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The Chin (221BCE) vs. The Han (207 BCE) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Chin (221BCE) vs. The Han (207 BCE). Philosophy. Legalist-action not words. Confucianism i.e. stability. Great Wall , Chinese dictionary, Standardized money. Legacy. -The Silk Road -Conquered Central Asia. Reputation. Ruthless, oppressive. Well organized social structure.

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The Chin (221BCE) vs. The Han (207 BCE)



not words


i.e. stability

Great Wall ,

Chinese dictionary,




-The Silk Road


Central Asia




Well organized

social structure

  • Supreme figure of government.
  • Father and mother of his people and the son of heaven.
  • Responsible for keeping the balance.
  • Not worshipped as a god.
  • Mandate of heaven - meant that if things went bad, the people would rise up and depose him.
education examination and law
Education Examination and Law
  • The vast majority remained illiterate until the 20th century.
  • For the elite, education was extremely important.
  • When children reached eight, girls and boys were separated.
  • Girls educated in deportment.
  • Boys who wanted to enter the government had to memorize 400’000 words that made up the classics.
  • Very specific rules
  • Relative to the person being accused
  • Flogging, work-camps and exile were preferred over execution
  • Guilty until proven innocent
  • This system is at the root of China’s poor record of human rights
the decline of the han
The Decline of the Han
  • The peasants suffered as the gap between rich and poor grew.
  • A number of rebellions broke out and powerful landlords and generals were no longer loyal to the Emperor.
  • The last Emperor Abdicated in 220 BCE.

What happens when an Empire collapses?





why china and not rome
Why China and not Rome?

Buddism was the religion of over

half the world. It kept the Chinese

Together at a time of crisis

the second empire 589
The Second Empire - 589
  • Once again united China
  • Rebuilt all that was

lost during disunion

  • Lowered taxes and

kept his government


  • His son lost the respect

of the people = rebellion

Emperor Wendi

china s golden age the tang dynasty
China’s Golden Age: The Tang Dynasty

-Greatest territorial extent

-cities and culture flourished

-restored school systems

-land given to peasants

-rule was just and fair

assignment read pages 350 359
Assignment – Read pages 350-359
  • Questions 1-3
  • Complete Question 3 on page 363