Ottawa Mandarin SchoolAdult Class 2012-13Instructor: Daniel C. Lee Week 04: October 13, 2012 Review and finish pronunciation Greetings
Review of pronunciation and tones 1324 2341 3412 4213 1423 3214 man, mang, men, meng, mian, mie, mo, mou, muo nan, nang, ne, neng, nian, niu, ning, nü, nuan, nuo pang, peng, pian, po qi, qian, qiao, qiu, qiong, qü, qüan, qüe ran, rang, re, ren, reng, rou, ruan, rui, ruo san, sang, se, seng, si, sou, sui
Titles In Chinese, titles go after people’s surname. It is very impolite to call senior people by their first name. Mr. Lee 李先生Miss Wang 王小姐 General titles (e.g. client, stranger) Male 老先生 >先生> 小弟> 小朋友 Female 老太太 > 女士 > 小姐 > 小妹 > 小朋友
Titles for more familiar peoplee.g. neighbors, best friends’ family 爺爺 > 伯伯> 叔叔> 大哥> 小 X (surname) 奶奶 > 伯母> 阿姨> 大姐> 小X (surname) Difference: 伯伯: he is older than my father 叔叔: he is younger than my father 大哥: he is older than me, a lot younger than my father
Exercise: Let’s replace the titles in lesson 1How would they call each other? Mrs. Li’s full name = 李莉莉 Mr. Wang’s full name = 王旺旺 • Mrs. Li is 20. Mr. Wang is 30. They are neighbours. • Mrs. Li is 20. Her father is 45. Mr. Wang is 50. They are neighbors. • Mrs. Li is 40. Mr. Wang is 20. They are colleagues. • Mrs. Li is 80. Mr. Wang is 20. They meet for the first time. • Mrs. Li is 45. Mr. Wang is 20. His mother is 50. The families are good friends. • Ms. Li, 25, is not married. Mr. Wang, 25, is her boyfriend.
Greetings according to times • 早(安)。Good morning. (mainland)早上好。 (2) 午安。Good noon (11:00-13:00) (3) (mainland)晚上好。Good evening。 (4)晚安。Good night and goodbye.
How do people actually say Hi to each other • 吃過了嗎？Had breakfast? 吃了。吃了一點。 還沒吃。 I did. Had a little. Not yet. (2)睡得好嗎？Had a good sleep? 很好 > 還可以 > 不太好 > 別提了。 Very good. OK. Not very good. Do not ask.
How do people actually say Hi to each other (3)最近怎麼樣？How are things recently? (4)家人都好嗎？How is family? (5) 一切都好嗎？How is everything? 很好 > 還可以 > 不太好 > 別提了。 Very good. OK. Not very good. Do not ask.
How do people actually say Hi to each other (5)工作忙嗎？How is job? 忙死了。很忙。有點忙。 Busy to death. Very busy. A little busy. 還可以。很輕鬆。沒事做。 It is OK. Very relax. Nothing to do. 辭職了。換工作了。被炒了。 I resigned. I got another job. I was fired.
How do people actually say Hi to each other (6) 小孩好嗎？ 很乖。很聽話。成績進步了。 Well behaved. Listens to me. Grades have improved. 還那樣。 生病了。 搬出去了。 Same as before. Sick. Moved out. 出國了。 好久沒打電話來了。 Moved to another country. Have not called for a while.
How do people actually say Hi to each other (7) 太太好嗎？ 關你什麼事？她回娘家了。 Why do you care? She went back to her parents. 我們分居了。我們離婚了。 We are separated. We are divorced.
Exercise Two: Let’s revitalize lesson 2Let’s have some real conversation! Round 1: A asks about B. B responds. (pick one of the 7) Round 2: B asks about A. A responds. (pick one of the 7)