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Trench Warfare. What is trench warfare?. Military operations in which the opposing forces attack and counterattack from systems of fortified ditches rather than an open battlefield Strategy of defending a position by fighting from the protection of deep ditches. Trench Diagrams.

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Presentation Transcript
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Military operations in which the opposing forces attack and counterattack from systems of fortified ditches rather than an open battlefield
  • Strategy of defending a position by fighting from the protection of deep ditches
first battle of the marne
First Battle of the Marne
  • French troops stop German advance
  • Germans dig in and prepare to hold their ground
  • Two massive systems of opposing trenches stretch for 400 miles across the western front
what was it like
What was it like?

“Men standing in slime for days and nights in field boots…lost all sense of feeling in their feet. These feet of theirs, so cold and wet, began to swell and then go ‘dead’ and then suddenly to burn as though touched by red hot pokers.”

A picture of trench foot

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“Nothing to see but bare mud walls, nowhere to sit but on a wet muddy ledge; no shelter of any kind against the weather except the clothes you are wearing; no exercise you can take in order to warm yourself.”
trench conditions
Trench Conditions
  • Hopeless
  • Bleak and uncomfortable
  • Trenches ranged from simple holes to complex networks that were six to eight feet deep with rooms for sleeping and eating
  • Cold, wet, and dirty
  • Many health problems- disease spreads rapidly
  • Wide enough for 2 people to pass
  • Little shelter from the elements
  • Boring- could only repair trenches at night under cover of darkness
  • Attacks came before dawn
    • Soldiers “go over the top” and are mowed down by machine gun
slide9
From trench to trench
    • Area in between trenches called “no- man’s land”
      • 200 to 1000 yards
      • Much of fighting took place here
      • “Littered with the bodies of men”
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Some historians call WWI the first industrial war. Several new technologies were developed for warfare. One of the most destructive new weapons used in WWI was

  • The atomic bomb
  • The cannon
  • The fighter jet
  • Poison gas

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how did technology make wwi different from previous conflicts
How did technology make WWI different from previous conflicts?
  • The destructive nature of new weapons meant the war ended quickly
  • The destructive nature of the new weapons meant more casualties
  • Less men were required to fight
  • Generals were able to control the fight fully

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battle strategy in which soldiers fought from deep pits dug in the earth
Battle strategy in which soldiers fought from deep pits dug in the earth
  • Schlieffen Plan
  • Triple Entente
  • Alliance System
  • Trench Warfare

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new weapon that caused blindness blisters and choking
New weapon that caused blindness, blisters and choking.
  • Poison gas
  • Machine Gun
  • Tank
  • No Man’s Land

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who was president of the us during wwi
Who was President of the US during WWI?
  • Warren G. Harding
  • Calvin Coolidge
  • Woodrow Wilson
  • Abraham Lincoln

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