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National Conference On Skill Building Through Public-Private Participation: Opportunities & Constraints New Delhi : Oct 5-6 2007. Presentation by C V Khandelwal COO (Polyester) Indo Rama Synthetics ( I ) Ltd A-31 MIDC, Industrial Estate Nagpur, Maharastra.

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National Conference On Skill Building Through Public-Private Participation: Opportunities & Constraints

New Delhi : Oct 5-6 2007

Presentation by C V Khandelwal

COO (Polyester)

Indo Rama Synthetics ( I ) Ltd

A-31 MIDC, Industrial Estate

Nagpur, Maharastra



Challenges For India in Education System

Technical Education : An Overview

Industrial Training Institutes In India

Recent Government Initiatives To Strengthen ITI’s

Centre of Excellence ( CoE )

Industrial Training Institute

-- In Maharastra

-- In Nagpur & Butibori

ITI Butibori: A Profile

Pathforward For Upgradation


Challenges For India in Education System


  • To achieve international competitiveness in the present era of globalistion, businesses require a skilled workforce that is responsive to emerging market & is equipped with knowledge of advanced technologies.
  • As India integrates itself with the world economy, which is largely driven by knowledge & skills, there is an imperative need to re-look at the existing ability of Indian Industry to benefit from the globalisation in terms of price, quality, safety & productivity which in turn is contingent upon the availability of a globally competent labour force. In the recent decade, growth rate of employment in the country was less than the growth rate of labour force, indicating there is an increase in rate of unemployment.
  • Up gradation of technical education & skill development system in the country should thus form the core of the Human Resources development strategy of the government
  • To cater to this need, existing Education as well as Vocational Training System should be aligned with the present needs.

Challenges For India in Education System

Employment & Unemployment Scenario in India

  • Total Labour Force ( 2006 Estimate ) 509 million
  • Labour Force By Occupation
    • -- Agriculture 60%
    • -- Industry 12%
    • -- Services 28%
  • Employment in Organised Sector 473 ( 93% )
  • Employment in Unorganised Sector 36 ( 7% )
  • Rate of Unemployment 1.2%
  • New Entrant to Labour Force Every Year 7 to 8 million

Source: CIA world fact book India


Challenges For India in Education System

World Economic Growth ( Real GDP % Change YoY )

Source: IMF July 2007

growth of developing countries bric brazil russia india china
Growth of developing Countries(BRIC-Brazil,Russia,India,China)
  • In less than 40 years, the BRICs’ economies together would be larger than the G6 in US dollar terms. By 2025 they could account for over half the size of the G6. Currently they are worth less than 15%.
  • India’s economy would be larger than all but the US and China in 30 years.

Challenges For India in Education System

Public Expenditure on Education as % of GDP ( 2002 /2001 )

Source: Edward Haugh Presentation on Education


Technical Education in India : An Overview

Existing No. of Various Technical Institutions in India



Source: Dr P K Tulsi Presentation in Education Workshop Mgmt.


Technical Education In India : An Overview

Growth of Technical Institutions in India

Source: Dr P K Tulsi Presentation in Education Workshop Mgmt.


Technical Education In India: An Overview

Growth of Intake To Technical Institutions in IndiaTotal Intake in ITI’s : 6.28 Lac

Source: Dr P K Tulsi Presentation in Education Workshop Mgmt.


Technical Education In India : An Overview

  • Challenges For India in Vocational Training ITI’s
  • India has over 4,200 industrial training institutes (ITI) imparting education and training in 43 engineering and 24 non-engineering trades.
  • 1,654 are government run ITIs, while 2,620 are private.
  • The total seating capacity in these ITIs is 6.28 lakh.
  • In addition, about 1.65 lakh persons undergo apprenticeship vocational training every year in state-run enterprises.
  • If a wider definition of applied courses is taken that includes agriculture, engineering and other professional subjects, the total number receiving job related training is about 17 lakh per annum, which still represents only 14 per cent of new entrants to the workforce.

Source: Developed Nation India 2010 website


Technical Education In India : An Overview

  • Challenges For India in Vocational Training ITI’s
  • More than 93% of the labour force is employed in the “unorganised sector” i.e sectors which don’t provide with the social security & other benefits of employment in the “organised sector”.
  • Over 70% of the labor force in all the sector combined ( organised & unorganised ) is either illiterate or educated below the primary level.
  • India's labour force is growing at a rate of 2.5 per cent annually, but employment is growing at only 2.3 per cent. Thus, the country is faced with the challenge of not only absorbing new entrants to the job market (estimated at seven million people every year), but also clearing the backlog.

Source: Developed Nation India 2010 website


Technical Education In India : An Overview

  • Challenges For India

Vocational Skills in India Compares Unfavorably to other countries.

India Receives only 8% formal Vocational Training which is very less.


