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Windows xp professional. Bilal Munir Mughal. Chapter-1. Topics. Background Windows XP Introduction Networking Models Preparing to Install Windows XP Professional Post Installation activities Microsoft Certification Paths (Optional). Background.

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Windows xp professional

Windows xp professional

Bilal Munir Mughal



  • Background

  • Windows XP Introduction

  • Networking Models

  • Preparing to Install Windows XP Professional

  • Post Installation activities

  • Microsoft Certification Paths (Optional)


The Microsoft Networking Family is a collection of operating systems (OS)

  • Operating Systems

    • Work directly with hardware to provide the environment for other software to operate

    • Can participate in a network as either a server or client

  • Wide range of products

Windows xp
Windows XP

  • Builds upon best features of Windows 2000 and Windows 98/SE/ME

  • Consists of five products:

    • Windows XP 64-Bit Edition,

    • Windows XP Media Center Edition

    • Windows XP Tablet PC Edition

    • Windows XP Home Edition

    • Windows XP Professional

Other microsoft client operating systems
Other Microsoft Client Operating Systems


  • Windows for Workgroups

  • Windows 95

  • Windows NT 4.0 Workstation

  • Windows 98

  • Windows ME

  • Windows 2000 Professional


  • Windows Vista

  • Windows 7

  • Windows 8

The windows xp environment
The Windows XP Environment

  • Hybrid of Windows 2000 and Windows ME

  • Plug and Play

    • Automatically detects presence of new hardware

    • Installs the appropriate device driver

Windows xp professional hardware requirements
Windows XP Professional Hardware Requirements

  • Minimum requirements:

    • 233 MHz CPU or higher microprocessor

    • 64 MB of RAM

    • 1.5 GB of free space

    • VGA (800 x 600) or higher resolution monitor

    • Keyboard

    • Microsoft Mouse or compatible pointing device (optional)

    • CD drive or DVD drive if installing from CD

Windows xp professional hardware requirements cont
Windows XP Professional Hardware Requirements - cont..

  • Recommended requirements:

    • P2 300 MHz CPU or higher microprocessor

    • 128 MB of RAM (4 GB maximum)

    • 2 GB or more of free space

    • SVGA (800 x 600) or higher resolution monitor

    • 12x or faster CD-ROM drive

Multiple processors
Multiple Processors

  • XP supports up to two CPUs

  • Supports true multiprocessing/ multitasking

  • Support for Multithreading

Storage support
Storage support

  • RAM

    • 4 GB

  • Hard disk Volume/partition size

    • for FAT16 volumes up to 2GB

    • for FAT32 volumes up to 32 GB

      (can be 2TB but not using XP basic tools)

    • for NTFS volumes up to 16TB with 4KB clusters or 256TB with 64KB clusters

Hardware compatibility list hcl
Hardware Compatibility List - HCL

  • The HCL is an extensive list of computers and peripheral hardware that have been tested with the Windows XP Professional operating system.

  • Consult most current version of the HCL


Why the hcl is so important
Why the HCL Is So Important

  • Windows XP controls hardware directly

  • Does not use BIOS

  • Windows XP works only with devices with drivers written specifically for it

Clean install or upgrade
Clean Install or Upgrade?

  • Once you’ve determined that your hardware not only meets the minimum requirements but also is on the HCL, you need to decide whether you want to do a clean install or an upgrade.

  • The only operating systems that can be upgraded to Windows XP Professional are Windows 98, Windows Me, Windows NT 4 Workstation, and Windows 2000 Professional.

Installation options
Installation Options

  • The amount of space required

  • The location of the system and boot partition

  • Any special disk configurations you will use

  • The utility you will use to set up the partitions

File systems
File Systems

  • FAT (file allocation table)

    • 16-bit file system, supports partitions only up to 2GB

  • FAT32

    • 32-bit file system, supports partitions only up to 2TB (terabytes)

    • Faster and more space efficient than FAT16

    • more fault-tolerance features than FAT16

  • New Technology File System (NTFS)

    • Security on files and folders.

    • Data compression

    • Disk quotas

    • Encryption

Networking models
Networking Models

  • Two networking models:

    • Workgroup

    • Domain

  • Membership in a Domain or Workgroup?

Workgroup model
Workgroup Model

  • All computers are equal

  • Also known as peer-to-peer

  • Each computer maintains own set of

    • Resources

    • Accounts

    • Security information

Domain model
Domain Model

  • Centralizes all shared resources

  • Single point of administrative and security control

  • Simpler to manage from administrative and security standpoint

  • Requires at least one domain controller (DC)

Installation method
Installation Method

  • From the bootable CD

  • Through network (need a distribution server and a computer with a network connection)

    • A distribution server is a server that has the Windows XP Professional distribution files copied to a shared folder.

    • The files in this folder must include the \I386 folder from the Windows XP Professional distribution CD.

Installation method cont
Installation Method cont..

The following steps are used to install Windows XP Professional over the network:

  • Boot the target computer.

  • Attach to the distribution server and access the share that has the \I386 folder shared.

  • Launch WINNT or WINNT32 (depending on the computer’s current operating system).

  • Complete the Windows XP Professional installation.

Running the windows xp professional installation process
Running the Windows XP Professional Installation Process

There are four main steps in the Windows XP Professional installation process:

  • Collecting information

  • Preparing the installation

  • Installing Windows

  • Finalizing the installation

    Lets do it……….

Post installation
Post Installation

  • Using Automatic Updates

  • Using Product Activation

  • Using Windows Update

  • Other Windows Update Options

  • Windows Service Packs

  • Troubleshooting Installation Problems

  • Troubleshooting with Boot.ini and Installation Log Files

  • Supporting Multiple-Boot Options

Microsoft certification paths
Microsoft Certification Paths

  • Desktop certification path

  • Server certification path

  • Applications certification path

  • Database certification path

  • Developer certification path

Microsoft desktop certification path
Microsoft Desktop Certification Path

  • MTA: Microsoft Technology Associate

  • MCSA: Microsoft Certified Solutions Associate

Mta microsoft technology associate
MTA: Microsoft Technology Associate

  • IT Infrastructure

    • Windows Operating System Fundamentals

    • Windows Server Administration Fundamentals

    • Networking Fundamentals

    • Security Fundamentals

  • Database

    • Database Fundamentals

  • Developer

    • Software Development Fundamentals

    • Windows Development Fundamentals

    • Web Development Fundamentals

    • .NET Fundamentals

    • Mobile Development Fundamentals

    • Gaming Development Fundamentals

    • HTML5 App Development Fundamentals

Mcsa microsoft certified solutions associate
MCSA: Microsoft Certified Solutions Associate

  • MCSA : Windows 7

    • Windows 7, Configuring

    • Windows 7, Enterprise Desktop Support Technician

  • MCSA: Windows 8

    • Configuring Windows 8

    • Managing and Maintaining Windows 8

      For complete Microsoft certification guide follow the link below: