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Child Care Types and Models. CHILD CARE PROGRAM COMPARISON. PROS & CONS OF DAY CARE. PROS CONS. TYPES OF CHILD CARE:. CUSTODIAL: Care for basic needs DEVELOPMENTAL: Intellectual development COMPREHENSIVE: Combines both custodial and developmental care. FAMILY DAY CARE.

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types of child care
TYPES OF CHILD CARE:
  • CUSTODIAL: Care for basic needs
  • DEVELOPMENTAL: Intellectual development
  • COMPREHENSIVE: Combines both custodial and developmental care
family day care
FAMILY DAY CARE
  • DESCRIPTION: Child care within a family residence that provides care for 4 or more children but no more than 6, except for school age.
  • ADVANTAGES: Homelike, low ratios (1-7 including own children)
family day care1
FAMILY DAY CARE
  • DISADVANTAGES: Not structured, they can go about their daily jobs, and not have total thought to your child. Difficult to enforce licensing and credentials of caregiver.
  • LOCAL PROGRAMS: Many homes
  • $350 per child, 4 children = $1400/month
day care centers
DAY CARE CENTERS
  • DESCRIPTION:13 or more children ages 4 weeks to 13 years. License required. Informal play
  • ADVANTAGES: Cares for basic needs of child, they have concern for the child only.
  • DISADVANTAGES: Crowded and commercialized. Ratios high
  • LOCAL PROGRAMS: Kindercare, Small World
montessori schools
MONTESSORI SCHOOLS
  • DESCRIPTION: Learn by doing and on their own by playing with Montessori toys. Use concrete objects and 5 senses
  • ADVANTAGES: Skill based, teaches self motivation and basic life skills
  • DISADVANTAGES: Low teacher interaction, High noise, for profit
  • LOCAL PROGRAMS: LaPetite, Montessori
head start
HEAD START
  • DESCRIPTION: Help low-income child enter Kindergarten at a higher level.
  • ADVANTAGES: Meals, shots, health care, professional staff, gov. funded, transportation, counseling provided.
  • DISADVANTAGES: Children may have emotional problems
  • LOCAL PROGRAMS: Copperview Community Center, Alta View Elem, etc.
latch key programs
LATCH KEY PROGRAMS
  • DESCRIPTION: Care for school-age child before & after school
  • ADVANTAGES: Fun activities, safe
  • DISADVANTAGES: Sponsors to fund program
  • LOCAL PROGRAMS: Copperview C. C., Alta Canyon, many day cares
parent cooperatives
PARENT COOPERATIVES
  • DESCRIPTION: Parents involved and work as aides.
  • ADVANTAGES: Less costs. Parents know what child is learning & make decisions, collect fees
  • DISADVANTAGES: Lack of control on teachers, lack of continuity and consistency or rules.
  • LOCAL PROGRAMS: Jewish community Ctr., Joy School
lab schools
LAB SCHOOLS
  • DESCRIPTION: #1 goal is to teach student teachers, not the child
  • ADVANTAGES: Ratios low, curriculum checked by a professional
  • DISADVANTAGES: It is a lab to train students, not teach the child
  • LOCAL PROGRAMS: Alta, W. Jordan, SLCC, U of U, BYU. UVSC
play groups
PLAY GROUPS
  • DESCRIPTION: Parents take turns caring for each others children
  • ADVANTAGES: Trade instead of pay money
  • DISADVANTAGES: May not be fair unless a system has a way to control
  • LOCAL PROGRAMS: Individual homes
child care models
Child Care Models
  • Maturationist
    • Schooled according to maturity
    • Selected by tests
  • Behaviorist
    • Motor development is not important
    • Achieve academic competencies
    • Structured environment
  • Constructivist
    • Children construct their own understanding through self-direction
    • Individual and small group learning in 4 developmental areas
    • Learning process, not facts, is important
on site day care
ON-SITE DAY CARE
  • DESCRIPTION: Parents can work near child and drop in during the day
  • ADVANTAGES: Promotes families, sick child care provided, parent has less sick days
  • DISADVANTAGES: Child has a longer drive
  • LOCAL PROGRAMS: Jordan High, Bingham High, Copper Hills High, Riverton High, U of U Medical Center and various businesses
hourly
Hourly
  • Pro: cheaper, don’t have to pay for them when they are not there.
  • Con: Prices can be high, difficult to find a reputable one.
preschool
Preschool
  • DESCRIPTION: Kindergarten prep, intellectual development
  • ADVANTAGES: Developmentally planned program for overall growth
  • DISADVANTAGES: High cost ($90-140/month), only lasts about 3 hours 2-3 days a week.
  • LOCAL PROGRAMS: Challenger, Newcastle