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17. NOMADIC EXPANSION. NOMADS Movement Animals Open, free . SETTLED Sedentary Agriculture Confined, “slavery”. SURVIVAL. C onditions Conflict . MONGOLS. Nomadic Pastoralism Movement Land Animals Tribe. 1200-1500. MONGOLS:. OTHERS:. 1 mil. . China, M.E., Russia Millions .

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17

NOMADIC EXPANSION

slide5

NOMADS

    • Movement
    • Animals
    • Open, free
  • SETTLED
    • Sedentary
    • Agriculture
    • Confined, “slavery”
survival
SURVIVAL
  • Conditions
  • Conflict
mongols
MONGOLS
  • Nomadic Pastoralism
    • Movement
    • Land
    • Animals
  • Tribe
1200 1500
1200-1500

MONGOLS:

OTHERS:

  • 1 mil.
  • China, M.E., Russia
    • Millions
military
MILITARY
  • Training
  • Weapons
    • Short bow
      • 350 yds.
      • Europe: 250 yds.
military1
MILITARY
  • Basic unit
    • Tumens: 10k
      • Subunits
      • Commanders: control
military2
MILITARY
  • 100% cavalry
    • Combat: heavy
    • Archers: light
  • Horses
    • Best bred, trained
    • 60-100 miles/day
special ops
SPECIAL OPS
  • Scout parties
  • Messenger corps
    • Days on horse
  • Logistics unit
warfare
WARFARE
  • Psychological
    • Terror
    • Demoralizing
  • Discipline, strategy
warfare1
WARFARE
  • Mobility
  • Cavalry
    • Few provisions
chinggis khan
CHINGGIS KHAN
  • Strategy, diplomacy
  • United
  • Million people
    • Army 10%
kubilai khan
KUBILAI KHAN
  • Grandson Chinggis Khan
  • China
mongol rule
MONGOL RULE
  • Travel, comm.
  • Conquered people = new talent
  • Specialists
    • Marco Polo
mongol china
MONGOL CHINA
  • Chinese, inferior
    • Taxes
  • Religious toleration
  • Wealth
mongol china1
MONGOL CHINA
  • Technology
  • Hygiene
    • Daily baths
  • Chinese culture
    • Little change