California State Standards for Today’s Lesson • 3.0 Students read and respond to works of literature. • 3.4 Determine characters’ traits by what the characters say about themselves in narration and dialogue.
1. In what ways do these portrayals of Piggy and Ralph match how each boy is described physically in the book? 2. What does each boy’s physical appearance & expression reveal about the kind of character/person that he is?
What is Characterization? • How a writer develops a character • Reveals character’s personality • Two kinds: Direct and Indirect Characterization
Direct Characterization • Author tells reader what the character is like • Example: “The patient boy and quiet girl were both well mannered and did not disobey their mother.” • Explanation: The author is directly telling the reader the personality of these two children. The boy is “patient” and the girl is “quiet.”
Indirect Characterization • Author showsthings that reveal the personality of a character. • Five Types: • Speech • Thoughts • Effect on others • Actions • Looks (Physical Appearance)
Indirect Characterization cont. Always ask yourself: what do these things reveal about the character?
Indirect Example: The Cat in the Hat • Which type? • Many of the words spoken by the cat at the beginning of the story have an upbeat connotative meaning. For instance, the cat says to the children, “But we can have / Lots of fun that is funny!” (Seuss 7). • SPEECH
Indirect Example: The Cat in the Hat • Throughout the first half of the story, the cat is shown with a smile on his face. Towards the end of the story, however, when the cat is told to leave, he is shown leaving the house with slumped shoulders and a sad face. • LOOKS
Indirect Example: The Cat in the Hat • The cat releases two “things” that fly kites inside the house. • ACTIONS
Indirect Example: The Cat in the Hat • “So all we could do was to Sit Sit! Sit! Sit And we did not like it. Not one little bit (3).” • THOUGHTS
Indirect Example: The Cat in the Hat • Throughout the first three quarters of the story, three different illustrations portray the fish scowling at the cat immediately after each of the cat’s activities. • EFFECT ON OTHERS