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Agenda item 8 Issue paper 10. Special Purpose Entities. The Treatment of Special Purpose Entities in the Netherlands GGNA, May 11th 2009 Bob Groot Statistics Netherlands. Special Purpose Entities (SPEs). Introduction and definition Types of SPEs SPEs in the Netherlands

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special purpose entities

Agenda item 8

Issue paper 10

Special Purpose Entities

The Treatment of Special Purpose Entities

in the Netherlands

GGNA, May 11th 2009

Bob Groot

Statistics Netherlands

special purpose entities spes
Special Purpose Entities (SPEs)

Introduction and definition

Types of SPEs

SPEs in the Netherlands

SPEs in National Accounts

Vulnerabilities in data

Questions to members of Expert Group

what are spes
What are SPEs?
  • SNA2008:
  • “A number of institutional units may be described as special purpose entities (SPEs) or special purpose vehicles. There is no common definition of an SPE”
  • Paragraph 4.55
what are special purpose entities spes
What are Special Purpose Entities (SPEs) ?
  • Part of multinational company group
  • Small resident entity
    • Few employees
    • Postal box / brass plate
  • Large financial flows
    • Attracting financial assets abroad
    • Re-issuing them abroad
    • Securities, loans, stocks
  • (Interceding on behalf of) owner of intellectual property rights
types of spes
Types of SPEs
  • Financing / Holding companies
  • Royalty & Licence companies
  • Factoring companies
  • Operational lease companies
  • Special purpose vehicles*
spes in the netherlands
SPEs in the Netherlands
  • How big?
    • More than 12,000 SPEs in 2008
    • More than 1.6 trillion euros on closing balance sheet 2008*, approx. 3x GDP
    • Low (or negative) value added
      • Tax gains weigh against costs or loss by SPE
      • Other industries profit from presence SPEs
spes in the netherlands1
SPEs in the Netherlands
  • How are they identified?
    • Project group (CBS and DNB)
      • Decision tree
        • Criteria to identify SPEs
      • Different types of SPEs identified
        • Different criteria for different SPE types
    • Population delineation between CBS & DNB
spes in the netherlands2
SPEs in the Netherlands
  • How recorded?
    • Dutch Central Bank (DNB) collects data
        • SPEs are obliged to report themselves
        • Monthly surveys on foreign transactions
        • Annual surveys on balance sheet information
        • Bi-annual benchmark investigation
    • SPEs in National Accounts
      • Since Benchmark Revision 2001
      • Seperate (sub)sector
      • Data presented including and excluding SPEs
spes in national accounts
SPEs in National Accounts
  • Complete set of national accounts data
  • However:
    • Available source data have limitations
      • Not all SPEs report on monthly basis
      • Necessary assumptions
      • Little data on domestic transactions
vulnerabilities in used methods
Vulnerabilities in used methods
  • Problems in estimating Royalties and licence production
    • The effect on value added by fluctuations in import and export source data
    • Effect on estimates capital formation
  • Financial services
    • Possibly other items booked as financial services in monthly reports by SPEs (e.g. investments in oil platforms)
vulnerabilities in used methods1
Vulnerabilities in used methods
  • Estimates on wages and paid taxes
    • No direct information by SPEs yet
  • Population delineation CBS, DNB
  • Virtually no domestic figures yet
questions to members of the group of experts
Questions to members of the Group of Experts
  • Do members have suggestions for improvement of the methodology on the treatment of SPEs?
  • Can the described Dutch decision tree on SPEs also be used in other countries for the detection of SPEs?
  • How do members deal with the problems of limited data availability on SPEs?
  • Next to the described five types of SPEs, do members have indications for other types of SPEs in their countries?