Chapter 10 A Changing Nation. Warm Up. Question: After the War of 1812, Americans entered a new era. What do you think the U.S. felt like after the War of 1812? Why would they feel this way?. Warm Up.
Who became the 5th President of the United States?
Dealing With Other Nations
Complete the chart using the following slides.
Convention of 1818:
- The U.S. will not interfere with existing European colonies in America
- The U.S. will oppose any new European settlements in America!
- Key aspect of U.S. foreign policy
How did the United States get Florida from the Spanish?
Spain was losing power over its colonies in the Americas. The Spanish knew the U.S. could easily take the territory over so when the U.S. offered to buy the land Spain agreed.
The Adams-Onis Treaty
The Age of Jackson
Four people ran for president in 1824, including:
Andrew Jackson vs. John Quincy Adams (Again!)
The beginning of the 1828 campaign revealed little difference between the two candidates on the major political issues of the day. It became obvious that the race would be a personality contest and that Jackson had the clear lead. Faced with this reality, the Adams camp injected scandal into their campaign.
Things became so mean that Jackson believed that Adams’ attack killed his wife.
Jackson was America's first "Frontier President" – the first president who did not come from the nation’s east-coast elite. His victory was seen as a triumph for the common man and for democracy. The celebration of his inauguration was an opportunity for America’s ordinary citizen to rejoice.
Read “A Historical Perspective” (handout)
John Quincy Adams:
Watch the video about how Andrew Jackson changed the American Presidency.
Who was involved?
Illinois and Wisconsin (then part of Michigan Territory)
General Henry Atkinson
The Native Americans had land in Illinois and Wisconsin.
In the 1820’s, the U.S. took it away. They forced Black Hawk’s people to sign treaties giving up their land.
Black Hawk had already fought against the Americans in the War of 1812. Now, as white settlers began plowing land that was sacred to Native Americans, he was ready to fight again. His forces began raiding outlying white settlements. U.S. troops under General Henry Atkinson pursued the Sauk and Fox across northern Illinois and into Wisconsin. They caught up with them where the Bax Axe River flows into the Mississippi. Black Hawk surrendered, but Akinson’s men opened fire anyway, killing 200 women, children and warriors. Black Hawk was captured and imprisoned for a year. Then he rejoined the remnants of his tribe on a reservation in Iowa.
It was the last Indian war east of the Mississippi River.
Abraham Lincoln enlisted in an Illinois militia unit during the Black Hawk War. He became a captain, but did not see action.
Jefferson Davis (Confederate President) Also fought in the war.
Indian Removal Act
Congress paid Indians for their land
Removing the Indians was one of Andrew Jackson’s campaign promises
Georgia did not recognize the Cherokees as a nation
The Cherokees sued the state of Georgia to try and remain on their land
Decision: Native Americans were protected by the U.S. Constitution. This meant they didn’t have to move west
President Jackson ignored the Supreme Court’s ruling and sent troops to Georgia
Trail of Tears
Fighting would lead to their destruction so The Cherokee had no choice but to leave their land during the winter of 1838-1839.
Thousands of Cherokee died during the journey (brutal weather)
Briefly describe the events that took place:
Name and explain two important people in this event:
Who was involved?
The U.S. and the Seminole tribe
When did the wars take place?
Two wars 1817-1818 and 1835-42
Where did the wars take place?
The Black Hawk War- Fought in 1832 in the Midwestern U.S. The war was named for Black Hawk a war chief of the Sauk, Fox, and Kickapoo tribes.
They fought against the U.S. Army and militia from Illinois and the Michigan Territory (present-day Wisconsin) for possession of lands in the area.
Seminole Wars -The Seminole Wars, also known as the Florida Wars, were three conflicts in Florida between various groups of Native Americans collectively known as Seminoles and the U.S.
States’ Rights and the Economy
“…when laws… make the rich richer and the potent more powerful, the humble members of society—farmers, mechanics, and laborers– who have neither the time nor the means of securing like favors to themselves, have a right to complain of the injustice of their Government.”
John Tyler becomes president 32 days after Harrison took office.1st Vice-President to gain the presidency because the elected president died in office.
No major accomplishments.
Finish the table-Presidents and their V-Ps1-Washington, Adams2- Adams, _____________3-Jefferson, Burr and Clinton4-James Madison, Clinton and Gerry5-___________, Tompkins6-J.Q.Adams, _____________7-________, Calhoun and Van Buren8-Van Buren, ____________9-Harrison, John Tyler10-Tyler, none
Finish the table1-Washington, Adams2- Adams, Jefferson3-Jefferson, Burr and Clinton4-James Madison, Clinton and Gerry5-James Monroe, Tompkins6-J.Q.Adams, Calhoun7-Jackson, Calhoun and Van Buren8-Van Buren, Johnson 9-Harrison, John Tyler10-Tyler, none