The federal government is the only government that can spend more than it receives
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The Federal Government is the only government that can spend more than it receives. Current Debt: $ 16.4 Trillion Current Deficit: 1.1 Trillion (for 2012); so far in 2013, about $290.4 billion What is your opinion on this statement?

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The federal government is the only government that can spend more than it receives
The Federal Government is the only government that can spend more than it receives.

Current Debt: $16.4 Trillion

Current Deficit: 1.1 Trillion (for 2012); so far in 2013, about $290.4 billion

What is your opinion on this statement?

Should the federal government be able to do this or have a balanced budget?


The budget

The Budget more than it receives.

Read the provided handout on the budget process.

Answer the worksheet questions either as you read or after you read. Your answers should be specific and detailed.


The basics
The Basics more than it receives.


What is the constitutional basis for the federal government s budgetary power
What is the Constitutional basis for the Federal Government’s Budgetary power?

  • Article I Section 8: “Lay and collect taxes”, pay debts, provide for common defense, general welfare

  • Article I: House initiates appropriations

  • Article I: Congress given power to “borrow money on the credit of the US”

  • Amendment XVI: income taxes

    NOTE: Congress can only appropriate money that is budgeted


What is the president s role the omb the cbo
What is Government’s Budgetary power? the President’s role? The OMB? The CBO?

  • Federal agencies submit expenses and requests to OMB

  • OMB reviews and revises and helps to create President’s budget

  • Budget is for a Fiscal Year (FY) that runs from October 1- Sept 30

  • President submits budget to Congress in February

  • CBO reviews proposals to submit to House and Senate Budget Committees


What is congress role in the budget process
What is Congress’ role in the budget process? Government’s Budgetary power?

  • Appropriations committees review budget and submit budget resolutions (max amounts for spending) to each of their respective chambers

  • Resolutions contain estimates of spending and recommendations for revenue

  • April 15: budget must be passed by Congress and signed by President

  • If NOT, emergency spending legislation must be passed to avoid shutdown


The congressional budget and impoundment control act of 1974
The Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 Government’s Budgetary power?

Eliminates subcommittee control of spending

  • President can’t cut programs unilaterally by impounding funds

  • Created a calendar for the process with procedures for each branch

  • Created Budget committees in Congress

  • Created CBO as a check on OMB


Where does the government s money come from
Where does Government’s Budgetary power? the government’s money come from?


Where does the money go
Where does the money go? Government’s Budgetary power?

2/3 of the Federal Budget is mandatory spending.

Entitlements are the fastest growing area of spending.


Gramm rudman hollings balanced budget and emergency debt control act of 1985 grhbbedc

Gramm-Rudman Hollings Balanced Budget and Emergency Debt Control Act of 1985 (GRHBBEDC)

“A bad idea who’s time has come.”

-Sen. Warren Rudman


Failed attempts what did graham rudman do why didn t it work
Failed Attempts: What did Graham-Rudman do? Why didn’t it work?

Does this remind you of a certain, economic/government related current event???