The Atoms Family Album - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Atoms Family Album

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  1. The Atoms Family Album

  2. Directions • As we read the story as a class, fill-in the following for each character: • Name • Description • Favorite Activity • Facial Picture (draw a face based on the description using the circle)

  3. The Story…. In the center of Matterville, there is a place called the Nucleus Arcade, where two members of the Atoms Family like to hang out. Perky Patty Proton, like her sisters, is quite large with a huge smile and eyes that sparkle (+). Patty is always happy and has a very positive personality.

  4. The Story…. Nerdy Nelda Neutron is large like Patty, but she has a boring, flat mouth and eyes with zero expression (o). Her family is very apathetic and neutral about everything. Patty, Nelda, and their sisters spend all their time at the arcade.

  5. The Story…. Around the Nucleus Arcade, you will find a series of roadways that are used by another member of the Atoms Family, Enraged Elliott Electron. Elliott races madly around the arcade on his bright red chrome-plated Harley Davidson. He rides so fast that no one can be sure where he is at any time.

  6. The Story…. Elliott is much smaller than Patty and Nelda and he is always angry because these bigger relatives will not let him in the Arcade. He has a frown on his face, eyes that are squinted with anger, and a very negative attitude (-).

  7. Perky Patty Proton • Quite large • Big smile • Eyes that sparkle (+) • Always happy/positive • Hanging out in Nucleus Arcade

  8. Nerdy Nelda Neutron • Quite large • Boring flat mouth • Eyes with no expression (o) • Always apathetic/neutral • Hanging out in Nucleus Arcade

  9. Enraged Elliott Electron • Smaller than Patty or Nelda • Frown on his face • Squinted eyes with anger • Always angry/negative (-) • Racing around the electron roadways surrounding the Nucleus Arcade

  10. The Story…. The first energy street can only hold two Electron brothers. The second energy street, called Energy Freeway, can only hold 8 brothers. The third energy street, called the Energy Superhighway, can hold 18 of the brothers.

  11. Matterville Nucleus Arcade Contains protons & neutrons Energy Street Can hold up to 2 electrons Energy Freeway Can hold up to 8 electrons Energy Superhighway Can hold up to 18 electrons

  12. Matterville Nucleus Arcade Contains protons & neutrons Energy Street Can hold up to 2 electrons Energy Freeway Can hold up to 8 electrons Energy Superhighway Can hold up to 18 electrons

  13. Morale of Matterville • The morale of Matterville is stable as long as it has the same number of protons (+) and electrons (-). • If someone kidnaps one Elliott Electron, the morale of Matterville would become positive (more protons). • If one Elliott Electron were to move to Matterville, the morale would be negative (more electrons).

  14. Periodic Table & Atom Basics • Element squares • Atomic number • Atomic symbol • Element Name • Atomic Mass 5 B Boron 10.81

  15. Periodic Table & Atom Basics • Determining the number of Protons, neutrons and electrons • # of Protons = atomic # • Protons must equal the number of electrons to be stable • # of Neutrons= Atomic mass - atomic # • Round atomic mass to the nearest whole number. • # of Electrons = # of protons =atomic # • Atoms can gain or lose electrons • Math Game 5 B Boron 10.81

  16. Periodic Table & Atom Basics • Bohr Diagram • Shows the number of electrons and in which energy levels they are in for the atom • Example for Boron

  17. Periodic Table & Atom Basics Bohr Diagram • Lewis Structure • A Lewis Structure consists of the atomic symbol surrounded by “dots” to represent the number of electrons in the outer energy level as represented by a Bohr Diagram. • These electrons in the outer energy level are called valence electrons. Lewis Structure B

  18. Periodic Table & Atom Basics Bohr Diagram • Lewis Structure • Another example (Neon) Lewis Structure Ne

  19. Now its your turn to practice…