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Click on picture to play song by David Rovics. Chapter 12 Sec. 2 The factory life develops ( 1800-1850). Sec. 2 Factories in the North Emerge. What will we learn?. How did the War of 1812 help American manufacturers? How did the early Industrial Revolution change people’s lives?

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chapter 12 sec 2 the factory life develops 1800 1850

Chapter 12Sec. 2The factory life develops(1800-1850)

Sec. 2 Factories in the North Emerge

what will we learn
What will we learn?
  • How did the War of 1812 help American manufacturers?
  • How did the early Industrial Revolution change people’s lives?
  • How was Lowell a model community?
  • What were working conditions like in early factories?
  • What were the advantages and disadvantages of the city life in the early 1800’s?
war of 1812
War of 1812
  • BEFORE the war, US colonists imported most manufactured goods from Britain…
  • AFTER the war, the US was eager to build and manufacture their own goods.
    • As Britain blocked trade with the US, Americans produced more goods themselves.
    • Let’s start building!!!
pre industrial revolution
Pre-Industrial Revolution
  • Before the Industrial Revolution many people were:
    • self-employed
    • set their own hours
    • worked in their own homes
    • their pay was determined by the number of items they produced
  • What if this was still the case? How does that sound?
early industrial revolution
Early Industrial Revolution
  • Inventions, such as the Spinning Jenny and Cotton Gin, brought production from the home into the factory (factory system), and revolutionized, or changed, the economy of the United States, as well as home and family life.

See Picture:

The spinning jenny allows workers to spin multiple threads at once, not just one.

the lowell experiment
The Lowell Experiment
  • 1822, The Lowell Experiment
    • Francis Cabot Lowell
      • “Why not combine spinning and weaving under one roof?”
      • As you could imagine, the machines were powered by what natural resource?
        • Next slide…
the lowell experiment1
The Lowell Experiment
  • What advantages could be gained by building a factory close to a river?
  • Why is water such an important factor?
the lowell experiment2
The Lowell Experiment
  • 1822, The Lowell Experiment
    • Francis Cabot Lowell
      • “Why not combine spinning and weaving under one roof?”
      • As you could imagine, the machines were powered by natural river water.
    • Boston Associates
      • A model community
      • Built an entire factory

town on the Merrimack

River.

1840 s the lowell mill girls
1840’s, The “Lowell Mill Girls”
  • Women…ladies…girls…now become the breadwinners!!!
at work in the mills
At Work in the Mills
  • Child Labor
  • Long hours
  • Married women were expected to turn their pay over to their husbands, who could spend it as they wished. Daughters gave their money to their fathers and brothers. What about their education? Is this fair?
at work in the mills1
At Work in the Mills
  • Children were working long hours and starting as early as the age of three. They worked in coal mines, spinning houses, the food industry, almost anywhere, and for little or no money. Kids were robbed of their childhood.
  • Lewis W. Hine does an amazing job of proving that to us with the use of both testimonial text and photographs.
    • Hines exposes the past which helps us understand the present.
photography of lewis w hines
Photography of Lewis W. Hines
  • You will now examine six photographs from the early industrialization period, that offer a representation of life in urban America during the mid-1800’s.
  • As you examine each photograph, try to imagine if this were the time period that you lived in!
  • “A picture is worth a thousand words.”
growing cities positives
Growing Cities - positives
  • Growth of factories leads to the growth of cities
  • Attractions
    • Circuses, racetracks, plays, and museums
    • Fine clothing stores, china shops, and shoe stores

Virginia City, NV

In the late 1800s there were over 30,000 people in the city, and there were 6-story buildings.

growing cities negatives
Growing Cities - negatives
  • Problems in the cities
    • Today’s potholes were their mudholes!
    • No sewers
    • Streets were filthy
    • Disease
      • yellow fever
      • cholera
what have we learned
What have we learned?
  • How did the War of 1812 help American manufacturers?
  • How did the early Industrial Revolution change people’s lives?
  • How was Lowell a model community?
  • What were working conditions like in early factories?
  • What were the advantages and disadvantages of the city life in the early 1800’s?
extra eli whitney
Extra: Eli Whitney
  • Cotton gin didn’t go so well
  • Interchangeable parts
    • Since all the parts would be the same, a broken part could be replaced by another, identical part.
    • What a great idea!
  • Saved time and money
then vs now
Then vs. Now
  • Today’s computer explosion has been referred to as a high-tech revolution. Are there any similarities and differences between the Industrial and high-tech revolutions?

VS.

  • Which had a greater impact on everyday life?