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Africa and the Arrival of Islam. Mr. Millhouse AP World History Fall 2008. African states 600-1450. The Swahili States. Founded by Bantu settlers in 1 st millennium CE Islamic merchants settle in coastal villages Swahili culture emerges by 13 th century

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africa and the arrival of islam

Africa and the Arrival of Islam

Mr. Millhouse

AP World History

Fall 2008

the swahili states
The Swahili States
  • Founded by Bantu settlers in 1st millennium CE
    • Islamic merchants settle in coastal villages
  • Swahili culture emerges by 13th century
  • Major role in Indian Ocean trade network
    • Trade raw materials for Indian, Islamic, & Chinese luxuries
great zimbabwe
Great Zimbabwe
  • Dominates central Africa from 9th-16th centuries
  • Built massive stone enclosures (zimbabwe)
  • Supplied gold to the Swahili coast
  • Declined due to internal divisions by the 16th century
trans saharan trade
Trans-Saharan Trade
  • 300 C.E. camels replaced horses and donkeys as transport animals
    • Speeds travel across the Sahara
    • Trade in gold, salt, and ivory flourishes
    • Islam arrives in 7th century
rise of sudanic states
Rise of Sudanic States
  • Trans-Saharan trade led to the rise of the kingdoms in the Sudan
  • Common characteristics
    • Led by patriarch or council of elders
    • Based upon ethnic core
    • Rulers were considered sacred
    • Islam reinforced kingship
kingdom of ghana 750 1076
Kingdom of Ghana (750-1076)
  • Used territorial expansion to control Trans-Saharan trade routes
    • Trade led urbanization
  • Kings converted to Islam by the 10th century
    • Did not force upon others
  • Nomadic raids from the Sahara weakened Ghana in the early 13th century

Salt Mines

Gold Mines

kingdom of mali 1230 1620
Kingdom of Mali (1230-1620)
  • Malinke people created an empire in the early 13th century
    • Sundiata “the Lion Prince”
  • Agriculture, with the gold trade, was the base of the economy
    • Mansa Musa’s hajj in the 14th century became legendary
malinke economy
Malinke Economy
  • Most of the people were rural farmers
    • Small farms owned by families
  • A special merchant class, called the juula, controlled trade
  • Slave trade became common after the Islamic conquest of North Africa
    • High demand for women and children
    • Estimated 4.8 million slaves over 700 years
malinke society culture
Malinke Society & Culture
  • Formation of the kingdom heightened social differences
  • Society was organized according to clans
  • Many societies were matrilineal
    • Women enjoyed more freedom than most Eurasian cultures
  • Polygamy was common
malinke culture
Malinke Culture
  • Large portions of the population did not convert to Islam
    • Many converts maintained some of their old beliefs
  • History maintained by oral historian called griots

Drawing of a Malinke Griot

djenne timbuktu
Djenne & Timbuktu
  • Timbuktu was famous for its library and university
  • Djenne was famous for The Great Mosque
    • Largest adobe building in the world

Madrasa Sankore in Timbuktu

songhai empire 1340 1591
Songhai Empire (1340-1591)
  • From the early 15th to the late 16th century, Songhai was one of the largest African empires in history
    • Founded by Sunni Ali and expanded by Askia Muhammad the Great
  • Conquered by Moroccans, with muskets, in 1591
kingdom of benin
Kingdom of Benin
  • City-state established by the Edo peoples in the 15th century
  • Known for its bronze and ivory sculptures
  • Portuguese were impressed by Benin City and the quality of Benin’s artwork