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Sub-national climate-friendly governance initiatives in developing world: a case study of State of São Paulo – Brazil. Kamyla B. Cunha and Fernando Rei Institute for Energy and Environment São Paulo – Brasil REFGOV Conference 15th June 2006. Objective.
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Kamyla B. Cunha and Fernando Rei
Institute for Energy and Environment
São Paulo – Brasil
15th June 2006
Objective of this study: to present sub-national climate-friendly governance initiatives now arising in the developing world, and taking as a study case the environmental policy implemented by the State of São Paulo, Brazil.
The idea is to demonstrate that even considering the reluctant positions of national states (from developing countries) in assuming more specific mitigation commitments under UNFCCC umbrella, there is already happening sub-national proactive governance actions, which are leading to positive climate-friendly results
to engage all the world's major emitters in a long-term effort that fairly and effectively mobilizes resources needed to protect the global climate
Source: OECD/IEA, 2002
Source: IEA, 2005
The whole conflict and its solution hinge on the discussion about the development model itself
The question arising here is whether the State and the system of international institutions created by it - the UN - are able to reconcile these apparently antagonistic roles
These mechanisms have indeed been arising in the inter-state sphere through the formation of networks among non-governmental organizations and among regional and local government agents, and in the infra-state sphere by the initiative of local agents as a reflection of these networks, or else as purely domestic initiatives
From the perspective of the developing world, these networks could be viewed as an alternative way to address climate change challenges where the official position of nation-states is still one of reluctance to take early action
Economic development, energy profile and CO2 emissions trends:
Kamyla B. Cunha
Institute of Energy and Environment
55 – 11 – 3815 4580