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Youth Court Programs. A National Overview. Youth Court. Youth Courts are also known as Teen Court Peer Court Student Court. What is Youth Court?. A program in which youth are sentenced by their peers Respondents/defendants 11-17 years old Youth Volunteers 13-18 years old.

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youth court programs

Youth Court Programs

A National Overview

youth court
Youth Court

Youth Courts are also known as

  • Teen Court
  • Peer Court
  • Student Court
what is youth court
What is Youth Court?

A program in which youth are sentenced

by their peers

Respondents/defendants

11-17 years old

Youth Volunteers

13-18 years old

youth court provides the community
Youth Court Providesthe Community
  • An early intervention and prevention program
  • An option on the continuum of juvenile services
  • A way to hold juvenile offenders accountable
  • A means for educating youth on the legal and judicial system/Builds competencies
  • A meaningful forum for youth to practice and enhance skills
  • An avenue for building ties between youth and their community
most youth courts
Most Youth Courts…
  • Function as diversion programs
  • Accept first-time offenders
  • Accept misdemeanor, non-violent cases
  • Require youth to admit to the charge and voluntarily participate in the program
  • Require parental consent for the youth to participate
states with youth court programs
States with Youth Court Programs
  • As of March, 2007
  • 1139 youth courts in the United States
  • 49 States and DC
who administers youth court
Who AdministersYouth Court

Non-Profit (28%)

Juvenile/Municipal Court (16%)

Law Enforcement (15%)

City/County Government (13)

Probation (13%

Schools (5%)

Other (10%)

types of offenses
Types of Offenses

Possession of Marijuana

Tobacco

Assault

Alcohol

Disorderly Conduct

Vandalism

Theft

types of offenses1
Types of Offenses

Traffic

School Disciplinary

Curfew

common sentencing options
Common SentencingOptions
  • Community Service
  • Oral/Written Apologies
  • Essays
  • Restitution
  • Jury Duty
  • Educational Workshops
additional sentencing options
Additional SentencingOptions
  • Alcohol/Drug Assessment
  • Curfew
  • Tutoring
  • Victim Awareness Class or Panel
  • Peer Mediation
primary youth court program models
Primary Youth CourtProgram Models
  • Adult Judge Model
  • Youth Judge Model
  • Youth Tribunal Model
  • Peer Jury Model
adult judge model
Adult Judge Model
  • Youth volunteers serve in the roles of:
    • Defense Attorneys
    • Prosecuting Attorneys
    • Clerks
    • Bailiffs
    • Jurors
  • Adult volunteers serve in the roles of:
    • Judge
youth judge model
Youth Judge Model

Youth Volunteers serve in the role of:

  • Judge
  • Prosecuting Attorneys
  • Defense Attorneys
  • Clerks
  • Bailiffs
  • Jurors
youth tribunal model
Youth Tribunal Model
  • Youth volunteers serve in the roles of:
      • Judge(s) – usually a panel of three judges
      • Defense Attorneys
      • Prosecuting Attorneys
      • Clerks
      • Bailiffs
  • There is NO PEER JURY – youth judges determine the sentence
peer jury model
Peer Jury Model
  • Adult or youth volunteer serves in the role of judge or monitor
  • Youth volunteers serves as jurors and question the defendant directly
  • Some programs use youth advocates to provide support for the defendant
contact the federal youth court program
Contact the Federal Youth Court Program

Information

Training

Technical

Assistance

Resources

National Councilfor Juvenile and Family Court Judges

P.O. Box 8970

Reno, NV 89507

Phone: (775) 784-6012

Fax: (775) 784-6628

Email: youthcourt@ncjfcj.org

Web: www.youthcourt.net