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Introduction. The History of Nylon Presentation on the development of man made fibres especially nylon 6-6 Presentation by Güne ş TAVMEN & Stefan SCHINZEL. Table of Contents. Contents : Introduction Reflections of the Nylon 6-6 History Outcome Conclusion Questions & Discussion.

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introduction
Introduction

The History of Nylon

Presentation on the development of man made fibres especially nylon 6-6

Presentation by Güneş TAVMEN & Stefan SCHINZEL

table of contents
Table of Contents
  • Contents:
  • Introduction
  • Reflections of the Nylon 6-6 History
  • Outcome
  • Conclusion
  • Questions & Discussion
1 research questions
1 Research Questions
  • Research questions:
      • Do documents on history shape the perceptions of certain subjects?
      • Can history be seen from an objective perspective ?
      • Is there a general objective perspective at all ?
1 1 why nylon 6 6
1.1 Why Nylon 6-6 ?

Why Nylon 6-6 (Polyamide 6-6) ?

A black box embodied in our lives

Wide influence on society

Change of relation between lab and commercial industry

More recent innovation

very well documented

1 2 utilization of nylon 6 6
1.2 Utilization of Nylon 6-6
  • The utilization of Nylon 6-6:
      • Textile industry (“wash and wear”)
      • Musical instruments
      • Toothbrush
      • Carpets
      • Outdoor clothing (inc. tents, backpacks etc)
      • Tires, etc…
1 3 properties of nylon 6 6
1.3 Properties of Nylon 6-6
  • Chemical & mechanical properties of Nylon 6-6:
      • High tensile strength (stretchable without deformation)
      • Excellent chemical resistance
      • High mechanical strength and heat resistance
      • Easy to process
      • Can be dyed easily
2 methodology
2 Methodology
  • Methodology:
      • Brief introduction to the three different views on history:
        • The inventor (W. Carothers)
        • The company where he conducted the research in his lab (Du Pont)
        • The global perspective
2 1 history 1
2.1 History 1
  • Wallace H. Carothers (1896-1938)
      • Genius chemist, several degrees
      • Conducted research at industrial company (Du Pont)
      • Conducted research to find a molecule as large as possible
      • In the beginning he was free to chose his topic, later on he was oriented by Du Pont
      • His colleague realized that nylon could be drawn into fibre (1934)
      • Suffered from depression and committed suicide

Science and Corporate Strategy – Du Pont R&D (1992)

Polymers – The Origins & Growth of a Science (1995)

Massachusetts Institute of Technology http://www.mit.edu (2002)

2 2 history 2
2.2 History 2
  • Du Pont (established 1802)
      • Wanted to have a research lab as their “commitment to scientific discovery as the key to future success”
      • Lured away Carothers from Harvard university
      • Carothers was free to “do pure basic research”
      • Du Pont wanted to develop a synthetic fibre that could replace silk
      • Nylon invented by Carothers in 1935
      • In 1938, public announcement of nylon as “the first man-made organic textile fabric prepared entirely from new materials from the mineral kingdom”

Du Pont Corporate Information http://www.dupont.com (2002)

Du Pont History Archive http://www.heritage.dupont.com (2002)

2 3 history 3
2.3 History 3
  • The Global View
      • Despite the Great Depression, Carothers’ Lab´s funding was never reduced
      • By 1931 silk was getting expensive and harder to find due to political and trade troubles with Japan
      • Du Pont was urged by the US government to make Nylon a reality as quick as possible
      • Nylon was a potential as a vital war material
      • During war Nylon replaced Asian silk and supplanted cotton

Inventing Polymer Science (1998)

Science and Corporate Strategy – Du Pont R&D (1992)

Massachusetts Institute of Technology http://www.mit.edu (2002)

Information pool on the development of Chemistry http://www.chemheritage.org (2002)

3 1 outcome diagram i
3.1 Outcome - Diagram I

Politics

Government

War

Du Pont

The Lab

Economic Issues

Great Depression

3 2 outcome diagram ii
3.2 Outcome - Diagram II

Carothers

Technicians

Instruments

Chemists

Du Pont

The Lab

Funding

Obligations

Ready made

science

Production

Technology

4 conclusion
4 Conclusion
  • Conclusion:
      • Documents on history do shape the perceptions on subject:
        • Depending on the material used, it will lead (more or less) to a certain perception
        • Focused on a certain belief, proof in documents on history can always be found
      • By the usage of as various sources as possible, a perspective close to objectivity can be achieved …
      • BUT an ultimate objectivity can never be achieved as it will always depend on people’s (author’s, researcher’s,…) interpretations
4 1 additional remarks
4.1 Additional Remarks
  • Additional Remarks:
      • Esp. for Du Pont their advertisement had great impact
      • Big impact of nylon on society (e.g..women started to shave their legs)
      • Interesting further development of Nylon & Du Pont
5 questions discussion
5 Questions & Discussion
  • Thank you for your attention!
      • Any Questions?
      • Time for Discussion!!!