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E L L I S I S L A N D. Gateway to America. People that went to the United States. They immigrated to the United States from different countries They traveled across the ocean for weeks Their first step onto American soil was on ELLIS ISLAND. E L L I S I S L A N D.

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E l l i s i s l a n d

Gateway to America

People that went to the united states
People that went to the United States

  • They immigrated to the United States from different countries

  • They traveled across the ocean for weeks

  • Their first step onto American soil was on ELLIS ISLAND

E l l i s i s l a n d1

  • The first place many immigrants visited

  • A processing station to determine if immigrants were able to survive in the United States

  • The gateway to the United States

History of ellis island

  • Opened on January 1, 1892

  • 1st Immigrant - 15 year old Irish girl called Annie Moore on 1st January 1892

  • Last immigrant – Norwegian Seaman called Arne Peterssen in 1954

  • Named after Samuel Ellis, a New York developer who bought it in 1782 – sold to New York in 1808

History continued
History continued

The peak years were from 1892-1924

  • In 1907, more than 11,000 immigrants were processed in one day

  • By 1924 over 16 million immigrants had entered the United States

    The gates closed in 1954

  • Over 40 million immigrants had passed through its gates

  • Opened as a museum in September 1990

What is an immigrant
What is an Immigrant?

  • A person who leaves one country to settle permanently in another

    • To escape hardship to include religious and political persecution

    • War

    • Starvation

    • Poverty

    • Lack of opportunity

Where did immigrants come from
Where did Immigrants come from?

  • Britain

  • Germany

  • Sweden

  • Italy

  • Poland

  • Russia

  • Ireland

  • Austria-Hungary

Steps to coming to america
Steps to Coming to America

  • Immigrants sold most of their possession to pay for passage and papers needed to immigrate to America

  • Left behind family and many belongings

  • Can only bring one luggage on the ship

V o y a g e t o a m e r i c a
V o y a g e t o A m e r i c a

  • Time: 3 wks. to 1 month

  • Distance: 3,000 miles

  • Food: Thin soup and bread

  • Preferred the main deck for fresh air

  • Many were ill

  • No room to do anything

Arriving at ellis island
Arriving at Ellis Island

  • Site of the Statue of Liberty was America

  • Many immigrants were nervous about whether they would pass the tests at Ellis Island

A day at ellis island
A Day at Ellis Island

  • Baggage Area

  • Stairs of Separation

  • Medical Examination

  • Cafeteria

  • Great Hall

  • Dormitory (if detained)

  • Kissing Post

Baggage area
Baggage Area

  • Here they checked in their heaviest baggage

  • They were separated from their families

  • Did not know if they would ever see their family or luggage's again

S t a i r s o f s e p a r a t i o n
S t a i r s o f S e p a r a t i o n

  • As immigrants walked up the staircase, United States Public Health physicians watched them for signs of illnesses.

M e d i c a l e x a m s
M e d i c a l E x a m s

  • Physicians looked for signs of infectious diseases like diphtheria or whooping cough

  • Also looked for signs of insanity or other conditions that would prevent them from earning a living in the United States.

  • If there was a medical problem, a chalk mark was placed on the back in need for further examination

    • “E” - Eye problems

    • “H” - Heart problems

    • “L” - Lameness

    • “SC” - Scalp problems

    • “X” - Mental disease

T h e c a f e t e r i a
T h e C a f e t e r i a

  • Immigrants were fed after the medical examination

  • Their first taste of American food

  • Food, such as Ice cream was new and strange

T h e g r e a t h a l l
T h e G r e a t H a l l

  • Also known as the Registry Room

  • Where millions of immigrants were processed for admission to the United States

  • They waited for hours to have an interview with an inspector

Questions asked by the inspector
Questions asked by the Inspector

  • Have you ever been in jail?

  • Have you ever been divorced?

  • Have you ever been sick?

  • Have you ever been a communist?

  • Asked to count backwards from 20 and add numbers

  • Asked to place pegs in the right shaped holes

  • Would you wash stairs from the top down or bottom up?

D o r m i t o r y
D o r m i t o r y

  • Immigrants who were detained for medical or other reasons stayed in these rooms

  • They stay was only a day or two but difficult cases stayed for weeks

  • Reasons for stay:

    • In need of a ticket money

    • A sponsor or a relative’s arrival

    • An illness

T h e k i s s i n g p o s t
T h e K i s s i n g P o s t

  • After immigrants were approved for admission to the United States, they walked down the staircase to meet the parents, children, or spouses they had been separated from

  • This is called the “kissing post” because of the many happy reunions that take place here.


Answer in full sentences & as much detail as you can

  • What is an immigrant?

  • Give three reasons why immigrants left their homelands.

  • When did Ellis Island open?

  • Who was the first person to come through the gates?

  • After dropping their baggage, where did they go?

  • Were family members separated?

  • When did they get to have an American meal?

  • Give three questions the inspector asked?