Source: Efficiency training Study Report by ILO


Industrial Training Institute In India

Vocational Education (VE) &Vocational Training(VT) in India

  • Vocational Education’ refers to vocational courses being offered in schools for Grades 11 and 12 students under a Centrally Sponsored Scheme 'Vocationalization of Secondary Education‘. Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD ) has overall responsibility.
  • Vocational Training is offered through separate training institutes set up for the purpose .Ministry of Labour & Employment has over all responsibility

Industrial Training Institute In India

The State Governments are responsible for implementation of Vocational Training Programmes at the State level

They deliver vocational training through :-

Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs)- under the administrative and financial control of the respective State Government .

Industrial Training Centers (ITCs)- privately funded and managed. (some get support from State Governments)


Industrial Training Institute In India

  • India has only 5100 Industrial Training Institute & 1745 Polytechnics compared to 5,00,000 similar institutes in China.
  • USA boasts of 1500 trade training programme compared to India’s 171.

Industrial Training Institutes (ITI’s )

    • Objective:-
  • - To fill up the gap between manpower available & the technically skilled manpower requirement.
  • - To impart Quality Training to the Trainees.
  • - To achieve International Competitiveness in the present era of Business globalization.

Recent Government Initiatives To Strengthen ITI’s

Recent Initiatives Taken By Government To Strengthen ITI’s

  • Establishments of new ITI’s in the North Eastern states & in Jammu Kashmir.
  • Introduction of multi skilled courses in selected ITI’s
  • Ten new courses with strong Industry linkage approved for introduction in the ITI’s.
  • Introduction of externally aided projects for reforms & improvements in vocational Training services rendered by State Governments.
  • Up gradation of ITI’s into Centre of Excellence ( CoE )

Recent Government Initiatives To Strengthen ITI’s


Extract of the Budget Speech 2004-05,

“I am concerned about the quality of technical education in the country. Lest I be misunderstood, I am not referring to the IITs but to the ITIs. ITIs are the training ground for skilled manpower. The skills imparted by ITIs must keep pace with the technological demands of industry and the expanding universe of knowledge”

There is only one benchmark for our technicians and that is the world standard. In order to produce technicians of world standard, Government proposes to launch a programme in the Central sector to upgrade 400 ITIs over the next 5 years at the rate of 100 ITIs a year.

Here I Welcome Public-Private Partnership model for designing and implementing the scheme.


Recent Government Initiatives To Strengthen ITI’s

Govt. decided to upgrade 400 ITI’s with avg. allocation per ITI being

Rs 3.0 crores


Centre of Excellence ( CoE )

Upgradations of ITI’s Into Centre of Excellance ( CoE )

“Centre of Excellence is special Institute for Vocational Training characterized by close links between Institutes, other training providers, other employment interests and communities”

The Scheme

  • It aims to produce appropriately qualified and skilled workers with excellent employment and career prospectus which meet the needs of the economy
  • Modernisation & Upgradation of ITIs into Centres of Excellence
  • Development of 100 Government ITIs as Center of Excellence in 10th Plan Period
  • This scheme has been launched to bridge the gap of skill requirement of Industry & Service Sector and that is presently being provided in the ITI's

Centre of Excellence ( CoE )

Objective of Centre of Excellance ( CoE ) Scheme

  • Main objective is to produce multi skilled workforce of world standard by Introducing new multi-skill modular courses as per needs of Industry.
  • Improving physical infrastructure facilities like building, equipment etc.
  • Adopting new training technology with close involvement of industry.
  • Empowering these Centres by providing sufficient autonomy.
  • Building up partnership with nearby industry setting up Institute Management Committee (IMC).

CoE Objective: Formation of IMC

Bridging Gap Between Industry & Institute

Institute Managing Committee (IMC)

To have effective decentralization, autonomy and to make training accountable to users, it’s proposed to constitute a separate Institute Managing Committee (IMC) for each ITI having representation of Government, Industry and others.

The IMC comprises 11 members

  • One member will be nominated by Central Government
  • Five members by States/UTs
  • Five members including the Chairman from the Industry Associations namely FICCI/ CII/ ASSOCHAMetc.

CoE Objective: Formation of IMC

Bridging Gap Between Industry & Institute

Role & Responsibility of IMC

  • Generation & Utilization of Finance
    • Through various projects from Industry
    • The IMC would encourage donors to donate funds to the institutes
    • Utilization of funds will be as decided by them
  • Students selection
    • Vocational guidance
    • Career prospects
    • Introductory seminars
    • Adopt various transparent selection of methods of selection
  • Employment
    • Before passing out all ITI students will be registered with
      • Local Employment Exchange
      • Overseas employment cell
      • Regional HQs of FICCI ,CII and ASSOCHAM
      • Campus interviews
    • Trainees will be helped by the IMC/Industry for self employment.

