The Coping Strategy Index (CSI). Tools and Methodology . Sentinel Site Training- Kabul, Afghanistan May 20 -22 2012 Aida Ndiaye. Overview. CSI – basic LOGIC CSI – basic question CSI (reduced)– the indicator (or index) CSI – utility and utilization CSI – the tool
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The Coping Strategy Index (CSI) Tools and Methodology Sentinel Site Training- Kabul, Afghanistan May 20 -22 2012 Aida Ndiaye
Overview • CSI – basic LOGIC • CSI – basic question • CSI (reduced)– the indicator (or index) • CSI – utility and utilization • CSI – the tool • CSI – computing the index • CSI –understanding CSI scores • Exercises
CSI – the basic logic • When faced with a food shortfall, or the threat of a food shortfall, households enact a range of strategies (adjustments from ‘normal behavior’) to cope • CSI utilizes the range of coping strategies enacted by a HH to derive a proxy indicator of its relative food insecurity status
CSI – basic question ‘What do you do when you don’t have enough food and don’t have enough money to buy food?’
CSI – the indicator (or reduced index) • Is built around five questions that represent varying degrees of food coping strategies carried out by a household within the last 7 days. • Is a composite indicator (or index) of HH food insecurity that combines the severity of the strategies and the frequency of use of the strategy a household enacts frequency*severity… • Developed to be used to compare food security across different contexts. • The more severe the coping strategies used by a HH and the more frequently they are used, the higher the CSI score • The higher the CSI score, the more food insecure the household
CSI – utility and utilization • Useful as both current (situation analysis) & leading indicator (early warning) • HH can be compared within and between contexts
CSI – computing the index • A household’s CSI score is calculated by multiplying the frequency value (freq) of each coping strategy by its severity weight (sev) • Summing the product of this calculation for the five consumption coping strategies included in the CSI list • The formula is CSI = (freqCS1*sevCS1)+ (freqCS2*sevCS2)+ …… + (freqCS5*sevCS5)
CSI – understanding CSI scores Which livelihood group was more food insecure in Jan – 04? Riverine Farming Which livelihood group has become more food insecure between Jan 04 –Jan 05? Pastoralists
Exercise 1 • Compute the Index for household A
Exercise 2 • Compute the Index for household B.
Exercise 3 • Compute the Index for household C.
Questions • Whichhouseholdis the mostfoodinsecure? • Whichhouseholdis least foodinsecure?
Answer 1 • Computingthe Index for household A. • CSI= (3x1) + (2x2) + (3x1) + (2x3) + (2x1)= 18
Answer 2 • Computingthe Index for household B. • CSI= (4x1) + (2x2) + (3x1) + (2x3) + (3x1)= 20
Answer 3 • Computingthe Index for household C. • CSI= (4x1) + (1x2) + (2x1) + (0x3) + (0x1)= 8
Questions • Whichhouseholdis the mostfoodinsecure? • Household B is the mostfoodinsecure • Whichhouseholdis least foodinsecure? • Household Cis the least foodinseure