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Chapter 23 An Era of Social Change. Final Exam Review Chapters 23, 24, 25, & 26. What problems did different Latino immigrant groups share?. Prejudice Job and housing discrimination High unemployment poverty.

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chapter 23 an era of social change

Chapter 23An Era of Social Change

Final Exam Review

Chapters 23, 24, 25, & 26

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

what problems did different latino immigrant groups share
What problems did different Latino immigrant groups share?
  • Prejudice
  • Job and housing discrimination
  • High unemployment
  • poverty

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

slide3
Who was the Mexican American labor leader who used non-violent means to help unionize Mexican farm workers?
  • Cesar Chavez

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

what impact did the grape boycott have
What impact did the grape boycott have?
  • It hurt the grower’s revenues as well as their public image and forced them to negotiate with the UFWOC (United Farm Workers Organizing Committee).
  • It thus enabled the union to win better wages and working conditions.

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

why did native americans resist assimilation
Why did Native Americans resist assimilation?
  • Many viewed white culture as shallow and meaningless.

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

what was the american indian movement aim and what were 3 things they did to fight for their rights
What was the American Indian Movement (AIM) and what were 3 things they did to fight for their rights.
  • Militant NA rights organization
  • “Trail of Broken Treaties” march on Wash, DC;
  • Occupied the federal office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and destroyed records and property;
  • Held hostages at Wounded Knee SD ending in deadly shootout.

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

why did the feminist movement gain momentum in the 1960s
Why did the feminist movement gain momentum in the 1960s?
  • The civil rights and antiwar movements inspired women to act and opened their eyes to unequal treatment.

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

what concerns motivated people to oppose the era
What concerns motivated people to oppose the ERA?
  • Fear of change and the perceived drastic effects the amendment might have had on traditional family life.

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

what events and other factors hastened the decline of the counterculture movement
What events and other factors hastened the decline of the counterculture movement?
  • The dark side of the drug and music scene
  • The hippies’ inability to exist outside mainstream society

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

what did rock n roll symbolize for american youth
What did rock ‘n’ roll symbolize for American youth?
  • Rebellion against the establishment

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

what were the effects of the conservative opposition to the counter culture
What were the effects of the conservative opposition to the counter-culture?
  • Frightened and angry, mainstream society elected conservative “law and order” candidate Richard M. Nixon to the presidency.

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

chapter 24 an age of limits

Chapter 24An Age of Limits

Final Exam Review

Chapters 23, 24, 25, & 26

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

what was the goal of nixon s new federalism
What was the goal of Nixon’s New Federalism?
  • Shrink the size and responsibility of the federal government by distributing some of its power to state and local governments.

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

slide14
What is stagflation? What did Nixon do that provided temporary relief from stagflation, even though it failed eventually?
  • high inflation and high unemployment.
  • Raised taxes and cut the budget to reverse deficit spending;
  • Reduced the amount of money in circulation by raising interest rates;
  • Froze workers’ wages and business prices for 90 days.

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

the causes of stagflation 1967 1973
The causes of stagflation 1967-1973
  • High inflation prompted by deficit spending on the Vietnam War and the Great Society;
  • Increased foreign competition and a flood of new workers, i.e., women and baby boomers;
  • Dependence on foreign oiland OPEC’s subsequent embargo of the US over its support of Israel.

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

explain the policy of realpolitik
Explain the policy of realpolitik.
  • American foreign policy should be based solely on considerations of power, not on ideals or moral principles.

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

which country did nixon visit in 1972 in an effort to ease cold war tensions
Which country did Nixon visit in 1972 in an effort to ease cold war tensions?
  • Opened friendly diplomatic and economic relations with China.

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

what is meant by the imperial presidency
What is meant by the “imperial presidency”?
  • The idea that the executive branch had become the most powerful of the 3 branches, acting as a supreme authority.

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

why would the nixon campaign team take the risky action of breaking into the dnc headquarters
Why would the Nixon campaign team take the risky action of breaking into the DNC headquarters?
  • Because of Nixon’s overwhelming fear of losing and the team’s belief that all means should be taken to defeat the opponent.

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

what steps did the white house take to cover up its involvement in the watergate break in
What steps did the White House take to cover up its involvement in the Watergate break-in?
  • Shredded documents
  • Obstructed the investigation
  • Paid the burglars to remain silent

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

why was the revelation that nixon taped all his conversations important
Why was the revelation that Nixon taped all his conversations important?
  • They would provide clear and concise evidence as to what Nixon knew about Watergate and when he knew it.

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

explain the lasting consequences of watergate
Explain the lasting consequences of Watergate.
  • The American public and the media developed a deep cynicism and mistrust towards politics and politicians that endures today.
  • Remains the scandal and investigative story against which all others are measured.

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

what led to the collapse of d tente with the soviet union under carter
What led to the collapse of détente with the Soviet Union under Carter?
  • Soviet human rights violations
  • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan
  • Détente is a policy aimed at easing Cold War tensions by becoming more flexible when dealing with communism.

