verb tenses n.
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Verb Tenses. Tense - the time of the action indicated by a verb. 6 Types. Present Tense. The present tense expresses something that is happening now (in the present) . It can also express an action which occurs always, repeatedly, or habitually. Examples: He sees the train.

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verb tenses

Verb Tenses

Tense - the time of the action indicated by a verb

present tense
Present Tense
  • The present tense expresses something that is happening now (in the present). It can also express an action which occurs always, repeatedly, or habitually.
  • Examples:

He seesthe train.

He eats cereal for breakfast every day.

past tense
Past Tense
  • The past tense expresses that something has already happened. The action was completed at a definite time in the past.
  • Examples:

He wrote the letter yesterday.

She lived to be 90 years old.

future tense
Future Tense
  • Future tense expresses that something is going to happen.
  • It uses the helping verbs will or shall*plus the present tense form of the verb.
  • Examples:

He will send the letter tomorrow.

I shall wait here until you return.

  • * Traditionally, shall is used for 1st person and will for 2nd and 3rd persons.
principal parts
Principal Parts
  • All the tenses of a verb come from four basic forms.
  • These basic forms are the principal parts of the verb.
principal parts1
Principal Parts
  • The present participle and the past participle are always used with a helping verb.
  • Principal parts are not considered tenses. They are simply the building blocks we use to form the different tenses.
present perfect tense
Present Perfect Tense
  • Present perfect tense expresses action that took place at an undefined time in the past. The action may still be going on.
  • This tense uses the helping verb hasor haveplus the past participle of the verb.
  • Examples:
    • He has written a letter to his uncle. (undefined time in the past)
    • The Waltonshave lived here for seven years. (still going on)
past perfect tense
Past Perfect Tense
  • Past perfect tense expresses an action in the past that was completed before another action took place.
  • It uses the helping verb hadplus the past participle of the verb.
  • Example:

She had written the letter before I saw her.

future perfect tense
Future Perfect Tense
  • Future perfect tense expresses action which will be completed beforeanother action in the future.
  • It uses the helping verbs will have or shall haveplus the past participle of the verb.
  • Example:

He will have finished the paper before next Friday.