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A presentation by Josephine Bryant City Librarian: Toronto Public Library

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COMPETENCIES NEEDED AND HOW TO MEASURE THEM IN THE FUTURE ORIENTED PUBLIC LIBRARY Experiences from Canada Presentation to: Scandinavia meets the World Conference: 10-12 June 2001. A presentation by Josephine Bryant City Librarian: Toronto Public Library. Introduction .

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
COMPETENCIES NEEDED

AND HOW TO MEASURE THEM

IN THE FUTURE ORIENTED PUBLIC LIBRARY

Experiences from Canada

Presentation to: Scandinavia meets the World Conference: 10-12 June 2001

A presentation by Josephine Bryant

City Librarian: Toronto Public Library

introduction
Introduction

The Challenge of library management in the 21st century

Issues

  • Balancing new & traditional services
  • A climate of fiscal restraint and increased accountability
  • Increased competition

Response

  • Develop a highly skilled and motivated workforce
  • Create an environment of continuous learning

Direction

  • A competency based management system
goals
Goals

Goals of the Presentation

  • Understand the principles of a competency based management

system

  • Review a “Case Study”
  • Understand how a competency based system could be implemented
  • Provide resources for further information
background
Background

Competencies Needed by Public Library Staff

Josephine Bryant

Kay Poustie

Bertelsmann Foundation

Gütersloh 2001

www.stiftung.bertelsmann.de/INPL

a competency based management system
A Competency Based Management System
  • Provides the process whereby competencies needed to achieve success are identified
  • Integrates several human resources functions
  • Provides the basis for tracking and measuring performance
what is a competency
What is a Competency?

Competencies are the Knowledge, skills, attitudes, values,behaviors and characteristics that people need to do a job successfully.

Competencies:

  • Correlate with job performance
  • Can be measured against standards
  • Can be improved with training
slide7
What is a Competency?

Competencies fall into 3 main categories:

  • Core
  • Behavioural
  • Technical
why introduce competencies
Why Introduce Competencies?

Competencies:

  • Highlight the value of the organization
  • Provide clear guidelines of success
  • Provide practical tools for performance management
  • Target training needs for development of staff
  • Provide a better fit between employees and their job
slide9
What Do Competencies Look Like?

Each competency has a definition and level of proficiency. For Example:

Results Orientation

Definition:

The desire or drive to achieve or surpass identified goals. Establishes performance objectives and measures to continuously improve performance and standards of excellence in the organization. Includes innovative or entrepreneurial behaviours

slide10
What Do Competencies Look Like?

Results Orientation

Levels of proficiency and complexity

1. Wants to do the job well

2. Works to achieve goals

3. Sets own standards to improve performance

4. Sets and strives to meet higher standards of performance

5. Conducts Cost - Benefit Analyses

6. Takes Calculated Entrepreneurial risks

how does a competency model work
How Does a Competency Model Work?

Lyle M. Spencer and Signe M. Spencer “Competencies at Work. Models for Superior Performance” 1993.

implementation of a competency model
Implementation of a Competency Model

The implementation of a model is a 5-step

process:

1) Determine strategic directions of organization

2) Design the principles and architectural framework of the model

3) Develop the competency model and assessment tools

4) Communicate progress and benefits to stakeholders

5) Integrate in phases

slide13
Implementation of a Competency Model
  • Step 1 Determine the strategic directions of the
  • organization
  • A sample:
  • Creating the Future-Treasuring the Past: Toronto Public Library’s Strategic Plan 2000-2003 www.tpl.toronto.on.ca
slide14
Implementation of a Competency Model
  • Step 2 Design the principles and architectural
  • framework of the model
  • How are competencies to be used?
  • Are there standard competencies for the organization with subsets for specific jobs?
slide15
Implementation of a Competency Model
  • Step 3 Develop the competency model and tools for linking human resources functions.
        • Develop competency profiles for
        • each job/position/role
slide16
Implementation of a Competency Model
  • Step 3 Develop the competency model and tools for linking human resources functions.
        • Create tools to operationalize
        • competencies eg: performance
        • appraisals
slide17
Implementation of a Competency Model
  • Step 4 Communicate progress and benefits to stakeholders
  • Step 5 Implement in phases
use of the competency model in the city of toronto
Use of the Competency Model in the City of Toronto
  • Performance Management
  • Training and Development
  • Succession Planning
  • Recruitment
process to select competencies
Process to select competencies
  • 1998:Lists of behavioural competencies were compiled from the literature, from interviews with selected staff and from previous municipalities
  • 1999:Focus groups of non-union staff were brought together to select the most relevant competencies from the lists; to revise and refine the definitions; and create the City of Toronto Competency Dictionary
  • 1999:Executive Management Team selected the core competencies from the dictionary
process to select competencies1
Process to select competencies
  • 2000:Focus groups of job families (director, manager, supervisor) selected appropriate role competencies (4-6) and identified the levels of proficiency for core and role competencies
  • 2001:Non-union employees confirmed the chosen competencies and levels of proficiency by means of an electronic survey
  • 2001:Technical competency process will be completed for business units to implement
each job has 15 competencies
Each job has 15 Competencies
  • 5 Core (Reflect what the organization does best and are necessary for all jobs)
          • Customer Service
          • Teamwork
          • Fiscal Accountability
          • Innovation
          • Results Orientation
  • 5 Role (Those personal characteristics that influence or drive performance)
  • 5 Technical (Technical knowledge or skills that are critical for a specific job/role to be successful)
levels of proficiency
Levels of Proficiency
  • Within each competency levels of proficiency are described
  • As you progress through job level in the organization employees are expected to demonstrate a higher level of competency
competencies
Competencies
  • Customer Service Orientation-a desire to identify and
  • meet/exceed the requirements of internal and external customers.
  • Recognizing the variety of customers in communities and all levels of the organization and accommodating their diverse needs.
  • Team Leader/Branch Head: Advocate for the Customer - (Level 3)
  • District Manager: Addresses Underlying Customer Needs - (Level 4)
  • Director Public Service: Uses a Long-Term Perspective - (Level 5)
customer service orientation levels of proficiency
Customer Service Orientation Levels of Proficiency