CoE Objective: Formation of IMC

Bridging Gap Between Industry & Institute

Role & Responsibility of IMC

  • Industrial Training
    • prepare guidelines for the industrial training with details of periods of training including projects for students and faculty.
    • decide about the stipend to be paid to each student and faculty.
  • Curriculum Revamping
    • revamp the curriculum of any trade above the NCVTs norms on the basis of industry needs.
    • include new trades and discontinue the obsolete trades
  • MIS System
    • Under guidance of the Steering Committee, the Managing Committee will introduce an MIS System for each ITI
    • Industry associations will provide the necessary inputs for creating such MIS System
  • Capital Expenditure
    • The proposals for procurement of equipment will be cleared by IMC before orders are placed
    • The proposals of Civil works (including additions/ alterations in the existing building) will be cleared by IMC

Industrial Training Institute In Maharastra

Scope In Maharastra State

Long coastal belts, vast forest, rich in mineral resources, progressive governance, good infrastructure like rail, roads, ports & airports has made Maharastra an opening arena to business men to setup mega industries.

A good number of special economic zone ( SEZs ) have set up to further acclerate industrial growth & exports of the state.

The Directorate of Technical Education & Training, Maharastra is playing a pivotal role in the planning & implementation of Technical education at Degree, Diploma,& vocational Training to produce qualitative skilled manpower to meet the needs of the industries

For effective monitoring of Centre of Excellences ( CoEs ) the Govt. is all set to provide IT zones / Parks.

With the background of massive industrialization Upgrading ITI’s into CoE is must to produce highly skilled workforce. Thus

Under upgradation of ITI’s into CoE, Government has taken initiatives to upgrade 75 Govt. ITI’s in Maharastra in Phases


Industrial Training Institute In Maharastra

Statistics of Government ITI’s In Maharastra State

In Maharastra State there approx. 300 Government ITI’s scattered in 6 regions,

Govt. ITI’s

Private ITI’s

Mumbai 55 nos

Pune 57 nos

Nashik 50 nos

Amravati 56 nos

Aurangabad 66 nos

Nagpur 62 nos

40 nos

46 nos

83 nos

07 nos

22 nos

43 nos

291 nos

241 nos


Industrial Training Institute In Nagpur & Butibori

Industrial Training Institute ( ITI ) Nagpur ( Nagpur Region )

Under Nagpur region there are 62 nos Govt. ITI.

 3 are from Nagpur

 Total Intake Capacity of 3 ITI’s is 1400 nos

 Total courses offered from ITI’s Nagpur on 33 different trades

 Total courses offered from ITI Butibori on 06 different trades


ITI Butibori A profile

  • Formation of the Institute = 1997
  • Total Staff Strength = 19
  • Intake Capacity = 92
  • Trade wise strength

ITI Butibori A Profile

Extra Curricular Activities

  • Organised Special Employment & self employment workshop for the trainees
  • Organised Blood donation camp. Tree Plantation prgramme.
  • Started new Production Oriented Scheme.
  • Started Loksewa Kendra Yojana.
  • Prashikshan Yojna (Training Scheme) implemented effectively for employment & self-employment for exploited & poor communities in the society
  • Implemented Apprenticeship scheme effectively for the pass out trainees

ITI Butibori A Profile

Institute Management Committee ( IMC ) of Butibori

1] Mr C V Khandelwal Chairman

Chief of Operations ( Polyester )

Indo Rama Synthetics (I) Ltd

Butibori Nagpur

2] Mr Sachchidanand Daarunde Member - Secretary


Govt. ITI

Butibori Nagpur

Along with 9 members

Under the guidance of IMC this institute working efficiently for the benefits of Trainees. Opportunities are provided to trainees for employment & on job training.


Path forward

PathForward For ITI upgradation

  • To promote the courses in advance technological fields like Information technology Industrial Electronics, Mediack Electronics, Computer Hardware maintenance, Advance Machine Tool maintenance etc.
  • To Close down the trades / courses which have less employability
  • To make training more effective & relevant.
  • Supply skilled workmen which will suit to demand of industries.
  • Attract more youth towards Vocational Education & Training.
  • To increase the chances of employment & self-employment of youths through systematic training.
  • To help for industrial & economical growth of nation by providing trained workface.

Path forward

PathForward For Industry-Institute Linkage through IMC

  • Memorandum of Understanding will be signed with different industries for interface of the instructors & trainees with industry.
  • IMC will ensure that the Industrial Visits of atleast 3 weeks for the final year students should be made mandatory for all trades.
  • Industries will be included in designing need based short term courses in ITI’s.
  • Industries will be invited to come forward by giving job work to the ITI’s.

Push Pull Strategy in Implementation of Employability of Skills


Institute training & assessment of employee skills

Employees demonstration of evidence of skills

Employability of




Employer pressure on institutes to assess employability skills


Path forward

What is Expected From The Industry

  • If we consider skilled manpower as one of the raw material for the industry, then ITIs are producing the said raw material. In case the raw material is not of the required standard, then the industry will face difficulty in producing quality goods and this will affect their market.
  • Industry should therefore, come forward in a big way and actively participate in the skill development activities.
  • Industry to participate actively right from the identification of training areas to evaluation of trainees.