Introduction to Shakespeare & The Sonnets . April Marshall. Shakespeare's life. Born in April, 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon, England Died in 1616 Father: John Shakespeare Mother: Mary Arden Attended a grammar school in Stratford where he learned Latin and Classical Greek.
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Born in April, 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon, England
Died in 1616
Father: John Shakespeare
Mother: Mary Arden
Attended a grammar school in Stratford where he learned Latin and Classical Greek
Married with 3 kids
Moved to London around 1588
The Lord Chamberlain’s Men (later called The Kings Men)
Invested in building The Globe Theater in 1599
Began writing the Sonnets in late 1590’s
Shakespeare wrote in Elizabethan English – which we know as Early Modern English
Accessible language to all classes of society
Shakespeare invented/introduced about 32,000 written words to the English language
5,000 of which we still use today.
PHRASES COINED BY SHAKESPEARE:
“Bear a charmed life” “Be-all and the end-all”
“Come what may”
“All's well that ends well” “As good luck would have it”
“Dead as a doornail”
“Every dog will have his day”
“Give the devil his due”
A sonnet is a type of poetry invented in Italy
Uses 14 lines & Rhyme Scheme
Shakespearian sonnets derive from Petrarchan sonnets
Shakespearian sonnets use 3 quatrains and a couplet
Quatrains set up a theme
Couplet develops/answers/explains it
Lines written in Iambic Pentameter
Iamb = unstressed / stressed (heartbeat: da DUM)
Pentameter = 5 iambic feet:
(da DUM da DUM da DUM da DUM da DUM)
First sonnet was published in 1609
At least 154 were written, total
Contrast to Petrarchan Sonnets
First 126 sonnets written to a very good looking, very intelligent man
Love and admiration or sexual passion?
Last 25 sonnets written to a mysterious “dark lady”
Secret mistress or prostitute?
Admit impediments. Love is not love
Which alters when it alteration finds,
Or bends with the remover to remove:
O no! it is an ever-fixed mark
That looks on tempests and is never shaken;
It is the star to every wandering bark,
Whose worth’s unknown, although his height be taken.
Love’s not Time’s fool, though rosy lips and cheeks
Within his bending sickle’s compass come:
Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks,
But bears it out even to the edge of doom.
If this be error and upon me proved,
I never writ, nor no man ever loved.
Sonnet 29: (Pride and Prejudice)
Sonnet 116: Blue
Choose a sonnet
Dramatize sonnet visually
Present to Class