Chapter 8 Fire Department S upport Functions - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Chapter 8 Fire Department S upport Functions

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Chapter 8 Fire Department S upport Functions

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  1. Chapter 8Fire Department Support Functions

  2. Introduction • Fire department operations can be divided into several areas, which can be further divided into those that are incident focused and those that are not • Not all personnel who work for the fire department respond to incidents • Without support functions, personnel in the fire stations would not have the equipment, training, and facilities they need to perform • Support personnel do not engage in firefighting

  3. Learning Objectives 1 through 3 • Support Functions • The Need, Duties, and Responsibilities • DISPATCH • Receives requests for emergency services • Alerts the station crew • Police may dispatch fire personnel in small department • Volunteers are issued pagers • Dispatcher may be firefighter or civilian

  4. Learning Objectives 1 through 3 • Support Functions • The Need, Duties, and Responsibilities • EXPANDED DISPATCH • Beyond immediate capabilities of dispatch center • Large or complex incidents • Some departments have mobile command post • Allows regular dispatcher to be undisturbed • Radio traffic switched to a designated channel

  5. Learning Objectives 1 through 3 • Support Functions • The Need, Duties, and Responsibilities • GEOGRAPHIC AREA COORDINATION CENTER (GACC) • Expanded dispatch center • Used by federal wildland firefighting agencies • Numerous resources respond quickly and efficiently • Closest available resource can be dispatched in region • Necessary to track availability

  6. Learning Objectives 1 through 3 • Support Functions • The Need, Duties, and Responsibilities • ALARM BOXES • Before 9-1-1, fire alarm box was common • EMS TWO-WAY COMMUNICATIONS • Dispatcher can ask about • exact problems • May train in emergency medical dispatch

  7. Learning Objectives 1 through 3 • Support Functions • The Need, Duties, and Responsibilities • LANGUAGE-BARRIER ISSUES • Many people in the community do not speak English • May not be able to translate for them • PRIVATE ALARM COMPANIES • Alarm is received then fire department is contacted • Departments may charge after several false alarms

  8. Learning Objectives 1 through 3 • Support Functions • The Need, Duties, and Responsibilities • LOOKOUTS • Used to report fires in forest areas • Early lookout towers: 75 feet high on metal legs • Employee stayed in tower morning to dusk • Modern lookouts include living quarters • Two or three lookouts can give an accurate location

  9. Learning Objectives 1 through 3 • Support Functions • The Need, Duties, and Responsibilities • MAPS • Departments need updated maps on a regular basis • New streets added • Property ownership • Vacant lots • Determine acreage burned

  10. Learning Objectives 1 through 3 • Support Functions • The Need, Duties, and Responsibilities • GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS) • Maps entered into a computer • Tied to databases with required information • GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM (GPS) • Can map a fire quickly and easily • Helps determine share of jurisdiction’s suppression costs

  11. Learning Objectives 1 through 3 • Support Functions • The Need, Duties, and Responsibilities • HAZARDOUS MATERIALS CONTROL UNIT • Ensures compliance with legal and code requirements • Maintains business plans and material inventories • Can send information to the field • Right to Know laws • Require filing business plan and inventories

  12. Learning Objectives 1 through 3 • Support Functions • The Need, Duties, and Responsibilities • INVESTIGATION UNIT • Arson • Arson bureau • Under fire prevention chief • or its own unit • Arson investigators • Cost recovery

  13. Learning Objectives 1 through 3 • Support Functions • The Need, Duties, and Responsibilities • PERSONNEL • Personnel clerk • Jurisdiction-wide personnel department • Personnel analyst may write job descriptions • Involved with active recruiting of prospective firefighters

  14. Learning Objectives 1 through 3 • Support Functions • The Need, Duties, and Responsibilities • INFORMATION SYSTEMS • Department manages many types of information • Information systems bureau developed • Data management personnel • Systems analyst maintains the computer operating system for the department

  15. Learning Objective 4 • Managerial and Technical Support Functions • BUSINESS MANAGER • Usually a civilian position with financial expertise • Prepares final budget • Tracks all expenditures • Versed in laws that govern the fire department • Day-to-day accounting activities

  16. Learning Objective 4 • Managerial and Technical Support Functions • FIRE BUSINESS MANAGEMENT • Contracts signed for use of privately owned equipment • Contracts for vendors at an incident • Helicopters, air tankers, water tenders • Equipment time recorders • Check-in personnel

  17. Learning Objective 4 • Managerial and Technical Support Functions • TECHNICAL SUPPORT • Legal services • Investigative technical support • National Weather Service • Hazardous materials • Emergency medical services

  18. Learning Objective 4 • Managerial and Technical Support Functions • WAREHOUSE/CENTRAL STORES • Items needed on regular basis • Central receiving facility • May make repairs • SCBA repair technician

  19. Learning Objective 4 • Managerial and Technical Support Functions • U.S. FOREST SERVICE • Warehouse at each ranger district headquarters • Supplies needs of all personnel • Cache of fire tools must be maintained • After fire season, staff maintains equipment • Plants trees and works on other projects

  20. Learning Objective 4 • Managerial and Technical Support Functions • REPAIR GARAGE • Civilian employees • Specialized knowledge of fire pumps • RADIO SHOP • Radio technicians install and maintain all radio equipment

  21. Learning Objective 4 • Managerial and Technical Support Functions • ADJUTANT/AIDE • Assigned to assist chief officer • Performs requests made by the fire chief • Opportunity to learn more about the department • Can help prepare for a promotion

  22. Summary • Must be able to receive calls for service and dispatch • To control hazardous materials in the jurisdiction, the hazardous materials control unit is set up • Responsibility of fire department to investigate all fires • Fire department needs to hire, retain, and provide benefits to its personnel • Provision of supplies and repair of vehicles is a necessity • Fire department requires specialized technical support