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Mexico . Political Institutions. Legislative Branch. Executive Branch and Agencies. Judicial Branch. Elects. Appoints. Nominates. Federal Electoral Institute . Chamber of Deputies. Elects by 2/3rds vote. Federal districts and circuit judges. Local and State Government. Cabinet.

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Political Institutions


Legislative Branch

Executive Branch and Agencies

Judicial Branch




Federal Electoral Institute

Chamber of Deputies

Elects by

2/3rds vote

Federal districts and circuit judges

Local and State Government



Judicial Council

Appoints one


Appoints two


Appoints four

Nominates three

Mayors and Municipal Councils

Supreme Court

Nominates three

Attorney General

Electoral Court

State Legislatures

Elects by

2/3rds vote


Legislative branch congress
Legislative Branch: Congress

  • Divided into an upper house, the Senate, and a lower house, the Chamber of Deputies

  • Holds two sessions a year:

    • The first session begins on November 1 and ends on December 31

    • The second session begins in April 15 and ends on July 15

  • Permanent Committee of 18 Senators and 19 Deputies

Legislative branch the senate
Legislative Branch: The Senate

  • The Senate is the upper-house of the Congress

Winning Party

Sends 2 candidates



National List

National Action Party (PAN)

Voters in Sonora

Sends 1 candidate

Runner-up Party



Party (PRI)

Sends 1 candidate

  • 4 Senators from each state x 32 states= 128 total Senators

Legislative branch the senate1
Legislative Branch: The Senate

  • Powers of the Senate include:

    • Exclusive ability to oversee foreign affairs

    • Power to remove state governors and depose state legislatures

    • Confirm presidential appointments

Legislative branch the chamber of deputies
Legislative Branch: The Chamber of Deputies

  • The Chamber of Deputies is the lower-house of the Congress

  • It is comprised of 500 members

    • 300 members are elected by plurality in single-member districts

    • The additional 200 members are elected by proportional representation in five regional closed lists

  • Powers include:

    • Addressing all matters pertaining to the government’s budget and public expenditures

    • Approves appropriations legislation

    • In cases of impeachment, the Chamber has the power to prosecute

Executive branch the president
Executive Branch: The President

  • Serves for one six-year term, and cannot be re-elected

  • Powers include:

    • Right to appoint Cabinet members and Ambassadors

    • Supreme power over navy, army, and air force

    • Right to nominate Supreme Court Justices

    • Power to issue decrees and veto bills

Judiciary branch
Judiciary Branch

  • The Supreme Court is the highest federal court in the land, followed by the Circuit Courts and then the District Court

  • The Supreme Court consists of the President of the Supreme Court and ten Ministers, who serve for life

Political parties
Political Parties

National Action Party

Institutional Revolutionary Party

Party of the Democratic Revolution

Political parties pri
Political Parties: PRI

  • Former ruling party

  • No clear ideology

  • Typical voters: Small town or rural, less educated, older and poorer

Political parties pan
Political Parties: PAN

  • Established in 1939

  • Generally conservative ideology

  • Typical voters: Usually from the north, middle-class, urban, better educated, religious

Political parties prd
Political Parties: PRD

  • Founded in 1989 by former PRI members

  • Created out of a lost of trust in the dominant PRI party

  • Typical voters: Younger and more politically active, from the central states, some education, small town or urban


  • Called the Mexican Armed Forces

  • Three main missions:

    • Prepare to expel external aggressions

    • Prepare to protect the internal security of the country

    • Prepare to defend civilian population against natural disasters


  • Under PRI control, Mexico’s media had little power to openly criticize the government

  • When PRI began losing power in the 80s, the media became more independent

Elite recruitment
Elite Recruitment

  • Capitalinos: People born and raised in Mexico City

  • Tecnicos: Foreign trained experts, usually in economics, with careers built in the bureaucracy instead of party ranks or elected posts

Works cited

PAN Site

The Astro

Wilson Center



Presidencia Site


Works Cited

  • LA Times Online

  • Encyclopedia Britannica


  • NY Times

  • Congress of the Union Site

  • Huffington Post

  • Economist

  • MexConnect