Ahti Saarenpää University of Lapland FINLAND READING LAW
UNIVERSITY OF LAPLAND 1979-2009 PANTA REI
LEGAL EDUCATION IN FINLAND • THREE LAW FACULTIES • TRADITION OF TWO DIFFERENT DIPLOMAS; ”LOWER AND HIGHER” • TRADITION OF READING AND WRITTEN EXAMENS • AFTER BOLOGNA LESS READING AND MORE LIMITED WRITTEN EXAMENS • AFTER BOLOGNA TWO THESIS • A SPECIALITY : PRACTICAL BACHELOR OF LAW EXAMEN ( In Lapland only) • PAPERTASTE STUDYING PROGRAMS
COMMUNICATION: AT THE BEGINNING THERE WAS A WORD
LEGAL EDUCATION IN FINLAND • A TRADITIONAL PROBLEM: SCARCE LANGUAGE SKILLS • A TRADITIONAL PROBLEM: SCARCE COMMUNICATION SKILLS • A TRADITIONAL PROBLEM: TO MUCH PROCEDURAL LAW WITHOUT CONNECTION TO LEGAL THEORY • A TRADITIONAL PROBLEM: MORE READING TEXTS THAN READING LAW
LEGAL EDUCATION IN FINLAND • PROBLEMS AFTER BOLOGNA • LESS READING • MORE LIMITED SCOPE ”LIGHT READING” • NEW DOMINATING POSITION OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE AS A ”COMMON LEGAL LANGUAGE” • CONSERVATIVE FACULTIES • GOOGLE IGNORANCE
READING LAW • DEEP STRUCTURE OF LAW • CONSTITUTIONAL STATE • BASIC RIGHTS AND LIBERTIES • LAWFULLNESS EVERYDAY LIFE • ROLES OF LEGAL PROFESSIONS • LEGAL RESEARCH • LEGAL STUDIES • METHODOLOGICAL SKILLS
methodos A ROAD TOWARDS……………
LEGAL INFORMATION SECURITY • In the long, long history of security, and its still brief electronic counterpart, the legal aspects have been neglected or dealt with through haphazard legislative measures. • I have elsewhere described the progress in noticing this situation as a development characterized in the early 1990s by the attitude that dataand information securities were as “nice thing to have“. • It is possible to go beyond this – and we have – to an assessment of data security from the legal perspective as well.
46. Consequently, the applicant’s argument that her medical data were not adequately secured against unauthorised access at the material time must be upheld. 47. The Court notes that the mere fact that the domestic legislation provided the applicant with an opportunity to claim compensation for damages caused by an alleged unlawful disclosure of personal data was not sufficient to protect her private life. What is required in this connection is practical and effective protection to exclude any possibility of unauthorised access occurring in the first place. Such protection was not given here. 48. The Court cannot but conclude that at the relevant time the State failed in its positive obligation under Article 8 § 1 of the Convention to ensure respect for the applicant’s private life. 49. There has therefore been a violation of Article 8 of the Convention.
LEFIS VIRTUAL CAMPUS
LEFIS VIRTUAL CAMPUS • QUESTIONS BEFORE READING • LEGAL INFORMATION LITERACY SKILLS • UNDERSTANDING SOCIETY • UNDERSTANDING STATE • UNDERSTANDING LEGAL CULTURE • OVERRIDING TRADITIONAL SYSTEMATICS • GUIDING TO THE NEW LEGAL CONCEPTUAL WORLD • GUIDING TOWARDS LEGAL EUROPE