Point of View, Metaphor, Simile, and Symbolism - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Point of View, Metaphor, Simile, and Symbolism

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  1. Point of View, Metaphor, Simile, and Symbolism

  2. Point of View • The side or perspective from which a story is told • POV influences: • The plot • How much is revealed to the reader • What kinds of information is revealed to the reader • Four main points of view: • First-person • Third-person limited • Third-person omniscient • Objective

  3. First-Person Point of View • Narrator is a character in the story • Uses first-person pronouns • We learn the narrator’s thoughts, feelings, and actions • May be unreliable or inaccurate

  4. Third-Person Limited Point of View • Narrator is not a character in the story • Narrator tells story from one character’s perspective • The reader learns what this one character thinks and feels • Uses third-person pronouns

  5. Third-Person Omniscient Point of View • Narrator is all-knowing • Narrator can enter the minds of all characters to tell parts of the story from different perspectives • Narrator can inform the reader of any character’s thoughts and feelings • Uses third-person pronouns

  6. Objective Point of View • Narrator is not a character in the story • Narrator never enters a character’s mind • Narrator only records what is seen and heard (like a hidden camera) • Allows more inferences to be made by the reader

  7. Metaphor Example: The fallen leaves are a blanket covering the ground. States that one thing is something else It is a comparison of two dissimilar things Does not use “like” or “as”

  8. Simile Example: The lake is as smooth as glass. A comparison of two dissimilar things Uses “like” or “as”

  9. Symbolism • Examples of Political Symbols Has meaning beyond the obvious Is an object that stands for itself and a greater idea or value that is usually abstract

  10. Spotting Symbols • There is no one way or absolutely correct way to spot a symbol, but you must be able to explain the symbol and what it means using information from the story. • Here are some things to look for: • Colors or objects that might represent something abstract • Unusual character names • Objects or creatures that have cultural meanings

  11. What is the purpose of using metaphors, similes, and symbols?