December 7, 1941 • Sunday morning at 7:55 • Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, a US Naval Base • Surprise attack by Japanese bombers • 2,400 soldiers die • Destroy boats, planes, and other military supplies • 1st attack on US soil since Civil War, worst attack until 9/11(kills 3,500 civilians) • “A date which will live in infamy”
Why attack Pearl Harbor? • Empire building: Japanese control & Europeans ousted • Needed oil & steel: • Trade Sanctions: US stopped selling • Hoped US would back down / defeat US • Did NOT destroy air craft carriers
US decodes J. msg – knew they might attack • Hold talks b/w US & J in Wash DC
Executive Order 9066 • FDR orders all ppl of Japanese descent on the West Coast to relocate (Feb 1942) • Internment Camps: over 100,000, mostly citizens, held for up to 4 years
Japanese Internment Doc Letter/ # Describe what you learn about internment from this document • A Summarize Japanese internment in 3-4 sentences.
Is this legal? • Fred Korematsu vs. U.S. • Arguments for Korematsu • Arguments for US
Is this legal? • Fred Korematsu vs. U.S. • Arguments for Korematsu • Discrimination based on race • No signs of espionage (spying), disloyalty • Arguments for US • Necessary war measure • Ensure Americans’ safety
Who wins? • THE US ! • 1970s – his conviction overturned – no proof of espionage • 1980s – Reagan officially apologizes, each internee got $20,000 • 1990s – Clinton gave Korematsu Medal of Freedom
Is this similar or different from Trump’s executive order to pause immigration from 7 Muslim nations?