Classical Empires. Alexander the Great Gupta India Han China Rome. Alexander’s Father. Philip II of Macedonia became king at the age of 23. Conquered Greece: Allowed for state control in local matters, but under the umbrella of Macedonia. Killed at his daughter’s wedding.
Alexander the Great
He moved into Egypt, a territory of Persia, and was welcomed as a liberator.
By 303 BCE the Mauryan Empire stretched for more than 2000 miles and pushed the last of the Greeks out of India and also united north India for the first time.
Southern India was different than the north. Some groups were matriarchal.
Large landowner did not have to pay taxes, so as their land holdings increased the amount of taxable land decreased which led to the need to raise taxes again.