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Ruth Naughton -Doe. Timebanking: where is the evidence? Ruth Naughton -Doe. What is time banking? Person-to-person time banking. Egalitarian Reciprocity. What can timebanking contribute to preventative social care?.

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ruth naughton doe

Ruth Naughton-Doe

Timebanking: where is the evidence?

Ruth Naughton-Doe

what can timebanking contribute to preventative social care
What can timebanking contribute to preventative social care?
  • Co-production; de-professionalised services and building community capacity for self-help
  • Prevention through improving well-being
  • Practical support: that ‘extra bit of help’ (JFR, 2009)
the timebanking halo
The timebanking halo
  • Individuals/public: ‘that’s such a great idea!’
  • The media: Radio 4 documentary, BBC, newspapers
  • Think tanks and practitioners: NEF, NESTA, Spice
where is the evidence s ystematic synthesis of literature
Where is the evidence? Systematic synthesis of literature
  • Biased, vested interests, practitioner-produced
  • Few quantitative outcomes studies (8)
  • Abundance of qualitative studies (but low quality)
  • Evidence of significant implementation challenges (USA, Japan)
outputs what do time banks do
Outputs: What do time banks do?
  • Small numbers of members
  • Small proportion are active
  • Organisational members often very active
  • One-on-one exchanges are rare

You mean the majority of timebanks are not doing one-on-one exchanges? It is not what I thought it was…

(TV Researcher, London)

what were the outcomes
What were the outcomes?
  • Difficulties of collecting quantitative data
  • Quantitative data insignificant
  • Qualitative data demonstrates indicators of well-being and social capital
  • Mechanisms by which outcomes are generated include trust, flexibilityand variety.
resources and finances the f word
Resources and Finances (‘The F Word’)
  • Resources: time-broker, facilities, day trips
  • Older people: access, transport and mobility
  • Short term funding, small grants
  • Cuts in social care; funding not a priority
Professionalisation and Bureaucracy‘Timebanking: how to professionalise a really good idea’ (TBUK WORKER)
  • Insurance, safeguarding, risk and CRB
  • Broker managed exchanges

“You have to Introduce them to dog walker, assess the house, assess the dog, assess the owner, have a chat, and once we found the walker, introduce the two of them together and go out for a walk with them as well just for a safety measure. If that dog walker can’t make it on the day, they ring me, and I ring the person. Very often we advise them not to swap phone numbers as you can imagine what can happen.”

(Time broker, North East England)

human drama
Human drama
  • Time poverty (Burchardt, 2010)
  • Health problems
  • Reluctance to contribute (Fine, 2007)

Practical challenges

  • Skills gaps
  • Unwanted tasks
  • Recruitment/retention
  • BURCHARDT, T. 2010. Time, income and substantive freedom: A capability approach. Time & Society, 19, 318-344
  • Department of Health (2012) Caring for our fture. Reforming Care and Support White Paper. London: DoH.
  • Hudson and Henwood (2008) Prevention, personalisaton and prioritisation in social care. Squaring the Circle. London: SCIE.
  • Joseph Rowntree Foundation (2009) Older people’s vision for long term care. London: JRF.
  • Hayashi, M. (2012) ‘Japan’s FureaiKippuTime-banking in Elderly Care: Origins, Development, Challenges and Impact’ International Journal of Community Currency Research 16 (A) 30-44  
  • NEF (2006) National Accounts of Well-Being. London: NEF.
  • Pawson and Tilley (2004) Realistic Evaluation. London: Sage.
  • SEYFANG, G. (2004) Working Outside the Box: Community Currencies, Time Banks and Social Inclusion. Journal of Social Policy, 33, 49-71.