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

what was carter s foreign policy based on what was a large achievement of his foreign policy
What was Carter’s foreign policy based on? What was a large achievement of his foreign policy?
  • Carter believed that the US needed to commit itself to promoting human rightsthroughout the world, i.e., freedoms and liberties listed in the Declaration of Independence and Bill of Rights.
  • Camp David Accords are the first peace agreement between Israel and an Arab country

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

what effects did rachel carson s book silent spring have on the nation
What effects did Rachel Carson’s book, Silent Spring, have on the nation?
  • Raised America’s awareness that many of our activities were potentially harmful to the environment.

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

chapter 25 the conservative tide

Chapter 25The Conservative Tide

Final Exam Review

Chapters 23, 24, 25, & 26

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

what was the agenda of the new right
What was the agenda of the New Right?
  • Opposed
    • abortion,
    • affirmative action,
    • Entitlement programs (welfare),
    • and the ERA Amendment

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

what were the concerns of the moral majority
What were the concerns of the Moral Majority?
  • Restore traditional family values
  • Reduce the divorce rate
  • Reduce the number of unmarried couples
  • Increase individual responsibility

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

what factors led to reagan s victory in 1980
What factors led to Reagan’s victory in 1980?
  • Anxiety about America’s future
  • Weak economy with high inflation
  • Carter’s failure to win the freedom of the hostages in Iran
  • Growing conservative mood over abortion, pornography, the teaching of evolution, and prayer in public schools
  • His relaxed, charming, and affable character

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

reaganomics
“Reaganomics”
  • Reduce the size and influence of federal government
  • Cut spending on entitlement programs (welfare)
  • Tax cuts for top earners and business (supply-side economics) to stimulate growth
  • Increase defense spending
  • Doubled the national debt
  • Rich got richer as poverty worsened for many others

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

main ideas of supply side economics
Main ideas of supply-side economics
  • Fewer taxes
  • Saving more $
  • banks then loan to businesses for investment and improved productivity
  • Increased supply of goods would force down prices

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

what was the strategic defense initiative
What was the strategic defense initiative
  • SDI or Star Wars
  • A defensive shield protecting America from Soviet ICBMs
  • DoD estimates will cost trillions of $s

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

on what did reagan spend the most federal money
On what did Reagan spend the most federal money?
  • Doubled the defense budget
    • MX missile
    • B-1 bomber

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

how did gorbachev change the soviet union
How did Gorbachev change the Soviet Union?
  • Realizing it was on the brink of economic and political collapse, he offered new plans based on glasnost (openness) and perestroika (restructuring of Soviet society);
    • Less government control over the economy;
    • Allowed private enterprise (capitalism);
    • Established democratic practices;
    • Reduced military spending

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

signs that the cold war was over
Signs that the Cold War was over?
  • The Soviet Union dissolved
  • Germany was unified
  • Eastern European countries adopt democracy

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

what prompted the persian gulf war
What prompted the Persian Gulf War?
  • Iraq has huge war debt from war with Iran
  • Claimed oil-rich Kuwait is part of Iraq
  • Iraq invades and conquers Kuwait, heading towards Saudi Arabiaand US oil interests

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

chapter 26 the 1990s and the new millennium

Chapter 26The 1990s and the New Millennium

Final Exam Review

Chapters 23, 24, 25, & 26

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

what acts of terrorism targeted americans preceding 2001
What acts of terrorism targeted Americans preceding 2001?
  • World Trade Center in 1993
  • Oklahoma City bombing 1995
  • Two American embassies in Africa
  • USS Cole in Middle East

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

what lesson did we learn from the 2000 election
What lesson did we learn from the 2000 election?
  • Election weaknesses:
    • Confusing ballot design, voting machine mishaps
    • Partisan arguing
    • Manual recounts said the Supreme Court lacked uniform standards and therefore violated equal protection for voters
  • Election strengths:
    • The government continued to function

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

explain the economic trends in the us in the 1990s
Explain the economic trends in the US in the 1990s
  • Explosive growth of jobs in the service sector, the part of the economy that provides services to consumers.
  • By 2000, almost 80% of American workers are service sector.
  • Low-paying sales and fast-food jobs grew fastest.
  • Corporate down-sizing by 1998, ¼ of workers are part-time or temporary
  • ¾ of young workers expect to earn less than parents

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

what is the technology from the 1990s that has changed america
What is the technology from the 1990s that has changed America?
  • The internet (international network)
  • Originally developed in the 60s by the DoD and used to share research among universities
  • WWW provides interface of pictures, sound, and words to an unlimited audience all across the globe

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS

explain why our social security system is in trouble
Explain why our social security system is in trouble?
  • Increased life expectancy due to medical advances and healthy lifestyles
  • Aging of the baby boomers
  • Declining birth rates
  • So if nothing is done to reform the system, it will soon pay out more $ out than it will bring in = bankruptcy

Mr. Homan, American Cultures, NPHS