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Environmentally Preferable Purchasing: Janitorial Products. Wendi Shafir USEPA Region 9. Take Home Message. First Promote Worker Safety Use a defensible methodology to identify preferable products

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Environmentally Preferable Purchasing: Janitorial Products


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Presentation Transcript
take home message
Take Home Message
  • First Promote Worker Safety
  • Use a defensible methodology to identify preferable products
  • Implement Environmentally Preferable Purchasing (EPP) into contracting language; educate your Group Purchasing Organizations (GPOs) and suppliers
slide3

Environmentally Preferable PurchasingWhat does it mean?

Janitorial

Products

Buildings

Carpets

Food

Packaging

Electronics

slide4

“Green” Product Considerations

  • Manufacturing resource use
  • Energy consumption
  • Disposal/reuse/recycling considerations
  • Social impacts
  • More…
slide5

Environmentally Preferable PurchasingWhy Cleaning Products?

Environment

Chemical

Products

Custodial

Staff

Hospital Occupants

environmentally preferable purchasing why cleaning products
Environmentally Preferable PurchasingWhy Cleaning Products?
  • Asthma risk
  • Occupational skin/eye injuries
  • Indoor Air quality issues
  • Training/Worker protection costs
  • Patient and staff comfort
  • 35% of cleaning chemicals can cause blindness, severe skin damage or damage to organs through skin.
  • 6% are linked to cancer, ozone depletion or global warming
slide7

Environmentally Preferable PurchasingWhy Janitorial Products?

  • Institutional/commercial cleaning is a $100+ billion industry.
  • Institutional/commercial cleaning industry uses roughly 6 to 8 billion pounds of cleaning products.
  • Cleaning industry employs 2 to 3 million janitors; but due to very high turn-over, more are exposed.
  • Most people spend more than 90 percent of their time indoors.

The Center for a New American Dream

slide8

Janitorial data:

  • 54.5 lbs/janitor
  • 6.1 lbs/1000 sq feet

Building maintenance data:

  • 17.7 lbs/year
  • 6.6 lbs/1000 sq feet

Annual Baseline Worker Chemical Exposure Data

City and County of San Francisco, Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Program Data

slide9

Annual Janitorial Injuries

For every 100 workers:

6 Chemical accidents per year

  • 3 eye injuries
  • 2 skin injuries
  • 1 inhalation/other
slide10

Metal cleaner

Metal cleaner

Step 1:What Products Are Used the Most?

Glass cleaners

Toilet bowl cleaner, deodorizers, disinfectants

Wood polish

Disinfectants and General Purpose Cleaners

Hard floor cleaners, strippers, and finishes

Carpet cleaners

slide11

Over 4,500 gallons of cleaning products

Over 1,500 gallons of floor cleaners

Step 1:What Products Are Used the Most?

slide12

Step 2:Location/Extent of Use Considerations

  • One location? Throughout facility?
  • Who is using it? All janitorial staff?
  • How many people are exposed? Patients? Staff?
slide13

Step 3:Potential Exposure

  • Aerosol sprays
    • Impacts to indoor air quality
    • User inhalation exposure
  • Chronic exposure concerns
    • Carcinogens
    • Neurotoxins
    • Dermatitis
  • Acute exposure concerns
    • Corrosives
slide14

Top 5 Janitorial Product Types for which Hospitals Should Purchase Environmentally Preferable Products

General Purpose Cleaners

Disinfectants

Glass Cleaners

Toilet Bowl Cleaners

Metal Cleaners

slide15

VOCs

Less than 10%

General Purpose Cleaners

  • Frequent use, exposure concerns for janitorial staff and building tenants
  • Avoid products that contain butoxyethanol, petroleum distillates (light naptha), or other highly toxic ingredients
slide16

Clean? Disinfect?

Never compromise infection control

Remember Surface Cleaning required prior to disinfection

Consider separate vs. combo product

Training – more product not always better

slide17

Disinfectants

  • Concerns about general use of antimicrobials
    • Potential for causing antimicrobial resistance
    • Unknown long term consequences of its use
  • Consider using comprehensive product evaluation criteria when selecting disinfectant products
slide18

VOCs

Less than 6%

Choosing Environmentally Preferable Glass Cleaners

  • Avoid glass cleaners that contain methanol or butoxyethanol
  • Look for low concentrations of isopropyl alcohol or ammonia

(California Air Resources Board requirement as of 12/31/04).

slide19

Toilet Bowl Cleaner

  • Acidic products pose immediate risk to user
  • Look for products that do not contain strong acids, such as hydrochloric or phosphoric acid
  • Have a pH >2 and <12
  • Routinely use non-acid bowl cleaner, only using acid bowl cleaners for periodic deep cleaning
slide20

Metal Cleaner

  • Exposure concerns for janitorial staff and building tenants
  • Look for products that do not contain perchloroethylene (PERC), n-metyl pyrolidone (NMP), hexane, butoxyethanol, and light petroleum distillates (light naptha)
slide21

Contract Language and RFPs

  • Build environmental and health and safety criteria into purchasing contracts and RFPs
  • City of Seattle http://www.seattle.gov/environment/Documents/JanitorialSpecs.pdf
slide22

EP3: Cost Considerations

City and County of San Francisco EP3 Program Results

how to find products
How to Find Products
  • San Francisco Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Approved Green Products: http://www.sfenvironment.org/our_programs/topics.html?ssi=9&ti=22
  • Green Purchasing (HCWH) http://www.noharm.org/global/issues/purchasing/resources.php
  • Ask your GPO
discussion who has implemented greener cleaning
Discussion: Who has implemented Greener Cleaning?
  • Why?
  • Costs, benefits?
  • Challenges?
  • Advice?
take home message25
Take Home Message
  • First Promote Worker Safety
  • Use a defensible methodology to identify preferable products
  • Implement EPP into contracting language; educate your GPOs and suppliers
slide27

Other EPP Resources

EPA

http://www.epa.gov/epp/pubs/products/cleaning.htm

Practice GreenHealth

http://cms.h2e-online.org/ee/facilities/greencleaning/

Healthcare Without Harm

www.noharm.org/greenPurchasing/eppPolicies

Green Seal

www.greenseal.org

slide28

Other EPP Resources

Sustainable Hospitals Project

www.sustainablehospitals.org/cgi-bin/DB_Index.cgi

INFORM Cleaning for Health – Products and Practices for a Safer Indoor Environment (INFORM): http://www.informinc.org/toolkit.php

shafir.wendi@epa.gov

415-972-3422

http://www.epa.gov/region09/waste/p2/hospart.html