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Wednesday, March 28, 2012. Goal: 10.9.1 Explain in detail what life was like in America during the Cold War In-class: Atomic Café Video, CST Review Questions Warm-up: What was the U.S. containment policy? Homework: None tonight!. Thursday, March 29, 2012.

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wednesday march 28 2012
Wednesday, March 28, 2012

Goal: 10.9.1 Explain in detail what life was like in America during the Cold War

In-class: Atomic Café Video, CST Review Questions

Warm-up: What was the U.S. containment policy?

Homework: None tonight!

thursday march 29 2012
Thursday, March 29, 2012

Goal: 10.9.4 Analyze the rise of Mao & explain the political & economic upheavals in China

In-class: 17.2 Communists Take Over China Notes, Worksheet

Warm-up: What are some things you know about China today? Policies? Government? Economy?

Homework:Finish worksheet (should be done in class)

communists vs nationalists
Communists vs. Nationalists
  • China was in a Civil War between the Nationalists & Communists
  • Japan invaded in 1937 and both groups united to fight against the Japanese during WWII
the communists
The Communists
  • Mao Zedong—leader of the Chinese Communist Party (founded in 1921)
  • Had a stronghold in Northwestern China
  • Mobilized peasants for guerilla warfare against the Japanese
  • Made efforts to improve food production & literacy & won support in NW China by 1945
the nationalists
The Nationalists
  • Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-Shek)—leader of the Nationalist
  • Dominated Southwest China
  • Did not do much fighting in WWII
  • Instead, they saved up strength to fight Mao’s Red Army after WWII ended
chinese civil war resumes
Chinese Civil War Resumes
  • Renewed Civil War lasted from 1946-1949
  • Nationalist Army outnumbered the Communists & were supported by the U.S.
  • Nationalists could not win popular support
  • China’s economy collapsed as a result of WWII & thousands of soldiers & civilians switched to the Communist Party
chinese civil war resumes1
Chinese Civil War Resumes
  • By 1949, China’s major cities fell to Mao’s Red Army
  • Jiang’s army & government fled to Taiwan
  • Mao’s Promises
    • Give land back to the peasants
    • China became the People’s Republic of China
    • Signed Treaty of Friendship with Russia (1950)
two chinas
Two Chinas
  • Taiwan or Nationalist

China

    • Supported by U.S.
    • Militarily weak & corrupt
    • Weak public support
  • Communist or People’s Republic of China
    • Supported by Soviets
    • Soviet-Chinese Alliance to support each other in an attack by the West
    • Experienced & motivated guerilla army
    • Strong public support
communist china expands
Communist China Expands
  • Chinese Red Army expanded into Tibet, India, & Mongolia
  • 1950-51, brutally took over Tibet & the Dalai Lama fled to India
  • India harbored Tibetan refugees which increased tension between China and India

Mongolia

India

communists transform china
Communists Transform China
  • Set up two political organizations, both headed by Mao until 1959
    • The Communist Party
    • National Government
  • Agrarian Reform Law of 1950
    • Mao seized land of owners & returned it to the peasants
    • Killed over a million people in the process
  • Established a 5-Year Economic Plan
    • Plan to boost industry & business
    • Increased output of coal, steel, concrete, & electricity
communists transform china1
Communists Transform China
  • The Great Leap Forward (1958)
    • Called for large collective farms, or communes
    • Peasants worked & lived there, owning nothing
    • Considered a failure after crop famines killed 20 million people
  • China and USSR begin to compete to led the worldwide Communist Movement by the late 1950s
the cultural revolution
The Cultural Revolution
  • Led by the Red Guards, militias of Communist supporters
  • Goal: to establish a society of peasants & workers in which all were equal
  • Anything artistic & intellectual considered useless
  • Shut down colleges and schools
  • Intellectuals had to “purify” themselves by doing hard labor
  • Thousands executed & imprisoned
  • Chaos threatened the farm production & industry
  • Communist National Army was told to suppress the Red Guards & end the revolution
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