Level One: Clarifies expectations

Level Two: Takes personal responsibility in addressing customer service problems

Level Three: Advocates for the customer

Level Four: Addresses underlying customer needs

Level Five: Uses a long term perspective

competencies team leader branch head
Competencies - Team Leader/Branch Head

Customer Service

Advocate for the Customer (Level 3 )

  • Analyzes and interprets customer data
  • Develops and implements customer service strategy
  • Acts as an advocate for the customer
competencies district manager
Competencies - District Manager

Customer Service

Addresses Underlying Customer Needs (Level 4)

  • Determines the customer’s issues
  • Accommodates needs of the customer as customized service
  • Integrates a customer service focus into business strategies, plans and programs
competencies director public service
Competencies - Director Public Service

Customer Service

Uses a Long-Term Perspective (Level 5)

  • Looks for long term benefits for the customer
  • Researches customer needs to guide strategy development
  • Creates innovative solutions
  • Formulates strategies to optimize customer service
  • Ensures policies reflect responsiveness to the customer
how competencies are organized
How competencies are organized

The city’s competencies are organized into a Learning Framework

The framework categorizes the areas of learning and skill needed in the city.

The 4 areas are:

  • Public Administration & Civic Service
  • Business ‘Know-How’
  • Leadershipand Management
  • Service-specific or technical
linking to other processes
Linking to other processes
  • Competencies to be integrated with:
  • recruitment and selection
  • planning for advancement & promotion
  • succession management
  • performance management (developmental purposes)
use of the competency model in the city of toronto1
Use of the Competency Model in the City of Toronto
  • Performance Management
  • Considerations:
  • Competencies needed to do work
  • Current competencies of the individual
  • Competencies needed to be developed
  • Training and development opportunities

(Appropriate compensation)

use of the competency model in the city of toronto2
Use of the Competency Model in the City of Toronto

Development Plan

  • Competencies to be developed
  • Input of the employee
  • Manager’s support
  • Learning opportunities that can be created
  • Longer term plan for work and learning
use of the competency model in the city of toronto3
Use of the Competency Model in the City of Toronto

Succession Planning

Considerations:

  • Is there bench strength?
  • What do you want to keep?
use of the competency model in the city of toronto4
Use of the Competency Model in the City of Toronto

Retention and Recruitment

  • Learning and development opportunities
  • Reward and recognition
  • Challenging and meaningful work
  • Stimulating and supportive environment
slide36
Examples of Competencies from the Library Profession
  • Competencies for Special Librarian for the 21st Century (http://www.sla.org/professional/ competency.html)
  • National Library of Canada
  • Task Force on Core Competencies, American Library Association
implementation of a competency model factors that contribute to success
Implementation of a Competency ModelFactors that contribute to success:
  • Effective implementation process
  • High level of management commitment and support
  • Development program must be in place
  • Some models fall short when they are used to determine individual pay
  • Human Resources Dept. should be involved
  • Competencies must be applied correctly.
slide38
Implementation of a Competency ModelFactors To Bear In Mind:
  • Process is labour-intensive
  • Cost
  • Duration of process
  • Organizational culture
goals1
Goals

Goals of the Presentation

  • Understand the principles of a competency based management

system

  • Review a “Case Study”
  • Understand how a competency based system could be implemented
  • Provide resources for further information
further information
Further Information

Competencies Needed by Public Library Staff

Josephine Bryant

Kay Poustie

Bertelsmann Foundation

Gütersloh 2001

www.stiftung.bertelsmann.de/INPL

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