Motivation & Goals
how to do the pedagogical and didactical instructions

Use stories from everyday life

  • Pick up stories using observations of children or colleagues
How to do?The pedagogical and didactical instructions
stories in everyday practice

Things/ Physicalities can be historical gendered

  • Rules can be gendered and standing in the way for gender equality
  • The physical environment can control gender practice
  • Activities can be historical gendered
  • Fairy tales and stories often contains stereotype gender norms
  • Structural gender norms also shows in language
Stories in everyday practice
the importance and impact of stories

Stories are important as part of the formation of the identity

  • More stories can create more possibilities for boys and girls
The importance and impact of stories
ask questions

Which stories are available to reflect in in the concrete pre-school?

  • What is considered as normal behaviour, and does this work restrictedly as compared to the children´s possibility to become who they are freed from gender-stereotyped perceptions?
  • How to change practice to get more possibilities for boys and girls for empathy and identification?
Ask questions
concrete questions

Does both girls and boys have the possibility for perceiving themselves as valuable participants and co-creators of a social and cultural community?

  • Does both girls and boys get encouraged to be active and to get involved in the community?
  • Which cultural offers can help boys and girls in seeing themselves multifaceted in becoming who they want to become?
Concrete questions
change practice

Note when a child does something which is not expectable due to their sex – and accept it and maybe appreciate it

  • Reflect upon your own practice – try alternative ways of being a role model for the children and expand your educational repertoire
  • Add gender and gender equality perspectives into the learning plans for the pre-school
Change practice
danish evaluation follow up study

Overall satisfaction with the materials

  • But the materials are not used that much and the way they were intended to
  • The practitioners have explanations & recommendations
Danish evaluation / Follow-up Study
practitioners recommendations

Create more material on gender and gender equality which can be used in daily work with the children

  • Due to the fact that it was difficult for a lot of the professionals in the pre-school to use the additional guide, it was recommended to include gender perspectives into the education of practitioners
Practitioners recommendations
the current situation practice is controled by a b iological gender approach

Boys and girls are often expected to have completely different needs, abilities, desires, dreams and challenges.

  • In the classroom the girls are paired with boys to keep them quiet
  • Children are divided by sex in activities
  • Boys are met with lower expectations of capacity for concentration and contemplation
The current situation:Practice is controled by a biologicalgender approach
gender diversity

“Girls’ brains are more different from each other, and boys the same – than boys and girls’ brains are different from each other”

(Gerlach (2011), Søndergaard m.fl. (2005))

Gender diversity
discussion

Does Lithuania need a program on gender equality in pre-school education?

  • What is the motivation?
  • What are the goals?
Discussion