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Diversiteit in een Brusselse NL hogeschool: dringend naar de fase van interventies. Eric Depreeuw - K.U. Brussel - HUB Willy Lens - K.U. Leuven Tina Debrabandere. Educational context. Concern about failures and drop out – high cost (personal, societal, financial etc.)

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Diversiteit in een brusselse nl hogeschool dringend naar de fase van interventies
Diversiteit in een Brusselse NL hogeschool: dringend naar de fase van interventies

Eric Depreeuw - K.U. Brussel - HUB

Willy Lens - K.U. Leuven

Tina Debrabandere

Depreeuw – Lens - Debrabandere – Diversiteit HO - VFO 2007


Educational context
Educational context

Concern about failures and drop out – high cost (personal, societal, financial etc.)

Significant differences among ‘groups’: cf. gender, ethnic origin

Depreeuw – Lens - Debrabandere – Diversiteit HO - VFO 2007


Educational context factors
Educational context: factors

  • Macro : SES / Ethnic-cultural

  • Meso: educational culture

  • Micro: educational home culture / religion

  • Language!

  • Personal: Ability / Skills / Attitudes / Self-confidence / Fear of failure / Vulnerability etc

Depreeuw – Lens - Debrabandere – Diversiteit HO - VFO 2007


Research
Research

  • Flemish school for Professional Higher Economic Education in Brussels (Professional Bachelor)

  • 1rst and 2nd year

  • 2005 – 2006 : Spring

  • Focus on high % of failures and drop out in segment of students with foreign origin – SFO

Depreeuw – Lens - Debrabandere – Diversiteit HO - VFO 2007


Research1
Research

Goals

1. Recrutement: diversity?

2. Success and failure: factors of influence

3. Relations between factors

and ….

Depreeuw – Lens - Debrabandere – Diversiteit HO - VFO 2007


Research2
Research

Goals

….eventually…

4. Concluding advices for educational policy and practice

???

Depreeuw – Lens - Debrabandere – Diversiteit HO - VFO 2007


Definition of sfo pragmatic
Definition of SFO: pragmatic

Students with foreign origin - SFO?

  • 1rst generation, born abroad, with other than Belgian nationality

  • Or parents / grand parents born abroad + conservation of specific characteristics

Depreeuw – Lens - Debrabandere – Diversiteit HO - VFO 2007


Definition of sfo pragmatic1
Definition of SFO: pragmatic

* Skin colour or other somatic aspects: out of choice* Deliberately (+): religion, language, clothing, life style…

Depreeuw – Lens - Debrabandere – Diversiteit HO - VFO 2007


Language at home huis van het nederlands
Language at home(Huis van het Nederlands)

  • Homogeneous Dutch

  • Multilinguistic: Dutch + other // Other + Dutch

  • Otherlinguistic: no Dutch at all

Depreeuw – Lens - Debrabandere – Diversiteit HO - VFO 2007


Methodology
Methodology

Questionnaires

during class hours

on line in computer class

instruction and coaching by third author (master thesis)

± 30 minutes

Depreeuw – Lens - Debrabandere – Diversiteit HO - VFO 2007


Questionnaires
Questionnaires

Q1 Identification + ethnic background and home language(s)

Q2 Personal and context (54 items)

Depreeuw – Lens - Debrabandere – Diversiteit HO - VFO 2007


Questionnaires1
Questionnaires

Q3 Mastery of Dutch: self evaluation, evaluation by significant others (7 items)

Q4 VaSEV – TASTE Test Abilities for Study and Evaluation1. Valuation of studying 2. Self-confidence 3. Fear of failure 4. Lack of effort - procrastination

Depreeuw – Lens - Debrabandere – Diversiteit HO - VFO 2007


Questionnaires q2 q3 factor analysis
Questionnaires Q2 + Q3: factor analysis

Q 2 (54 items) and Q3 (7 items)

1. Relation with father (n=14 – 32.3% - alpha .96)

2. Relation with mother (n=13 – 25.9% - alpha .91)

3. Relation with peers (n=9 – 14.8% - alpha .80)

Depreeuw – Lens - Debrabandere – Diversiteit HO - VFO 2007


Questionnaires factor analysis
Questionnaires: factor analysis

4. Mastery of Dutch (N=7 – 14.6% - alpha .79)

5. Self-determination in study choice (N=9 – 12.5% - alpha .77)

Depreeuw – Lens - Debrabandere – Diversiteit HO - VFO 2007


Sample participation
Sample: participation

Sample School %participation

N = 287 491 58%

1rst yr 54% 62% 51%

2nd yr 46% 38% 70%

F 46% 40% 67%

M 54% 60% 53%

Belg 82% 75% 63%

SFO 18% (25%) 43%

Depreeuw – Lens - Debrabandere – Diversiteit HO - VFO 2007


Sample participation1
Sample: participation

Sample School (%participation)

