Elements of Art Arts and Humanities Unit 2013
Elements of Art • The elements of art are the basic components (tools) that artist use to visually communicate. 7 Elements of Art • Line • Shape • Form • Value • Texture • Space • Color
Line • A mark drawn with a pointed, moving tool. Picture by Peit Mondrian
Main Types of Lines • Horizontal • Vertical • Diagonal • Straight • Curved
Contour Lines • Lines that define the form of an object
Implied Lines • Line that is not really painted or drawn but is created by a value or color change and series that are lined up someway.
Gesture Lines • A gesture is an expressive movement. • The purpose of drawing gestures is to capture the feeling of motion.
Shape • A two-dimensional area that is defined in some way with no form or thickness. • Shapes are flat and can be grouped into two categories: Geometric and Organic. Geometric Shapes Organic Shapes
Geometric Shapes • Geometric Shapes are precise shapes that can be described using mathematical formulas
Organic and Amorphous Shapes • Irregular or uneven shapes
Question #4 by Joan Miro
Green Tea Cup by Janet Fish • Question #5
Form • A three dimensional enclosed object
Form can refer to an actual three-dimensional object, like a sculpture or a building. It can also refer to a photo or picture of the three-dimensional object. The White House Statue of Liberty
Form can be organic or geometric Question #3 Two-Piece Reclining Figures by Henri Moore Question #4 The Great Pyramids in Giza Egypt
Week 2 Elements of Art- A&H Unit 2013
Value • The degree of light and dark in a design Value Scale
Shading • Also known as blending is a way of creating value and making objects look more three-dimensional.
Value is the same thing as shading and can make drawings look more realistic and three-dimensional
Hatching and Cross Hatching • Techniques used to create values with parallel lines
Stippling • Technique that uses dots to create values
Texture • Texture refers to the way things feel or look like they would feel.
Actual or “Real” Texture • Refers to the textures that you can really feel. Basket The Awakening by J. Seward Johnson Located at Hains Point outside of Washington DC
Implied Textures • Refers to textures that are created on a flat surface in paintings or drawings. This type of texture cannot be felt. Still Life By Janet Fish
Rubbing • A technique for transferring texture to paper
Space • In painting and drawing, space is the illusion of depth created by an artist on a flat surface
Parts of Space Negative • Positive Space • The objects in the art work. • Negative Space • The empty space between and behind the shapes American Gothic by Grant Wood Positive
Different types of Space in Art • Infinite or Deep Space • Lot of Area Marriage of the Virgin by Raphael
Different types of Space in Art • Shallow Space • Little or no area Sunflower by Vincent van Gogh
Perspective • Linear Perspective is a way of using converging lines to show distance and depth
Atmospheric and Aerial Perspective • Uses the atmospheric haze created by humidity, snow, smoke, rain, or other types of vapor to create the illusion of depth.
Color • The element of art that is derived from reflected art. • Primary Colors- The colors you must have to mix all other colors plus black and white. Red Blue Yellow
Secondary Colors • Colors made by mixing two primary colors together. Purple or Violet Orange Green
Neutral Colors • Black, Brown, Gray, and White
Tint- To add white To a color Shade- To add black To a color
Monochromatic • Variations of one color