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Is Biotechnology the Answer to Africa’s Hunger Crisis?. Philippe Blum Lydia McMullen-Laird Megan Touhey. The Promise: . poverty alleviation increasing crop productivity income generation safer environment and more sustainable agricultural development. Possible Benefits.

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is biotechnology the answer to africa s hunger crisis

Is Biotechnology the Answer to Africa’s Hunger Crisis?

Philippe Blum

Lydia McMullen-Laird

Megan Touhey

the promise
The Promise:
  • poverty alleviation
  • increasing crop productivity
  • income generation
  • safer environment and more sustainable agricultural development
possible benefits
Possible Benefits
  • Increased crop yield
  • Disease resistant strains
  • Less agricultural chemical use
  • Cost efficiency
  • Less import need
gm acreage per country
GM Acreage Per Country

Source: http://pewagbiotech.org/resources/issuebriefs/feedtheworld.pdf

case study argentina
Case Study: Argentina
  • Argentina is the World’s second largest user of GM crops after the United States
what happened to argentina
What Happened to Argentina?
  • Food prices rose 35.3 %
  • Farm sizes have increased causing more rainforest destruction for cropland use
  • More focus on exports, less focus on local food supply
argentina continued
Argentina Continued:
  • Decline in Nutrition Levels
  • Less power to the people
  • Business vs. Local Farming
food aid refusal
Food Aid Refusal

Zambia:

  • Why did Zambia refuse food aid containing GMO’s?

www.wikipedia.org

perceived risks
Perceived Risks:
  • Disruption of local agricultural systems
  • Disruption of local economy
  • Export opportunities at risk
      • 50% of exports go to Europe
      • Endemic plant species at risk
slide11
“We may be poor and experiencing food shortages, but are not ready to expose people to ill defined risks.”

Zambian President Levy Mwanawasa

He also pleaded that Zambians should not be used as guinea pigs

a look at the real risks
A look at the Real Risks…
  • Environment
  • Economy
  • Ethical, Moral and Social Impacts
the environmental effects
The Environmental Effects
  • Invasive to Native Plants
  • Threat to Biodiversity (Gene flow)
  • Potential Emergence of unknown viruses/diseases
  • New Allergens
the economy
$ The Economy $
  • Export Opportunities
  • Monopoly of seed supply
  • Damage local economy (inequality)
  • High seed costs
moral ethical and social debates
Moral, Ethical and Social Debates
  • Dietary Preference
  • Genetically Engineered Animals/Humans
  • Man’s Domination of Nature
  • Patenting Life
slide16
Lack of respect or consideration for the slow process of evolution
  • Instant Evolution
  • Developing countries as guinea pigs
alternatives
Alternatives
  • Push-Pull Strategies
  • Organic and Traditional Farming Methods
what you can do
What YOU can do
  • Inform yourself
  • Support local and organic farming
  • Demand the labeling of Genetically Engineered Products