N = 287 491 (58%)

ASO 57% 49% (68%)

TSO 43% 42% (60%)

BSO 0.35% 8% (3%)

Autocht. 82% 75% (63%)

SFO 18% (25%?) (43%)

Success 78% 58% (78%)

Failure 22% 42% (31%)

Depreeuw – Lens - Debrabandere – Diversiteit HO - VFO 2007


Students foreign origin
Students Foreign Origin

West – Southern Europe: N = 25

Rest SFO – N = 28 (Morocco 14 / Turkey 3)

Depreeuw – Lens - Debrabandere – Diversiteit HO - VFO 2007


Sample description
Sample: description

Language

Dutch – 59%

Multilinguistic – 23%

Other-linguistic – 18%

VaSEV – TASTESignificant difference with test norms on IV – 45 vs 40

Depreeuw – Lens - Debrabandere – Diversiteit HO - VFO 2007


Important remark
Important remark

Sample is underrepresented for

1rst year : 51%

males: 53%

SFO : 43% BSO : 3% (N = 1)

Failure: 31% (versus 78% of success students)

Depreeuw – Lens - Debrabandere – Diversiteit HO - VFO 2007


Relation to study success
Relation to study success

Success School pop Sample

Total 58% 78%

  • Male 53% 74%

  • Female 67% 82%

  • Autocht 65% 82%

  • SFO 39% 57%

Depreeuw – Lens - Debrabandere – Diversiteit HO - VFO 2007


Relation to study success1
Relation to study success

Success School pop. Sample

Total 58% 78%

  • ASO 75% 85%

  • TSO 49% 67%

  • BSO 3% 100%!

Depreeuw – Lens - Debrabandere – Diversiteit HO - VFO 2007


Relation to study success research sample only
Relation to study success: research sample only

LanguageDutch 84%Multi-linguistic 78%Other-linguistic 56%

Differences continue in 2nd year (but Multi > Dutch: 96% vs 87%)

SFO - W and S Europe: 60%

SFO – Other: 54%

Depreeuw – Lens - Debrabandere – Diversiteit HO - VFO 2007


Relation to study success2
Relation to study success

Relation father: NS

Relation mother: NS

Relation peers: .03*success ~~ better peer relation

Self-determination NS

Mastery Dutch : .0011**(*)

Depreeuw – Lens - Debrabandere – Diversiteit HO - VFO 2007


Relation to study success3
Relation to study success

  • VaSEV – TASTE Valuation ns Self-confidence .02* Fear of failure ns Lack of effort .0001***

Depreeuw – Lens - Debrabandere – Diversiteit HO - VFO 2007


Specific interrelations
Specific interrelations

  • VaSEV III - Fear of failure~ language : p .012* Dutch 51 – ML 56 – OL 64

  • VaSEV II - Self-confidence~ gender: p .012* Male 54 – Female 62!!!~ secondary school: p .016* General 62 - Technical 54

Depreeuw – Lens - Debrabandere – Diversiteit HO - VFO 2007


Regression analysis
Regression analysis

262 cases – model predicts exact result in 78% of casesR-square = 0.15 of 15% variance explained

Contribution to prediction of failureSecondary school: Bêta 11.1 ***Ethnicity Bêta -1.0 *Language Bêta -0.4 (.07) Lack of effort Bêta 0.3 ***

Depreeuw – Lens - Debrabandere – Diversiteit HO - VFO 2007


Policy and practice
Policy and practice?

  • Underrepresentation rates in sample = significant information: first year, males, SFO, BSO and at later failures

  • Expected differences in success rates are confirmed: gender, former education, ethnic background, mastery of language, self confidence, effort

Depreeuw – Lens - Debrabandere – Diversiteit HO - VFO 2007


Policy and practice1
Policy and practice?

  • Expected differences in success rates not confirmed: relation with father and mother, valuation and fear of failure

Depreeuw – Lens - Debrabandere – Diversiteit HO - VFO 2007


Policy and practice2
Policy and practice?

  • Expected differences in success rates not confirmed: relation with father and mother, valuation and fear of failure

Depreeuw – Lens - Debrabandere – Diversiteit HO - VFO 2007


Policy and practice3
Policy and practice?

  • UCLA – AAP: Pedagogy of excellence?

  • Qualitative pilot projects with output evaluation

  • Association KU Leuven: coordination of diversity projects: OOF-project – Tellen en Meetellen

Depreeuw – Lens - Debrabandere – Diversiteit HO - VFO 2007