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Vietnam War. ch25. Vietnam. Rule of ‘Nam. 1800’2  WWII France WWII Japan WWII  1954 France. Ho Chi Minh. Communist Revolutionary Fought to free Vietnam before WWII against France Fought Japanese in WWII

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rule of nam
Rule of ‘Nam
  • 1800’2  WWII France
  • WWII Japan
  • WWII  1954 France
ho chi minh
Ho Chi Minh
  • Communist Revolutionary
  • Fought to free Vietnam before WWII against France
  • Fought Japanese in WWII
  • Wanted to make Vietnam an Independent Communist country
guerilla warfare
Guerilla Warfare
  • North Vietnamese & Vietcong used against France and later US
  • Vietnam was largely jungle territory
  • War fighters used traps, the terrain, & blended in to the civilian population
    • Made it difficult to know who you were fighting against
french fall
French Fall
  • 1954 French pulled out of Vietnam
  • Vietnam was temporarily split in half at the 17th parallel
  • North was Communist, South was Anti-Communist
  • US stepped in and backed the South
  • Vietnam War was fought to stop the spread of Communism
  • In the early 1960’s the US was sending thousands of “military advisors” to aid the South Vietnamese
  • US backed South
  • JFK was killed in 1963, leaving LBJ to deal with ‘Nam
  • In 1964 Vietnamese torpedoed US ships in the Gulf of Tonkin
    • (those US ships were aiding the South’s military actions)
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution gave LBJ war powers
  • LBJ expanded US in Vietnam with Operation Rolling Thunder
    • (hence the movie called “Tropic Thunder”)
  • US fought limited war  stop spread of Communism
  • Had to identify enemy before they could fight
    • Guerilla Warfare
  • Vietcong & North Vietnamese

fought on their own soil

    • Had more to fight for
  • US casualties grew from 65  68

and peaked in 1968

  • War peaked in 1968 with the Tet Offensive
  • Tet Offensive: Vietcong attacked basically every US base in Vietnam, US was driven back, recovered weeks later and drove out Vietcong
  • After Tet US found that Vietcong had executed thousands of civilians
  • North Vietnamese were noted for having terrorized and slaughtered their own people in the North
  • US implemented a draft during ‘Nam
  • Later into the war the draft became a Lottery
    • Lottery is when people were given a number and had to go fight when their number was called
  • Many people fled to Canada to avoid going to war, or just refused to serve and went to jail
  • Others were not passed medically, but most went
  • Draft caused a lot of uproar in society
  • Vietnam war took place during the 60’s & 70’s which was a time of great cultural unrest
    • Hippie movement, Women’s liberation, Civil Rights movement– everybody had a “cause”
  • Vietnam was also the first “televised war” –for the first time people actually saw the atrocities of war
  • 1963- Buddhist monk set himself on fire to protest S. Vietnam Government
  • 1967-young men burned Draft Cards
  • 1970- Kent State Massacre
  • Tons of smaller protests
nixon nam
Nixon & ‘Nam
  • Nixon was elected in 1968 after LBJ
    • Promised to end the Vietnam War
  • Re-elected in 1972
  • Ended war in 1973
  • Resigned after Watergate in 1974
end of the war
End of the War
  • December 1972 US bombed North Vietnam for 12 days straight
  • Only pause in bombing was Christmas  became known as the “Christmas Bombing”
  • January 1973 (1 month later) Agreement was signed to end the war
  • 1975 North invaded South  South fell under Communist rule
pow mia
  • Many troops either went missing or were taken prisoner
  • Captured POW’s often lived through terrible treatment
  • After war the Vietnam Veterans Memorial was built
    • Long wall of names
pow mia1