Teen Pregnancy Risks - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Teen Pregnancy Risks

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  1. Teen Pregnancy Risks

  2. FACTS • Over one million teens become pregnant each year • Majority is unplanned • Drastically alters their lives • Increased health risks • Social development for mom is altered • Educational goals are altered • 2/3 of all U.S. births to teens are unmarried

  3. Health Risks • Nutritional needs are already high for teens and greater when pregnancy occurs • Quality of food is usually not as good in teens • Mother and baby compete for nutrients • Most teens don’t get adequate exercise and rest • Some teens have developed harmful habits • Less than 2/3 receive prenatal care early on

  4. Health Risks • Complications of the pregnancy could be toxemia and anemia. • Infant mortality rate is greater • Percentage of birth defects is greater

  5. Risk to Baby • Low birth weight- 5lb. And under • Premature due to the size of the mother and compromised health as a result of such a young age. • Often, but not always the organs are not fully formed- heart, lungs, and liver. Etc. • Double the risks when it’s the second child for the teen

  6. Education • 2/3 of pregnant teens drop out • Many teens do not graduate from high school – 70% • Only a small percentage will graduate from college; lack of education limits employment opportunities • Earning potential is lowered • Quality of parenting due to the education needs of new teen mom

  7. Financial Stress • 2/3 spend their entire lives in poverty • Largest expense is housing. • Major stress occurs in the home in the division of work and child care, food, clothing, etc. • Financial programs last for up to five years. • Welfare is a one time event in an individuals life. The teen mother may qualify for various other programs which involve the children

  8. Emotional/ social stress • Often unprepared for the emotional stress of baby. • Lifelong responsibilities; More feelings of uncertainty about future, baby and the relationship with the baby’s father. • Many teen fathers stay connected to the child • Teen marriage is more likely to end in divorce later in life. Pregnancy is the only thing the couple has in common • Some have strong lasting marriages

  9. Emotional/ social stress • Isolation from friends • New roles • Increased rate of child abuse • Higher divorce rate • Higher rate of single-parent • Emotional immaturity contributes to an increased rate of child abuse • Teens generally lack understanding in the four major needs of children

  10. Alternatives • Single-parent • Marriage • Adoption • Abortion

  11. Successful teen parents • Good prenatal care from the beginning • Maturity to accept the responsibilities of parenthood and the put child first. • Stay in school! Providing for baby. ( Check into other programs offered) • Take advantage of other resources

  12. Seeking help • Baby’s father • Emotional and financial • Parents • Teachers, counselor, school-nurse • Family planning counselor