Maritime Safety and Security Information System(MSSIS)A Solid Foundation for Maritime Awareness Maureen Walker State Department Representative National Space Based Positioning, Navigation and Timing Coordination Office May 26, 2008
Overview • MSSIS – Concept and Benefits • PARTICIPATION • EXISTING APPLICATIONS • OPERATIONAL AND TECHNICAL OVERVIEW
Maritime Safety & SecurityInformation System • Goal • Create a collaborative, global, maritime information sharing environment through a unity of effort across entities with maritime interests • Objectives • Maximize transparency of vessels in the maritime domain • Enhance Maritime Awareness via “Market Drivers”
Maritime Safety & Security Information System • A system by which to openly share, non-classified AIS data globally to enhance safety, security, commerce and environmental protection • Created by U.S. Department of Transportation’s Volpe Systems Center • Based in Volpe’s work in maritime traffic issues (Panama and St. Lawrence) • Allows sharing of non-classified AIS data, real-time, between international domestic users through an internet-based, password-protected, exchange portal • The data is by design, not owned or controlled by anyone • Displays un-altered, AIS data streams gathered from shore-based, waterborne and airborne AIS receiving units A data exchange tool fostering cooperation
Maritime Safety & Security Information System • Safety Statistics (via data logging & playback, snap shot files) • Pilot navigation (ETA, Closest point of Approach, dead reckoning) • Canal Transit Management (Panama Canal, St. Lawrence Seaway) • Vessel traffic Management (VTS, situation displays etc.) • Accident Investigation (via data logging and playback) • Buoy Positioning • Oil Spill Modeling Display • Harbor surveillance • Secure Vessel Transiting • Monitoring of Territorial Waters • Security zones – Dynamic, static, user defined MSSIS is serving as the data feed and basis for numerous sophisticated applications
Organized crime Piracy Drug smuggling Human smuggling and slavery Illegal weapons movement/proliferation Terrorism Exclusive Economic Zone (resource) exploitation Illegal fishing Trade disruption Illegal migration Search and Rescue Environmental issues Common Maritime Challenges Economies could find their well-being challenged by these common maritime issues
Benefits of Open Maritime Data Sharing • Enables economies to better control their maritime domain and its issues • Enables Economies to focus usage of their limited resources • Economies share data as equal partners regardless of size & and benefit to the extent of their own needs - You share, you receive • Information is shared widely, building a culture of trust, confidence and mutual support with a common focus – safety, security, commerce and environmental protection
Current Open Data Sharing Examples • IMO AIS (Automatic Identification Systems) as source data • IMO LRIT (Long Range Identification and Tracking System) • IMO Electronic Marine Highway (Malacca Straits) • IALA International Association of Marine Aids to Navigation and Lighthouse Authorities • MSSIS (Maritime Safety & Security Information Systems) AIS based systems foster cooperation
How can Interested Economies Participate ? • Any economy willing to participate by contributing data into MSSIS is eligible to receive MSSIS data in exchange • A commitment to MSSIS at a domestic level, followed by support for the necessary steps for proper system implement (AIS receivers, internet connection etc.) • System implementation includes connecting to MSSIS through the Internet either existing AIS receivers or installing AIS receivers in key ports and chokepoints • Technical assistance can be provided to any economy indicating a willingness to participate as set forth above You Share Data, You receive Data.
Growing MSSIS AIS Data Sharing Denmark Poland Slovenia Belgium Montenegro Bulgaria UK USA Albania Portugal Turkey Spain Morocco Italy Mauritania Greece STP Singapore USN 44 Countries to Date are sharing AIS data openly via MSSIS.
MSSIS – Supported through The Volpe Center “Advancing technical, operational, institutional, and managerial innovation to improve transportation systems.” St. Lawrence Seaway First operational Automatic Identification System (AIS) network in North America. FAA – Enhanced Traffic Management System Panama Canal Communications, Traffic Management and Navigation (CTAN)
Static data Who Every 6 mins/upon request Mobile Maritime Service Identity (MMSI) IMO number (if assigned) Callsign Name Length and beam Ship location of AIS Voyage data Where Every 6 mins/upon request Destination / ETA Cargo Dynamic data Where Depend on speed and course change At anchor: 3 mins Slow moving: 4-12 secs Fast moving: 2-6 secs MMSI Position Time stamp (seconds) Course Speed Heading Nav status (e.g., “anchored”, “underway”) [manual entry] What does AIS Report?
MSSIS Tech Overview • Incorporates worldwide servers combining many AIS data streams into a single near real-time (<5min) stream • Open architecture design, enabling data streaming via standard protocols • Networked via regionally-based, redundant file servers using encrypted data links (TCP/IP SSL secure socket layer) between gov’t entities • Utilizing downloadable user interface software (Transview32) • Access controlled via hardware key and passwords with usage terms reconfirmed at every sign-in
Typical AIS Receiver Stations • Inexpensive Commercial off the shelf Technology • Simple System – avg $3K • Gold Plated – avg $75K • Uses existing VHF Marine Band • Individual Systems (Now) • High Capacity - 4500 reports/minute • Real Time - update every two seconds • Basic Ship Movement Data • Individual AIS Receiver Data can be fused into networks spanning regions and the world, via MSSIS. VHF Antenna MSSIS Server Laptop / TV 32
SUMMARY Guiding Principle = Open Maritime Data Sharing • You share, you receive • Data being exchanged - open, un-altered, transparent, reciprocal • Shared through open systems, internet based, easily interfaced • Implemented via a global view, regional approach, locally applied • Information is shared widely, building a culture of trust, confidence and mutual support with a common focus of maritime awareness • Creating a new global standard in shipping efficiency & awareness
Existing MSSIS/TV32 Applications • Cape Cod Canal • - Channel Traffic Management • Columbia River Pilots • -Pilot Display • -Hydro Graphic Survey
Google Earth MSSIS/TV32 with Google Earth overlay
Terrorism Maritime Awareness Illegal Immigration Environmental Attack Human Smuggling Drug Trade Trade Disruption Organized Crime Piracy Weapons Proliferation 89,000+ vessels over 100 Gross tons.