Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
If you were applying for citizenship… • U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services • http://www.uscis.gov/portal/site/uscis • Would you be a citizen?
New Immigrants • “There will soon be larger towns than any the world has yet known.” • Frederick Law Olmsted - speaking to a Boston crown about the rapid growth of U.S. cities.
Old and New Immigrants • Old Immigrants (Before 1880) • Great Britain, Germany, Ireland, and Scandanavia • Protestant (except for Irish and some Germans) • New Immigrants (1880’s) • As many immigrants entered the U.S. in the 1880’s as had arrived in the years from 1820 to 1860. • Southern and Eastern Europe • Various religions
Coming to America • Why come to America? • Economic opportunity, religious and political asylum, adventure of a new life • How did people get here? • Cheap boat tickets in steerage
Ellis Island • On the East Coast, millions of immigrants came through! • Written tests, interviews, physical examinations Take a tour of Ellis Island!!! • On the West Coast, millions of Asian Immigrants entered through Angel Island!
Immigrant Life • Most immigrants settled in large cities • What was in large cities for these immigrants? • Work / economic opportunities • Other immigrants from same country
Where did Immigrants Live? • Tenements – poorly built, over-crowded apartments. • “I dreamed of the golden stairs leading to the top of the American palace where father was supposed to live. [I] went ‘home’ to… an ugly old tenement in the heart of the lower East Side. There were stairs to climb but they were not golden.” • New York Tenements
How did Immigrants adjust? • Formed benevolent societies • Aid organizations that offered help in cases of sickness, unemployment, or death • Adjusted to American culture • Language, customs, etc. • Does this happen today???
Immigrant workers • Many had previously been farmers • Why would it be difficult to be come a farmer when immigrating to a new country, specifically the East Coast of the United States? • Found factory jobs in American cities • What types of jobs would an unskilled, non English speaking person get?
Opposition to Immigration? • Why do people oppose immigration today?
Opposition to Immigration • Anti-immigrant feelings grew along with the rise in immigration in the late 1800’s. • Racial and religious prejudices • Felt that these new immigrants would not be able to assimilate to American culture well and become good citizens. • Taking jobs away from union members in the United States
Opposition to Immigration • Chinese Exclusion Act • 1882 • Banned Chinese people form immigrating to the United States for 10 years • Immigration Restriction League • 1894 • Demanded all immigrants prove they could read and write before entering the country
Homework… • What does it mean to be American? What defines us today as American?